We’re rewarding the question askers & reputations are being recalculated! Read more.

The Buddhist practice of calming the mind through practices such as mindfulness of breathing and other one pointed practice's. Contrast to Vipassana.

Samatha (Pāli), (Sanskrit: शमथ, śamatha[note 1] is the Buddhist practice (bhavana) of the calming of the mind (citta) and its 'formations' (sankhara). This is done by practicing single-pointed meditation most commonly through mindfulness of breathing. Samatha is common to all Buddhist traditions.

history | excerpt history