Wikipedia does not accord with the Pali suttas and the PTS Pali English Dictionary entry at Sutta Central is confusing, given it includes numerous different English terms.
Pali words can generally only be understood in their contextual meaning. A sutta that clearly contextually describes 'sati' is MN 117, as follows:
One is mindful to abandon wrong ...
The way it's used in Buddhism, sati/smrti means continuously remembering something, being mindful of something, continuously keeping something in mind. The traditional metaphor is the mindfulness of hunger -- when you are very hungry you don't forget that you are hungry.
If I remember correctly, before Buddhism, in Hinduism (or whatever that conglomerate of ...
The word Sati (Smrti in Sanskrit) literally means remembrance or recollection, but as with many Buddhist technical terms has a more specialized meaning in a meditative context. In the context of meditation the word Sati has a more general meaning to set the mind on the object of meditation. For example, the meditation in which one contemplates the attributes ...
See SN 46.3
sati-sambojjhanga remembers Dhamma-teaching, then thinks (vitakka) about that Dharma.
Dhamma-vicaya-sambojjhnaga investigates that Dharma-teaching recollected by sati, by means of vicara (evaluation) paññāya (same word as the sampajano, what B. thanissaro translates as 'alertness').
ātāpi = ...
From Khuddaka Nikaya's The Questions of King Milinda (translation mine):
‘Venerable Nagasena, what is the characteristic mark of vitakka*?’
‘The characteristic mark of vitakka is "placing" (Appanā), Your Majesty.’
‘Give me an example.’
‘For example, Your Majesty, like a carpenter takes well-finished boards of wood and places (appeti) ...
Sati means to 'remember' (SN 48.10) or 'bring to & keep in mind' (MN 117).
Sampajana is situational wisdom; the right or thorough understanding of or for a situation.
Sampajana is from the words saṃ & pajāna (cp. pajānāti). It appears suttas such as MN 118, AN 3.121 & SN 12.28 indicate mere pajānāti might be a level of knowing or recognition ...
He said that sati is like a raft in the sense that it should be given up as soon as the goal, arahantship, has been reached.
Sati is "non-forgetting" of the Dhamma Truth.
To give more strength to his claim he also pointed out that sati is not one of the 10 parami (perfections).
This does not make sense because effort, determination, patience, etc are ...
Maybe your friend meant to say that an arahant no longer has to consciously make an effort to develop sati? An arahant has developed all 8 limbs of the Noble Eightfold Path to perfection such that they've become second nature. To him, sati's no longer an effort to be developed. It's become his way of life. It's like a novice martial arts student at first has ...
Sloth and Topher is the fifth Mara.
It activated when all other previous four maras are inactivated.
For instance, when you watch TV the first mara is in charge.
When you listen to Dhamma if the fourth Mara is not in charge you will go to sleep.
This is a complex case.
The way to avoid this is to practice walking meditation.
The instruction to do "one thing at a time" is implied by the Buddha's praise of Sāriputta's practice, which was intense, deep and accomplished methodically one by one:
MN111:1.6: The Buddha said this: “Sāriputta is astute, mendicants. He has great wisdom, widespread wisdom, laughing wisdom, swift wisdom, sharp wisdom, and penetrating wisdom. For a ...
That's not what DN 16 appears to say. The Buddha, who is also an Arahant, endured his physical pains mindfully (sati) according to DN 16.
After the Buddha had commenced the rainy season residence, he fell
severely ill, struck by dreadful pains, close to death.
bhagavato vassūpagatassa kharo ābādho uppajji, bāḷhā vedanā vattanti
I'm not sure what you mean about outward quality.So forgive me if I got it wrong.I think being mindful is not the same as remembering your groceries.I can be completely mindful of walking but as long as the thought of grocery doesn't arise I won't remember it.So its more about remembering to stay in the present moment.Also outward characters that shows ...
In one Sutta the Buddha said that one should constantly be mindful of the fact of anicca.
Sure. But you need to understand what the terms really mean.
Mindfulness (sati) means to remember.
Anicca is a wisdom (panna).
Sampajanna means 'situational wisdom', which is applying wisdom to a situation.
