17

There are lot of archaeological evidence align with Buddha's life story. I think those can be considered as the most trusted third party evidence. Here I am listing some of the web search findings. Archaeologists working in Nepal have uncovered evidence of a structure at the birthplace of the Buddha dating to the sixth century B.C. This is the first ...


8

I guess for something that happened such a long time ago you would struggle to prove it categorically. However I read that a shrine was uncovered at Lumbini (one of the candidates for the Buddha's birthplace) which dates to around the Buddha's time. This is taken to provide some kind of corroboration to the Buddha's life story. Also the early texts do ...


7

To answer your very simple question very simply: there is no contemporary evidence for the Buddha, or for Jesus, or Muhammad, or Moses, or Zoroaster. This does not mean that these people did not exist, it just means that there is no confirmation of their existence in contemporary sources.


6

There's emperor Ashoka (304–232 BCE), who after a war in which a lot of people were slaughtered, decided to endorse Buddhism, having realized that what he did was wrong. He erected a bunch of columns (The Pillars of Ashoka) on which several inscriptions (The Edicts of Ashoka) are to be found with his view on Buddhism. These were erected after about one ...


5

One of my teachers explicitly warned me: do not put too much trust in books written by Buddhist scholars unless they were authorized to teach by a lineage. In hindsight, having attained "independence of others in regards to Buddha's message", I now see why: Buddhist texts are ambiguous enough that correct interpretation of the points made (as opposed to the ...


5

A good example is Asoka who ruled most of the India subcontinent between 269 BCE to 232 BCE. He converted to Buddhism after witnessing the slaughter at Kalinga, a slaughter that he was responsible for. A rock inscription made at the time details this. His Majesty feels remorse on account of the conquest of Kalinga because, during the subjugation of a ...


5

The sacred Tooth relic of the Buddha Hindus consider the Buddha as an Avatar of Vishnu. Mahawamsa the great Chronicle of Sri Lanka gives an account of the Buddha's 3 visits to Sri Lanka. Apart from those, we have the sacred Tooth relic of the Buddha in Kandy. We also have the sacred footprint of the Buddha at the top of mount Siripada. Also, lord Buddha's ...


5

On the one hand, there is logic which is a set of rules for making deductions, inductions, etc. Even in the West, there are various. For instance, (1) classical logic and (2) intuitionistic logic. I believe that they have different ways of dealing with the law of excluded middle. I used to study more philosophy of logic than logic itself, and there are great ...


5

Any teaching that has one or more of the following elements is not the authentic Dhamma: eternalism (god or self or soul or world is eternal) annihilationism (there is no self and nothing after death) an independent, standalone and eternal entity or agent at the core of all experience (the self or the soul) extreme asceticism extreme sensual indulgence does ...


5

In United States, the ones I have heard something nice about, that offer a professional program in Buddhist Studies: University of Virginia - Department of Religious Studies. Very strong Indo-Tibetan Buddhism school. University of Hawaii - Department of Religion. Very strong Chinese/Japanese Buddhism school. Columbia University (New York) - Department of ...


4

As Ven. Yuttadhammo said, this question definitely generates more opinions then answers. I will attempt to show what the Buddha himself talks about the goals of his creation. Maha-parinibbana Sutta: Last Days of the Buddha "For the Blessed One, O Lord, spoke these words to me: 'I shall not come to my final passing away, Evil One, until my bhikkhus and ...


4

OK, I'll have a go, based on my (re-)reading of Wallis himself at his "What Is Non-Buddhism?" page. First, I have to say that one possibility is, it's an elaborate joke or hoax. The page says almost nothing substantial, except to offer analogies with non-Euclidean geometry or Laruelle. He says mostly what non-Buddhism is like and what it is not, but very ...


4

I am an Abhidhamma teacher and used to be a software programmer. Your suggestion is very noble and innovative. I am not sure that the sensing process / thinking process found in the commentaries is the right starting point for such a software program. My impression is that the sensing process / thinking process were developed to show how sensing and ...


