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There's an article in English titled Anicca Vata Sankhara in which Bhikkhu Bodhi describes the various meanings of the word. Here are very brief extracts from that article, a summary: The word sankhara is derived from the prefix sam, meaning "together," joined to the noun kara, "doing, making." The suttas distinguish the sankharas ...


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There have always been bad men robed as monks. If we have clear moral discernment, we will avoid them. There are many evil characters and uncontrolled men wearing the saffron robe. These wicked men will be born in states of woe because of their evil deeds. It would be better to swallow a red-hot iron ball, blazing like fire, than as an immoral and ...


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The Pali word ‘sankhara’ has multiple meanings dependent on the context. It can mean: (i) a conditioned thing (formed from various causes or parts); (ii) something that conditions another conditioned thing, i.e., a ‘conditioner’; (iii) the process of conditioning; (iv) the aggregate of mental forming, such as desiring, intention, thinking, etc and (v) mental ...


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Sankhara (samskara, sanskara) is a technical term for assembled phenomena. Why are they called "assembled"? Phenomena are assembled in at least three senses: They are assembled from parts. They are assembled by the coming together of direct causes and ambient conditions necessary for their arising and preventing their disintegration. They are assembled by ...


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Fear is a reoccurring companion on the spiritual path. It doesn't mean that something has gone wrong. The particular fear that you describe seems fairly common, but fears can come in all sorts of shapes and sizes; all sorts of feelings and thoughts. How can I overcome this fear? The overcoming of fear happens when we become curious about it rather than ...


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yes it is not easy. First people say that there are 2 triplets of sankaras : (kayasankhara, vacisankhara, mano sankhara) and (kayasankhara, vacisankhara, cittasankhara). they claim that they are not the same. See http://www.suttavinaya.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Conditioned-Arising-of-Suffering-2018.pdf Citta sankharas are vendana and sanna and they ...


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You can't really remove sankharas, but you can have them wither and fade, as you build new ones. How? By not feeding them with obsessive thinking. The less you think certain thoughts, the more the corresponding sankharas wither and fade. Now, not thinking thoughts is not a matter of suppression, that's too hard. A more practical way is to find a different ...


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The words in SN 38.14 are not even attributed to Buddha, they are Sariputra's. I don't know why Theravada took them as the basis of their analysis. Instead, the authoritative definition of dukkha is found in SN 56.11, the first and main sutra of Buddhism, The Sutra of Setting the Wheel of Dharma in Motion: Now this, wanderers, is the nobles' truth of ...


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The word 'sankhara' has many different meanings. It can mean: "conditioned thing' (something made from causes & conditions; AN 3.134; Dhp 277; SN 22.90) "conditioner' (a condition that conditions/creates another conditioned thing; SN 41.6; MN 44). "conditioning" (the process of conditioning; SN 22.79) aggregate of mental formations (sankhara khandha; SN ...


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That sounds like the simile in AN 3.130 below. This describes three types of individuals and their anger. Anger is a sankhara (volition, mental formation). "Monks, there are these three types of individuals to be found existing in the world. Which three? An individual like an inscription in rock, an individual like an inscription in soil, and an ...


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Most in depth explanations happens in the Abhi Dhamma. There are 52 Cetasikas our of which 50 come under Sankara (with the exception of Feeling and Perception). Explaining the 50 would need a small size book and maybe beyond the scope of an answer in this format hence refer to: Mental Factors By Dharmacharya Ruwan Buddhika, The Abhidhamma in Practice by N.K....


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I think this entire universe is made up of Sankara, which cannot be seen thorough our 5 senses(Vinyana-Perception).Also "San" means collection and "kara" means information. It is the collection of information. Buddha said "Pragnya" eye can see this small particles..Buddha told Rahula, "you and that tree are the same"...it has a nature of "create" and "...


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Gethin, Foundations of Buddhism, footnote 4 on p. 282, lists these sources. Visuddhimagga xvi. 34-5; Digha Nikaya iii. 216; Samyutta Nikaya iv. 259, v. 56; Nettippakarana 12. The Visuddhimagga has them in the Tibetan order, but leaves me a little confused by Equanimous feeling and the remaining formations of the three planes are called suffering ...