Mindfulness must remember to apply wisdom.
the condition for sati is proper attention
I say that mindfulness and situational awareness is fueled by
something, it’s not unfueled. And what is the fuel for mindfulness and
situational awareness? You should say: ‘Proper attention.’
The SN 54.3 linked is not a "simple version". The link is merely abbreviated because the 16 stages are listed in previous suttas.
If per SN 47.20, mindfulness is keeping the mind on the task, since the body breathes automatically via its own nature, how can breathing be a ‘task’ to keep the mind on? There can be no such thing as mindfulness ‘of’ breathing.
Samma Sati is a factor of Noble Eightfold Path. Yonisomanasikara is a factor of Sotapanna. Perhaps Yonisomanasikara is the fruit of following the path. (practicing Satipathana)
Association with people of integrity is a factor for stream-entry.
Listening to the true Dhamma is a factor for stream-entry.
Appropriate attention is a factor for ...
Normal memory is bound up in craving (e.g., "I remember that pretty face"). Or normal memory is bound up in aversion (e.g., "You ALWAYS pick on me!"). Or normal memory is bound up in delusion (e.g., "I want to be like that famous person").
The memory of sati requires awareness without craving, aversion or delusion. That's surprisingly difficult and requires ...
I think the word you're looking for is Anupassanā
[abstr. of anupassati, cf. Sk. anudarśana] looking at, viewing, contemplating, consideration, realisation
It's used in compound words like Kāyānupassanā (and Vedanānupassanā, Cittānupassanā, and Dhammānupassanā).
The fact that the second 'a' in "Kāyānupassanā" is long (i.e. with an accent on it, '...
Yoniso manasikara is investigating or examining something for the purpose of either newly or thoroughly understanding it. For example:
SN 45.62 says yonisomanasikara is the forerunner and precursor for the arising of the Noble Eightfold Path; therefore yonisomanasikara is also the forerunner and precursor for the arising of the 7th factor of the Noble ...
Sati is a factor of concentration. Sati means remembering.
Yonisomanasikara is a factor of wisdom. It means thoroughly examining.
For example, you read or hear Dhamma Teachings. The teachings say you should thoroughly examine & think about the teachings after hearing the teachings. This thoroughly examining & thinking about the teachings is ...
Mindfulness is not "awareness". Mindfulness is remembering, as follows:
When one has heard the Dhamma from such bhikkhus one dwells withdrawn
by way of two kinds of withdrawal—withdrawal of body and withdrawal of
mind. Dwelling thus withdrawn, one recollects (anussarati) that Dhamma and
thinks it over. Whenever, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwelling thus ...
The Buddha is a bit circular on this point:
SN46.51:18.1: And what starves the arising of the awakening factor of mindfulness, or, when it has arisen, starves its full development? There are things that are grounds for the awakening factor of mindfulness. Not frequently focusing on them starves the arising of the awakening factor of mindfulness, or, ...
Zero sati would be insanity: breaking precepts, acting on every urge... A person with zero sati would have less control than that of an animal
An anagami has perfect sati. In fact, an anagami is considered one perfected in consideration. Thus, one with perfect sati would have no desire or aversion: they would be entirely dispassionate.
Zero sati is a sad situation:
AN8.29:7.1: Furthermore, a Realized One has arisen in the world. And a person is reborn in a central country. But they’re witless, dull, stupid, and unable to distinguish what is well said from what is poorly said. This is the seventh lost opportunity …
Yet there is also wrong mindfulness, attending to the unskillful:
According to Abhidhamma, we can do only one thing at a time. (mind or thought-moment) However, as we are not paying attention we think they all happen at once. When you practice Satipathana you will understand this. When you practice Samatha you keep your attention only on the meditation object. In Vipassana you keep your attention only on one bodily ...
Anapanasati has 4 tetrads with 4 steps each making 16 steps in total:
Different Suttas cover all 16 or a subset of them. E.g. Maha Satipattana Sutta / Satipattana Sutta covers only the 1st tetrad.
In this context let go, the translation followed by Piya Tan is:
(16) He trains himself thus: ‘I will breathe in, contemplating the letting go (of defilements)’;