Skip to main content

Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use. Specifically this will include requests for clarification of Buddhist terms and comparisons of terms within or between traditions.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is effluent?

The Brahmana Sutta, for example, mentions "effluent": So it is with an arahant whose mental effluents are ended ... Or in Adhimutta, One gone to the far shore without clinging without ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
16 votes
2 answers
1k views

English (or other European) translations of Pali Canon

Perhaps this should be closed as a 'shopping' question, but maybe translations take a long time to make and therefore there are not too many of them, and they don't go out of date quickly. The ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
14 votes
6 answers
2k views

What are the differences/similarities in the concept of faith as used in Buddhism and Christianity?

There is the concept of faith (śraddhā) in Buddhism. There is also the concept of faith found in Christianity. Both concepts have been translated into the English word faith but in what ways are the ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
11 votes
7 answers
5k views

What is the difference between Vijñāna, Manas and Citta?

Together they refer to one's mental processes as a whole. Separately, what are they and how are they different?
user70's user avatar
  • 1,805
14 votes
9 answers
13k views

Why does the Buddha call himself the Tathāgata?

Questions in the title. What is the significance of this term and how it is used by the Buddha in the suttas?
Sāmaṇera Jayantha's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
944 views

What does Nonduality correspond to in Buddhism?

There is not [was not] a tag for nonduality. Would someone please make a correspondence between nonduality and Buddhism as to "stage" or "attainment", qualifications, or whatever is applicable? EDIT: ...
user avatar
5 votes
9 answers
6k views

What does deathless mean?

The word "deathless" is used sometimes. What does it mean? Are there non-obvious or non-English meanings to the words translated as 'death' and/or 'deathless'? Similarly what does "attaining the ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
7 votes
5 answers
510 views

Is there a better term than Hinayana?

I'm aware that using the term Hinayana isn't ideal as it has derogatory undertones - being coined by the Mahayana school to differentiate themselves from what had gone on before. The implication being ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
8 votes
5 answers
650 views

Conventional versus Ultimate

People sometimes qualify their statements, by adding the word, "conventionally" — and people distinguish between Conventional Truth (Sammuti Sacca) versus Ultimate Truth (Paramattha Sacca). ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
6 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is Sat-Dharma?

In this answer Sat-Dharma is referred to. I can kind of get the meaning from the context but what exactly is Sat-Dharma? What is the 'Sat' part. Why not just refer to the Dharma? Does it have ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
16 votes
5 answers
1k views

What exactly is Jhana?

What exactly is the theory of jhana, how does it come about and how does it relate to the buddhist practice and everyday life? feel free to answer in depth.
Anatta34811's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between craving and clinging?

Considering the 12 nidanas Ignorance Mental Volitions Consciousness "Name" and "Form" The six senses Contact Feelings Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Suffering and Death What is the difference ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
5 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is tathata?

Tathata has been described as the ultimate goal of Buddhism. What is tathata? What is the closest thing we experience in everyday life close to tathata? How can we attain knowledge of tathata?
user3547's user avatar
  • 265
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Was the Buddha harsh?

"And to whom, worthless man, do you understand me to have taught the Dhamma like that? Haven't I, in many ways, said of dependently co-arisen consciousness, 'Apart from a requisite condition, there is ...
user avatar
9 votes
7 answers
1k views

What are the three marks of existence?

What are the three marks of existence and where are they found in the canon? Is there any fundamental differences in interpretation among the different traditions?
user70's user avatar
  • 1,805
7 votes
3 answers
5k views

What is the difference between an arhat, bodhisattva and a buddha?

What is the difference between an arhat, a bodhisattva and a buddha? References to the scriptures would be most helpful. I'm open to both Theravada and Mahayana perspectives.
Kyoma's user avatar
  • 295
7 votes
10 answers
10k views

What is Nirodha?

I came across the concept of Nirodha in the book The Meditative Mind by Daniel Goleman. I think it's originally from the Visuddhimagga. In the book it seems to be placed above Nirvana in the path of ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
6 votes
3 answers
367 views

What are 'suttas of indirect meaning' in the Pali canon?

This subsection of Wikipedia's Two Truths article says that the "two truths" distinction is not made in the suttas, but that there are some "suttas of indirect meaning". Two ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
5 votes
5 answers
479 views

What does "intention" mean?

I see two Pali words which are translated into English as "intention": Cetanā used in the definition of karma Sankappa used in the definition of the Noble Eightfold Way. Do these two words mean ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k
2 votes
3 answers
278 views

What is the meaning of *suffering*?

What is the meaning of the word suffering or (pali) dukkha when it is referred to in topics around Dhamma and Vinaya or Buddhism?
user avatar
8 votes
7 answers
3k views

What is a pandaka?

I can understand that within the social context of the historical Buddha, being homosexual or bisexual could have possibly been damaging to the Sangha's image as there is still a lot of gay/bisexual/...
Colburn Paul Clark's user avatar
8 votes
6 answers
3k views

Is Satori the same as Enlightenment?

Is the Zen term Satori the same as enlightenment or does it have different nuances or emphasis over what is commonly meant by enlightenment in non-Zen texts. If it is the same then why is used at all. ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
7 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is dry insight?

Following up from this answer - What is 'dry insight' exactly and how does it work. Is it a practice that someone will activity engage in or is it something that just happens to someone - a flash of ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
6 votes
5 answers
6k views

Meaning of 'kalapas'

What did the Buddha really meant with 'kalapas' (those ultra small particles of existence, that arise and pass away at an incredible speed)? Is there a correlation between those kalapas and the ...
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between kilesas and asavas?

What is the difference between kilesas and asavas? Or are they synonyms?
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
743 views

Why is the first lines of the Dhammapada twin verses sometimes translated using the word 'heart'?

