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When I first started meditating I was very eager to progress. I started with five minutes and added another five with every week. I probably made it to 30 minutes or something when I just quit altogether. It was all quantity-over-quality.

Towards the end there I lost a lot of will and motivation to keep going, I just wanted to do other things. I got bored and I let my mind wander and distract me, not making much effort in bringing the attention back to the stomach. Meditation became a chore and the only reason I kept going was because I didn't want to lose the routine, and also I hoped it was perhaps just a phase or something.

In any case, to make a short story long, I've started meditating again now, 10 minutes at a time and since I have a cold and am tired all day as a result I don't become so restless.

But when can I start adding more time? Will I "feel" it, or is it a question of discipline?

Is it better to meditate poorly than not at all?

If I add time, and find that I get really bored, is it because I'm doing it wrong or is it simply the nature of the mind?

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This answer is based in the practice of insight meditation.

You will know when to begin adding more time to your sitting practice. In the beginning quality is much more important than quantity when it comes to meditation. What does quality mean when it comes to meditation?

Quality means to make an effort to keep the mind in the present moment, so that one can observe the arising and ceasing of phenomena without the mind following after them or running away from them and getting lost.

By keeping the mind in the present moment one ties the monkey down. The mind is like a monkey jumping from branch to branch. By keeping the mind in the present moment is like taking the monkey in the hand and walking him to another area, an area that has only one tree. Now the monkey cannot jump anywhere.

In samsara, conditioned reality, the mind can never be satisfied with anything because all objects are impermanent meaning they cannot bring any lasting and permanent happiness to the mind. So the mind jumps from object to object but everytime it's left with suffering. The hardest thing in the world is actually to do nothing. So don't be too hard on yourself. It's the nature of mind to wander.

The tibetan buddhists have a saying that goes like this: "If the Mind wanders a Thousand times, bring it back a Thousand times".

Step by step we train the mind so that it will not stray from the present moment. It's usually a long process so don't get stressed about it. You might also not see any apparent changes at first but everytime you meditate you are changing something. You are untying the knots, slowly. Don't be fooled by not seeing any changes from day to day or even from week to week. There are changes happening but in the beginning they are subtle.

Results come not from how long one sits but from consistency, diligency and the ability to keep the mind in the present moment. It's like learning to play football. If one only plays once a week one will not improve that fast. If one practices let's say 1 hour every day then the benefits will be more solid and apparent. So to become good at any skill in life, one has to practice consistently.

Don't worry if you sit 30 minutes or 10 minutes everyday, just try to make an effort to do a little bit of meditation every day. Then naturally you will increase your physical and mental stamina and then you can begin to increase your sitting time.

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This answer brought to you by samatha (calm meditation). ;)

We've all heard this metaphor a thousand times. A glass full of muddy water will only settle out once movement is stopped and then only after the passage of some time. There is no way of getting it to settle faster. Any effort made is just going to disturb the water and throw the dirt particles back into a tumble.

When you try to stop activity to achieve passivity your very effort fills you with activity.

Seng-T'san from the Hsin Hsin Ming

It's a bad idea to start labeling your sessions as good meditation and bad meditation. Every sit accomplishes something. The only bad meditation is no meditation. In fact, those sits where your legs hurt and your mind kicking around like a bull in a china shop are far more important initially than those sits where your mind is collected and the breath is easily followed. Those are the times when learning is taking place. Those are the extra five lbs. on the barbell or the two extra reps that end up making you stronger. The restlessness that you are experiencing is actually something to be celebrated! That's your small mind going into panic mode. You are doing something it doesn't like, and like a cornered animal, it's showing it's teeth trying to get you to stop. It's very important that you don't let it scare you away. Set a time - a reasonable time...maybe 15 minutes now - and commit yourself to staying absolutely still on the cushion for that duration. If you can't focus your mind, that's OK. Just remain still. Stillness in your body will eventually translate to stillness in the mind. When you can do that, add a minute or so like you were doing.

Obviously, you can overdo things. It would make no sense at this point for you to start sitting for two hours. Establish a habit first and then build from there. If you can find a meditation group, start sitting with them. Just like it's easier to exercise with another person, it is far easier to sit for lengths of time when you are around other people.

Meditation is not jhana during every sit. Not for a very, very long time anyway. Meditation is frustration. Meditation is failure. But every time you push past that frustration and failure, meditation is growth.

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