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Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use. Specifically this will include requests for clarification of Buddhist terms and comparisons of terms within or between traditions.

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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Was the Buddha harsh?

"And to whom, worthless man, do you understand me to have taught the Dhamma like that? Haven't I, in many ways, said of dependently co-arisen consciousness, 'Apart from a requisite condition, there is ...
0 votes
2 answers
123 views

what is Mahaggataṃ citam? is it related to out of body experience?

the typical translation of Mahaggataṃ citam is , exalted , or expanded mind? and in MN 127...two types of cetovimutti described. (1)mahaggatā cetovimutti (expanded freedom of mind) it related to ...
2 votes
4 answers
165 views

Why is it called "Nama" as in namarupam?'

Nama, as in namarupa, the designation of 'feeling, perception, attention, intention & contact', why do they call these 'Nama'? Some clues or points to keep in mind; intention (cetana) is kamma ...
4 votes
3 answers
175 views

Does Theravadin analysis distinguish between implicative and absolute negations?

In Beacon of Certainty (tr. Pettit), Mipham Rinpoche addresses key questions about how to practice based on Madhyamaka philosophy. The first question has to do with distinguishing absolute negation ...
8 votes
5 answers
653 views

Conventional versus Ultimate

People sometimes qualify their statements, by adding the word, "conventionally" — and people distinguish between Conventional Truth (Sammuti Sacca) versus Ultimate Truth (Paramattha Sacca). ...
14 votes
9 answers
13k views

Why does the Buddha call himself the Tathāgata?

Questions in the title. What is the significance of this term and how it is used by the Buddha in the suttas?
1 vote
3 answers
144 views

Who said "life is suffering"?

I'm wondering if anything is known about the origin of this formulation, which is ostensibly a summary of the first noble truth: "Life is suffering" Beyond whether this is a poor summary ...
1 vote
3 answers
647 views

Kamma and sankharas

Can kamma and sankharas be considered as synonyms? And if not, which are the differences between both? Which is the relationship between them?
2 votes
2 answers
185 views

Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma

Are the words Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma synonyms? Or are there hidden differences between between both? Are these words used in different circumstances?
2 votes
4 answers
825 views

Are the terms "yoga" and "yogi" used in Buddhism?

Are the terms "yoga" and "yogi" used in Buddhism? Are they in the Pali Canon? If yes, please quote them. Are they used in other traditions like Tibetan Buddhism? If they are used ...
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is New Age Buddhism?

I've noticed that we have a tag on the site for New Age Buddhism which has a couple of questions associated with it (one more now I've asked this!). What is New Age Buddhism though. Can anyone give a ...
3 votes
5 answers
237 views

Is the word "samsara" composed of simpler concepts etymologically or otherwise?

Looking up the word samsara, or the Wiki page leads to the same definition you see most places: The endless cycle of birth, existence and death. However, that is a lot of concept to pack into one ...
9 votes
5 answers
9k views

What is idle chatter?

In AN 10.176 idle chatter is defined as He speaks in season, speaks what is factual, what is in accordance with the goal, the Dhamma, & the Vinaya. He speaks words worth treasuring, ...
1 vote
1 answer
83 views

A text where The Blessed One calls "a monk" a 'householder'?

I recall reading a text where Buddha addressed a supposed monk saying "householder". If i recall correctly, the monk said that he wasn't a householder and Buddha explained the meaning of ...
1 vote
3 answers
166 views

An example of Papañca?

Is the following anyhow related to 'Papañca' in the apparent 'proliferation' as you understand it? And which are the 18 craving-verbalizations dependent on what is internal? There being 'I am,' there ...
0 votes
2 answers
138 views

Namarupa as 'mentality & materiality', why or why not?

I see some teachers express 'namarupam' as 'mentality & materiality' and want to hear what you have to say on this matter.
3 votes
1 answer
68 views

Are the titles “lama” and “rinpoche” given or self-proclaimed?