In most of the translations of the Dhammapada I have read the first lines of the Twin Verses (first chapter) are rendered using the words mind or thoughts. For instance this translation by ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
8 votes
3 answers
968 views

What is the definition of passa ?

The answer on this question mentions passa in the comments. Having never encountered the term in my studies, what is an overview of the term? What school of Buddhism does it originate from?
hellyale's user avatar
  • 2,527
6 votes
4 answers
806 views

In the five paramitas, what is patience and why is it on the list?

I understand the English dictionary definition of patience, the ability to wait. When reading about the paramitas, it seems like this word in the original language covered forbearance, i.e. the ...
MatthewMartin's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
412 views

Tathagatagarbha and dhammakaya

Can we consider 'tathagatagarbha' and 'dhammakaya' as synonyms? If not, what is the difference between those words.
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
296 views

Is Theravada Buddhism the only modern representative of Hinayana Buddhism?

Apologies for the term Hinayana but this question is borne out of those discussions. So - is Theravada Buddhism the only modern representative on Hinayana Buddhism or are there another current ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
6 votes
4 answers
651 views

What is attachment as per Buddhism?

Is attachment some kind of love? Parental love, a smile that comes when we get a glance of a toddler, when we spent money on good for our beloved one's then that time what is it? As per my perception ...
jitin's user avatar
  • 1,504
4 votes
4 answers
1k views

Trouble understanding the notion of interconnectedness

I started meditating regularly a few months agowith the aim of practising mindfulness, primarily using Headspace. I also read Sam Harris' Waking Up and listened to the Science of Mindfulness ...
Greg Slodkowicz's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
130 views

Buddhist point of view in the research process

I'm looking for some texts where the Buddha explains the nature of mind in relation with the process of learning/researching. I was reading a quote by a famous mathematician known to be very ...
Abellan's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
4 answers
497 views

What does the word "world" mean in the Buddhist context?

The Hemawatha Sutta Is a (very old)? sutta in "Sutha Nipatha" of KN, Just after the first sermon of "Dammachakka". 'Hemawata' (General of yakka's ) is also a listener of that. He ...
Shrawaka's user avatar
  • 1,601
2 votes
2 answers
434 views

What’s the difference between yathābhūta and yathābhūtaṃ?

I’ve been reading about this term and have found it written in both ways. I don’t know if the difference is related to some kind of verb form.
Oscar's user avatar
  • 23
14 votes
8 answers
4k views

What is Navayana Buddhism?

Recently, I found out there is a new branch of Buddhism called the Navayana. I read the article on Wikipedia but it did not say too much. What is Navayana Buddhism and what type of practices does it ...
DharmaEater's user avatar
  • 2,189
9 votes
6 answers
1k views

What, precisely, is kamma/karma?

In Buddhist doctrine there is always the problem, that for the sake of understandability, certain concepts are being presented in a solid, substantial way, while actually, one has to keep in the back ...
zwiebel's user avatar
  • 1,584
6 votes
2 answers
4k views

What are the Pali or Sanskrit words for these things?

I think I know some of these, but the rest are a translation muddle. The west seems to not attempt to translate nirvana, sangha, dharma, mantra, mudra, buddha, bodhisattva (and probably a few more) ...
MatthewMartin's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
631 views

How can you translate nibbida?

How can you translate or define nibbida in English?
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
354 views

Nine different ways the word ‘Mind’ is used?

I was reading a comment on this answer and it mentioned the word mind being used in nine different ways. Comment below : If you learn to apply episteme, the way Foucault, Derrida, and Kant had ...
hellyale's user avatar
  • 2,527
6 votes
1 answer
138 views

What is "stream"

The question is really just that - "What is stream"? I've recently found this forum, and recently started reading some Buddhist scriptures, and I've seen the term a few times and have no ...
Anton's user avatar
  • 819
4 votes
1 answer
188 views

What is the Buddhist term for each moment being subtlety unique?

Read it a long time back, I remember it had something to do with someone meditating in a field of grass, and watching the wind go through the individual blades of grass and how they swayed. It was a ...
hellyale's user avatar
  • 2,527
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between love, compassion, sympathy and empathy in Buddhism?

The Buddha has been said to be compassion however i have not seen compassion described. What does it mean to be compassionate? How is it different to love, sympathy and empathy?
Motivated's user avatar
  • 1,830
3 votes
3 answers
583 views

What is the appropriate use for the term bhante?

I've noticed on the site that quite a few people address Yuttadhammo as bhante. I'm aware that this means teacher. However in my sangha (Triratna Buddhist Community) the term is used differently. ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
3 votes
5 answers
1k views

What is New Age Buddhism?

I've noticed that we have a tag on the site for New Age Buddhism which has a couple of questions associated with it (one more now I've asked this!). What is New Age Buddhism though. Can anyone give a ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
  • 21.1k
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

The proper meaning of Bhagava

What is the real meaning of Bhagava? Or are there any multiple meanings? Sutta references are appreciated. -Metta
Akila Hettiarachchi's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
687 views

Sanskrit term for a "Buddhist"

What is the Sanskrit term for a person who is a follower of the Buddha, i.e. a "Buddhist"? Things I tried: I searched online but couldn't find anything. I looked in the only Sanskrit I have access to,...
Pema Dondrub's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
96 views

Canonical definition of Upekkha

Where can I find a canonical definition of equanimity (upekkha) in the Theravada buddhist texts?
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
185 views

Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma

Are the words Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma synonyms? Or are there hidden differences between between both? Are these words used in different circumstances?
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
216 views

Spacious versus Empty

This comment says, True the world becomes more SPACIOUS when we focus on the moment and thus see that to save one life is to save the world. This is why it is important to translate spaciousness as ...
ChrisW's user avatar
  • 46.5k