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In the video, the speaker said: Vedanta is about Atma (the Self). ... the next word is Sakshi (Witness) ... What is the Self? Is it this bundle of flesh and blood? Is this person in the body? The mind, the intellect, the memory, the likes and dislikes, the knowledge, the person I think I am - is that the Self? Or is it something beyond that? ...


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Buddhism teaches Anatta (not self) and the Nibbana is the final goal. You can't find them in Advaita Vedanta. Buddism also has Noble Eightfold Path with a clear set of instructions as to how to attain Nibbana. In my opinion, it is just more than semantics. The only way to be sure is to study and practice both.


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Not a complete answer (and limited to the US, and speculative at that) but ... re Mahayana: Likely the first introduction of Mahayana to the US came from the importation of Chinese labor used for the construction of the railroads (c 1865). @ 1938 Dwight Gottard's A Buddhist Bible was instrumental in popularizing a mix of Theravada, Mahayana/Zen Buddhism ...


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The middle way -- between annihilationism and eternalism -- does apply to objects. Objects are neither existent nor not existent. They are interpretative imputations made on the basis of multiple causes and conditions temporarily coming together in their non-stop motion, transformation, and interaction. Objects we have consciousness of are not "made of" ...


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