Are the titles “lama” and “rinpoche”, referring to a Buddhist teacher or leader, titles that are granted? Or are they titles that someone can give themselves? Or both? By “granted” I mean they require ...
8 votes
7 answers
3k views

What is a pandaka?

I can understand that within the social context of the historical Buddha, being homosexual or bisexual could have possibly been damaging to the Sangha's image as there is still a lot of gay/bisexual/...
2 votes
2 answers
56 views

What does the word Bodhi mean etymologically?

Looking up the Pali bodhi leads to Sanskrit bodhi, which says "perfect knowledge or wisdom", from Proto-Indo European "to be awake". Perfect wisdom and being awake are not the same ...
1 vote
3 answers
126 views

Should dukkha be translated as `being unexpected`?

Dukkha is traditionally translated as suffering, but I heard from a scholar of Eastern history that it's better translated as being unexpected. In my interpretation (not just in what I heard), that ...
1 vote
3 answers
99 views

Hard breath (intentional breath) in Pali

When your mind is wandering during Anapana, you may use "Hard Breath" (intentional breath). What is the Pali word for this technique? What is the Pali text explaining this "hard breath&...
2 votes
2 answers
78 views

Word that refers to a "second chance" or redemption?

Is there a specific word in Buddhism that refers to a "second chance" or perhaps redemption?
7 votes
10 answers
10k views

What is Nirodha?

I came across the concept of Nirodha in the book The Meditative Mind by Daniel Goleman. I think it's originally from the Visuddhimagga. In the book it seems to be placed above Nirvana in the path of ...
0 votes
5 answers
363 views

So what is a Buddhist and what makes a person a Buddhist?

In brief Devadatta was Buddha's cousin and a monk. He could fly, tried to kill the Buddha, did many bad things and went to hell. Devadatta did not understand dependent origination correctly; essence ...
2 votes
1 answer
310 views

What is the, "Counterfeit Law" as referenced in Lotus Sutra

In the Lotus Sutra, (Burton Watson translation) there is often mention of "the counterfeit law" being propigated for so-and-so number of small kalpas. I will give an exerpt below, but what exactly is ...
0 votes
5 answers
177 views

What is ariya or noble?

What is ariya or noble? This term is used in multiple places like Four Noble Truths (cattāri ariyasaccāni), Noble Eightfold Path (ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga), noble sangha (ariya saṅgha).
2 votes
4 answers
880 views

Is it correct to refer to "Buddha" without "the"

Wikipedia uses "the Buddha" to refer to the founder while a book uses "Buddha" without the definite article. from "Meetings with Remarkable People By Osho" Is it correct ...
0 votes
2 answers
58 views

Personal Geospatial Placement perspective terminology

What would be the proper terminology to define the different geospatial perspectives of myself? If I envision myself inside my body viewing an experience in front of me, such as when I watch a movie, ...
14 votes
8 answers
4k views

What is Navayana Buddhism?

Recently, I found out there is a new branch of Buddhism called the Navayana. I read the article on Wikipedia but it did not say too much. What is Navayana Buddhism and what type of practices does it ...
4 votes
3 answers
136 views

Sati • Yonisomanasikara

Dearest friends, seeking to clarify my fragmentary understanding of these matters, I would very much appreciate your comments on the distinction between Sati Mindfulness and Yonisomanasikara Attention ...
2 votes
4 answers
420 views

Can you explain "Wishlessness" (one of the Three Doors of Liberation)?

I am particularly interested in the relation between Wishlessness and Love. As far as I understand Wishlessness means that there is no suffering or ignorance as such. I'm mainly guiding myself by this ...
6 votes
2 answers
4k views

What are the Pali or Sanskrit words for these things?

I think I know some of these, but the rest are a translation muddle. The west seems to not attempt to translate nirvana, sangha, dharma, mantra, mudra, buddha, bodhisattva (and probably a few more) ...
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is Satori the same as Enlightenment?

