In Sutta pitaka we find two Suttas namely Jhana sutta and Samadhi sutta. What is the difference?



2 Answers 2


Samadhi is a general term for concentration. Jhanas are stages you achieve in Samatha meditation when your concentration reaches a certain level.

To give an analogy, Samadhi is like the temperature of ice. When the temperature reaches a certain level, it becomes water. That's like reaching the first Jhana. If you keep heating, it will become steam. That is like reaching the second Jhana and so on.

  • What are you saying is Samadhi is like the temperature and the Jhan is like the measuring unit of the temperature? How can you explain this by reading Samadhi sutta? According to Samadhi sutta, Jhana is only one aspect of the four described there.
    – SarathW
    Oct 4, 2017 at 11:07
  • It appears Jhana is a lower level of Samadhi.discourse.suttacentral.net/t/…
    – SarathW
    Oct 5, 2017 at 0:34
  • No, the Jhana is like the state of H2O. In this case water, steam. Try to find the Sinhala version of the Sutta here: pitaka.lk It's usually clearer than the English Oct 5, 2017 at 1:55

In tipitaka, buddha and sāvaka often use them as a synonym for each other.

Because when mind has just one focusing (jhayatiti jhāna) is when mind has concentration (samadahatiti samādhi).

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