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If all five aggregates are indeed saṅkhāras, then what is the aggregate called "formation" (saṅkhāra)? Please read this answer for more info on sankharas based on Bhikkhu Bodhi's essay "Anicca Vata Sankhara". I quote the TL;DR version from that answer: Sankharas are "co-doings," things that act in concert with other things, or things that are made by a ...


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Sankara is conditioning which puts together or makes or forms something. Kaya Sankhara - this what sustains keeps the body together hence the breath. If breathing stops the body falls apart. Vaci Sankhara - this is what sustains the formations of verbal throughs. Before speech thoughts need to form, without them one cannot speak. Citta Sankhara - this is ...


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'Abhisaṅkharoti' refers to 'generating', 'constructing' or 'concocting' using thought, as follows: And why do you call them sankhara (mental formations)? Kiñca, bhikkhave, saṅkhāre vadetha? Sankhara construct conditioned phenomena (sankhatam); that’s why they’re called ‘sankhara’. Saṅkhatamabhisaṅkharontīti kho, bhikkhave, tasmā ‘saṅkhārā’ti vuccati. SN 22....


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skilled practitioners Yes. The second nidana of D.O. is commonly translated as 'volitional factors' or 'choices' The above is wrong. "Volition" is 1st mentioned at nama-rupa. There are three kinds of choices. Choices by way of body, speech, and mind. These are called choices. The Pali is kaya, vaci & citta sankhara, which are defined in MN 44 ...


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Light is movement of photons which vibrate within a certain frequency range and travel at the speed of light. If there there is no one present with eyes to sense light, is there still light? I would say yes. Nibbana is a permanent phenomena (dhamma) which is like light. Even if there are no enlightened ones to experience it, it is still there. From MN 49 ...


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This sounds like the type of philosophical questions that is mentioned in the Acintita Sutta: Conjecture about [the origin, etc., of] the world is an unconjecturable that is not to be conjectured about, that would bring madness & vexation to anyone who conjectured about it. You just cannot speculate on things like this. It will make you mad, says the ...


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Fighting fear makes it grow. Letting go of fear, it will disappear just as it arose. Fear is temporary. Temporary things are not worth clinging to: MN62:3.2: “Rāhula, you should truly see any kind of form at all—past, future, or present; internal or external; coarse or fine; inferior or superior; far or near: all form—with right understanding: ‘This is not ...


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All suffering is defined as attachment to the aggregates therefore all suffering is attachment (MN 56.11). Attachment is a sankhara. The suttas (MN 1) say delight is the root of suffering (nandī dukkhassa mūlan ti). 'Delight' is a synonym for 'attachment' (MN 38 - delight in feelings is attachment - yā vedanāsu nandī tadupādānaṃ). 'Delight' & '...


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Plenty of other things than vedana are dukkha, so you cannot say that dukkha is just vedana. The buddha says that whatever is anicca is dukkha, so the way to find dukkha is to find something anicca, and all the stuff in Dependent Co-Arising are anicca. the buddha says that this is to be known about dukkha: "'Stress should be known. The cause by which ...


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The word 'sankhara' has an extremely wide diversity of meanings. For example, it is used in 'ayu sankhara', which means 'life force' (MN 43); or 'sankhara khandha', which means mental 'aggregate of thinking' (SN 22.79). A Buddha or Arahant has ayu sankhara (DN 16) & sankhara aggregate (SN 22.85) therefore 'sankhara' here does not inherently refer to ...


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-- "Are the five aggregates all saṅkhāras -- are they impermanent and dependently originated?" In my understanding, it's the experience of "my life" that is a saṅkhāra - while the five aggregates (lit. "heaps") are called that because they are an analytical classification of the experience into functional groups, they do not exist as anything separate to ...


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"Is understanding a phenomenon?" Yes. Now you're thinking: "When understanding ceases, I'll fall again into ignorance". No, no my friend. Now you're thinking why? Because: when all phenomena cease, there is no ignorance. Think about it ... How could there be ignorance, if all phenomena ceased?? When all ceases, there is nothing that can be ignorant. ...


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Understanding is caused. Understanding cannot be gained at will. Otherwise we wouldn't have to study, meditate or cultivate the mind. Understanding in reality means a thought or a sequence of thoughts. Thoughts arise and fall all the time. But once you uproot a defilement, it cannot be associated with thoughts again. Once you uproot ignorance, it cannot be ...


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