10 votes
Accepted

Did Shakyamuni Buddha say anything in regard to fear

In the Cātumā Sutta (Majjhima Nikāya, 67) Buddha talks about four types of fear in the case of Bhikkus just as there are dangers and hazards in a sea like stormy waves, crocodiles, whirlpools, and ...
Saptha Visuddhi's user avatar
9 votes

What is the definition of passa ?

As per my dictionaries: Phassa (sanskr. sparça): contact, touch, tangibility, tactile sensation, a momentary union of the sense-object, sense-door, and sense-consciousness. It's a standard term ...
Andriy Volkov's user avatar
  • 58k
9 votes
Accepted

Are the terms "yoga" and "yogi" used in Buddhism?

In Tibetan Buddhism, yoga and yogi are rather standard terms. Yoga refers to any focused practice such as e.g. guru-yoga - the practice of venerating one's Buddhist mentor as a means to developing ...
Andriy Volkov's user avatar
  • 58k
7 votes

Is it correct to refer to "Buddha" without "the"

I think "the" Buddha is more normal and more formal. Without "the" sounds to me more casual -- or possibly slightly English-as-a-second-language, as several languages don't use ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.3k
6 votes

What is the definition of passa ?

Some places where it's defined or described: Wikipedia: Sparśa PTS dictionary: Phassa Nyanaponika's dictionary: Phassa Access to Insight: Phassa (contact) Obo's Glossology: Phassa, Phassaharo Phassa ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.3k
6 votes

What is the difference between an arhat, bodhisattva and a buddha?

According to the Prasangika-Madhyamika Mahayana school of Tenets, A Hinayana arhat abandoned afflictive obscurations by way of realizing emptiness, but has not abandoned knowledge obscuration. He as ...
Tenzin Dorje's user avatar
  • 4,946
6 votes
Accepted

What’s the difference between yathābhūta and yathābhūtaṃ?

Yathābhūta is not correct in pali-sentence. We have to put the declension-mark at the end of yathābhūta, such as yathābhūtaṃ, before put it in the sentence. Yathābhūta is adjective/adverb which is ...
Bonn's user avatar
  • 6,187
5 votes

Is Satori the same as Enlightenment?

Mahayana Teachers speak of awakening or enlightenment in two meanings: Awakening as liberation from delusions. Complete awakening. The first one is the experience of "seeing the true nature". I ...
chang zhao's user avatar
  • 1,503
5 votes

Looking for a clear explanation of "interdependent origination" in English (one that doesn't rely a lot of Buddhist terminology)?

The Wikipedia entry on dependent origination is pretty good and simple. Similarly there is a good essay called Dependent Arising by Piya Tan. In simple terms this is as follows: When the cause is ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
5 votes

What does "intention" mean?

It is a mistake, because there are not enough word to translate pali to english. Translation is very dangerous, be careful. I often say, and I will keep to say until we will realize how is weak, which ...
Bonn's user avatar
  • 6,187
5 votes
Accepted

Sanskrit term for a "Buddhist"

The Sanskrit term for Buddhist is bauddha. This derivation is known as a "secondary derivation" (taddhita-pratyaya). An -a suffix is added, and the initial vowel is strengthened. It has the general ...
sujato's user avatar
  • 257
5 votes
Accepted

Do all words belong to conventional truth (Sammuti Sacca)?

All words are like sign posts. The meaning of it is an idea that is in the mind of the person who is speaking it. And the communication will take place if the person who hears it has assigned the same ...
RRR's user avatar
  • 492
5 votes
Accepted

Is the word "samsara" composed of simpler concepts etymologically or otherwise?

If you look up the etymology of samsara, it's composed of "sam" (together) + "sara" (course, motion, stretching out, extension). So, it's "moving or flowing together" ...
ruben2020's user avatar
  • 36.7k
4 votes

What is effluent?

In summary it seems to mean approximately the same thing as a "fetter". There's a definition of āsava in the Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines by Maha Thera Nyanatiloka, which is copied into ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.3k
4 votes
Accepted

How and when did the name "Buddhism" appear?

How and when did the name "Buddhism" appear? I'm not an expert, but here's what I found this evening: the article SCHOPENHAUER AND BUDDHISM by Peter Abelson says, When the tenets of Buddhism ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.3k
4 votes

What is "thukdam"?

Tukdam is a state of meditation that is practiced by highly realized masters of Buddhism. They do go into a near death state that is called Ground Luminosity, generally for 3-4 days. They neither eat ...
Bonnie Topits's user avatar
4 votes

Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma

Well, technically dharma (Pali dhamma) means any tradition (a particular view of the world and a lifestyle passed down through generations) such as, for example, baker dharma, trader dharma, knight ...
Andriy Volkov's user avatar
  • 58k
4 votes
Accepted

The four requisites for trade

The requisites for trade are not requirements for trading, they are four objects which are traded. They are four items which are required for monastic living, namely clothing, food, medicine and ...
Hugh's user avatar
  • 1,603
4 votes

What does "intention" mean?

Cetana is executed by action, speech and thinking. Samma Sankappa - Right Thinking Samma Vaca - Right Speech Samma Kammantha - Right Action So the difference is Cetana includes speech and action ...
Ravindranath Akila's user avatar
4 votes

What is the difference between an arhat, bodhisattva and a buddha?

Arhat - a person who has achieved Nirvana. The Buddha is a Arhat too, there are disciples who learn the Dhamma as Buddha has taught, who become Arhats too. Buddha - on who achieves Nirvana without a ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Taking refuge in practice

Taking refuge can take many forms. You do not have to recite a mantra, although you may find it a helpful means. Taking refuge is as simple as placing your faith in the Buddha, the Dharma, or the ...
Greg Edelston's user avatar
4 votes

Does "Connected Causes" mean the same thing as Dependent Origination?

In discussing things with people it helps to use the terminology they use. So even if 'connected causes' is a better way to explain 'dependent origination' - the latter has become a common phrase in ...
Katinka Hesselink's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What is the meaning of 'acala sukha'?

The PTS dictionary says, Cala (adj.) [see calati] moving, quivering; unsteady, fickle, transient S iv.68 (dhammā calā c' eva vyayā ca aniccā, etc.); J ii.299; iii.381; v.345; Miln 93, 418; Sdhp 430,...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.3k
4 votes
Accepted

What is ariya or noble?

Good householder, although wondering why one who steady teaches others about what is Sublime, Higher, Perfect, ask about the meaning of Ariya... PTS-dictionary: Ariya, (adj. -n.) (Vedic ārya, of ...
Samana Johann's user avatar
4 votes

Hard breath (intentional breath) in Pali

In the beginning, beset by wandering mind, it may be expedient to struggle with the mind, body and breath. MN20:7.2: Tena, bhikkhave, bhikkhunā dantebhidantamādhāya jivhāya tāluṁ āhacca cetasā cittaṁ ...
OyaMist's user avatar
  • 9,312

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