4

... reconcile with modern science? ... Modern science is always changing with new theories and discoveries but Buddhism is presented as eternal or timeless which is valid in the past, present and future. Hence these two cannot be fully reconciled. Since is refinement of theories and models getting closer to the truth while Buddhism is based on publically ...


4

I think this question has a great potential for misunderstanding the concept of Nibbana. Why is it important to know? There is no way to know if Nibbana is just another silly concept like God except you have experienced what this word is pointing to. If there is the claim that somebody else is 'enlightened' it doesn't really change the fact that you simply ...


4

This article goes through the catuskoti - the fourfold statemnt of 'is, is not, both is and neither' - and attempts to put Buddhist logic into 20th century Western logical terms. https://aeon.co/essays/the-logic-of-buddhist-philosophy-goes-beyond-simple-truth The Buddha would not have accepted the three classical laws of logic imo: The law of identity: 'X=...


4

Buddhist logic is to acknowledge that there is suffering. Buddhist logic is to acknowledge that there are causes to these suffering. Buddhist logic is to acknowledge that it is possible to be free from all suffering. Buddhist logic is to acknowledge that there are paths that lead one to be free from all suffering.


4

The article shown by @llya Grushevskiy is discuss very interesting logic. Some extracts from it gives bellow. ... The four original possibilities, {T}, {F}, {T, F} and {}, as t, f, b and n, respectively....And now there is a fifth possible value – none of the above, ineffable, that which lies beyond language. Call it i, .... We started with ...


4

Wikipedia says, about Vietnam: Followers in Vietnam practice differing traditions without any problem or sense of contradiction. Few Vietnamese Buddhists would identify themselves as a particular kind of Buddhism, as a Christian might identify him or herself by a denomination, for example. ... and goes on describe aspects of Vietnamese Buddhist practice. ...


4

I would say that Jhanas are the final stages of the progressive development of the state of inner harmony, that is the Buddhist path. The entire Buddhist path is based on one principle, that psychological discomfort comes from inner conflict and that therefore eliminating inner conflict leads to inner harmony. Secondarily, outer conflict leads to inner ...


4

In the book "Buddhist Ceremonies and Rituals of Sri Lanka" by A.G.S. Kariyawasam, there is a sub-chapter on the Pirit Ceremony which states: Pirit (or paritta) is a collective term designating a set of protective chants or runes sanctioned by the Buddha for the use of both lay-men and bhikkhus. Pirit-chanting is a very popular ceremony among the ...


4

The word Buddhist is a convention. All words are mere conventions. They have no inherent existence. They are subject to change over time. In fact, it would be an impossible mode of existence for them not to change over time. They are not fixed and rigid things endowed with an inherent meaning in some impossible platonic existence. It is not possible for the ...


3

They are said to be located from a certain distance from the human realm. ex: The closest heaven to us is the Chaturmaharajika heaven. It is located 42,000 Yojjanas above from the human realm. But the tree devas and certain Asuras/Yakkas also belong to this heaven. The closest hell realm 'Sanjiva' is located 15,000 Yojjanas below the human realm. Refer to ...


3

Originally the Catuṣkoṭi or Tetralemma was just an indication of all possible combinations of two predicates, and obviously, if these two predicates don't contradict, there is no problem. Now, the Buddha himself does make seemingly contradictory statements, like when he refuses to answer the questions of Vacchagotta in SN 44.10, who asks first whether there ...


3

Asoka. But we know so little about what he did. His pillars say he introduced Buddhist-influenced, incredibly progressive public policies. Emperor Wu of Liang- But I'm having a hard time finding good sources, I guess they didn't keep great records in 500CE It sounds like many of the stories about him were embellishments. ref: http://khyentsefoundation.org/...


3

There are two Pali words that seem relevant to this question: Kalika meaning "related to time" Akalika meaning "not related to time" There's a definition of the words here in this 'glossology': Akalika -- Timelessness, A synonym for Arahantship, An attribute of the Dhamma It suggests two meanings for kalika: Two events can be said to kalika when they are ...


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