Is the Zen term Satori the same as enlightenment or does it have different nuances or emphasis over what is commonly meant by enlightenment in non-Zen texts. If it is the same then why is used at all. ...
19 votes
3 answers
1k views

Are Vajrayana and Tibetan Buddhism the same thing?

This is a hugely amateurish question, for which I apologize, but: are Vajrayana and Tibetan Buddhism the same thing? If not, how are they related? In particular, does the term "Tibetan Buddhism" ...
2 votes
2 answers
434 views

What’s the difference between yathābhūta and yathābhūtaṃ?

I’ve been reading about this term and have found it written in both ways. I don’t know if the difference is related to some kind of verb form.
1 vote
4 answers
466 views

What is today’s equivalent of a world system?

Buddhism mentions “world systems.” What’s the equivalent terminology for a world system in the parlance of contemporary astrophysics?
8 votes
4 answers
480 views

If one's inner monologue stops forever, is one necessarily an arahant?

Question in the title. I'm looking for answers citing either canonical scripture or the position of any particular school of Buddhism. The inner monologue in the question could also be read as mental ...
11 votes
7 answers
5k views

What is the difference between Vijñāna, Manas and Citta?

Together they refer to one's mental processes as a whole. Separately, what are they and how are they different?
2 votes
4 answers
417 views

The pali word for this concept

I'm wondering if pali has a specifically designated word for the view that the outer world is a reflection of one's own life state, not the other way around. Additionally, I am wondering if there ...
6 votes
4 answers
298 views

Is Theravada Buddhism the only modern representative of Hinayana Buddhism?

Apologies for the term Hinayana but this question is borne out of those discussions. So - is Theravada Buddhism the only modern representative on Hinayana Buddhism or are there another current ...
1 vote
2 answers
211 views

Sanskrit and Pali roots

What is the Best , online Sanskrit-English dictionary. I want to do research on the early root meanings and usage of certain Buddhist words in early India. Say 5,000 years ago, or at least, 3,000 ...
11 votes
4 answers
8k views

What is the difference between samadhi and samatha?

I am in the habit of getting the concepts samatha and samadhi mixed up. To me they seem like related or even similar concepts. Is that correct? My understanding is that samatha seems like the process ...
2 votes
1 answer
64 views

Breach of precept term

What is the Pali or Sanskrit term for a breach of a precept? I have checked http://dictionary.tamilcube.com/pali-dictionary.aspx and found breach of morality defined as sīlabheda . Is there a broader ...
0 votes
1 answer
166 views

Do all words belong to conventional truth (Sammuti Sacca)?

"Sanketa vacanam saccam - loka sammuti karanam Paramattha vacanam saccam - dhammanam tathalakkhanam" According to the above quote, all the words (cenventional truth) made by living beings using any ...
1 vote
1 answer
632 views

What is meant by ‘threefold bliss’ in the “verses of sharing and aspiration”

What is meant by the “threefold bliss” in the verses of sharing and aspiration: Through the goodness that arises from my practice, May my spiritual teachers and guides of great virtue, My ...
3 votes
3 answers
675 views

What is perfect virtue?

I know of the Buddha nature and I am familiar with the concept of reincarnation so I am not really looking for those two concept as a immediate answer but I seek more of a answer pertaining to ...
1 vote
3 answers
708 views

What is the difference between mindfulness and detachment?

From Mindfulness: Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, which one can develop through the practice of meditation and ...
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Is dhammakaya a synonym of 'real nature of things'?

Is it correct to say that dhammakaya (the sum of all Buddha's teachings) is a synonym of 'the real nature of reality'?
2 votes
2 answers
96 views

Do the words Sacred, Divine and Spiritual have any context in Buddhism?

Edit: *In our lay following of the path of Dhamma we need an external object of veneration and an external connotation to actions, which gives it a positive meaning, to help us stick to the actions. ...
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

What is the difference between mano and citta? [duplicate]

What is the difference between the Pali-words mano and citta