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Questions tagged [terminology]

The study of terms and their use. Specifically this will include requests for clarification of Buddhist terms and comparisons of terms within or between traditions.

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Sanskrit and Pali roots

What is the Best , online Sanskrit-English dictionary. I want to do research on the early root meanings and usage of certain Buddhist words in early India. Say 5,000 years ago, or at least, 3,000 ...
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1answer
57 views

Breach of precept term

What is the Pali or Sanskrit term for a breach of a precept? I have checked http://dictionary.tamilcube.com/pali-dictionary.aspx and found breach of morality defined as sīlabheda . Is there a broader ...
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1answer
72 views

Do all words belong to conventional truth (Sammuti Sacca)?

"Sanketa vacanam saccam - loka sammuti karanam Paramattha vacanam saccam - dhammanam tathalakkhanam" According to the above quote, all the words (cenventional truth) made by living beings using any ...
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1answer
100 views

What is meant by ‘threefold bliss’ in the “verses of sharing and aspiration”

What is meant by the “threefold bliss” in the verses of sharing and aspiration: Through the goodness that arises from my practice, May my spiritual teachers and guides of great virtue, My ...
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3answers
93 views

What is the difference between mindfulness and detachment?

From Mindfulness: Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, which one can develop through the practice of meditation and ...
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2answers
61 views

Do the words Sacred, Divine and Spiritual have any context in Buddhism?

Edit: *In our lay following of the path of Dhamma we need an external object of veneration and an external connotation to actions, which gives it a positive meaning, to help us stick to the actions. ...
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4answers
127 views

Would a true Buddhist engage in the No True Scotsman fallacy?

The No true Scotsman fallacy is a rhetorical trick to avert criticism of a generalization by appealing to the impurity of counterexamples i.e., "no true Scotsman would do such a thing!" My question ...
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2answers
154 views

What’s the difference between yathābhūta and yathābhūtaṃ?

I’ve been reading about this term and have found it written in both ways. I don’t know if the difference is related to some kind of verb form.
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1answer
82 views

The feeling that one is constantly one step away from enlightenment

The feeling that one is constantly one step away from enlightenment: does it have a Buddhist term for it? Pejorative or otherwise. So I've heard of beginner's mind, but I doubt it covers it.
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6answers
169 views

How can the term “spirit” be translated into Buddhist doctrine?

How can the term "spirit" be translated into Buddhist doctrine? If I may just copy paste the definition: Moreover, could be mean anything unconditioned, permanent, or in some way separate from the ...
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2answers
146 views

Understanding beginningless

I often see the word beginning-less in Buddhist readings and on this site but how do I try to understand this concept being the ignorant human being I am? Is it just a metaphorical way to describe a ...
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2answers
175 views

What is the meaning of 'acala sukha'?

What is the exact meaning of 'acala sukha'? Is it mentioned in the Pali-canon? If so, where ? In what context ?
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What is the difference between mano and citta? [duplicate]

What is the difference between the Pali-words mano and citta
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2answers
64 views

Vedana: does it include feeling sleepy, dizzy, alert…

I am a (somewhat lackadaisical) follower of S.N. Goenka's meditation teachings. After a couple of 10-day retreats and reading some articles such as this: http://www.vridhamma.org/Why-Vedana-and-What-...
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4answers
328 views

Sanskrit term for a “Buddhist”

What is the Sanskrit term for a person who is a follower of the Buddha, i.e. a "Buddhist"? Things I tried: I searched online but couldn't find anything. I looked in the only Sanskrit I have access to,...
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2answers
153 views

Pronounce the word “Buddh” - phonetics

What is the phonetic of the word "Buddh" spoken in time 21:47 to 21:48 minutes of this video. I am a novice in phonetics. The phonetic of the word Buddha is wriiten as [bud̪ːʱə] in this wikipedia ...
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4answers
599 views

The proper meaning of Bhagava

What is the real meaning of Bhagava? Or are there any multiple meanings? Sutta references are appreciated. -Metta
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1answer
62 views

Is dhammakaya a synonym of 'real nature of things'?

Is it correct to say that dhammakaya (the sum of all Buddha's teachings) is a synonym of 'the real nature of reality'?
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Why deos 'rebirth' imply there is no soul? [duplicate]

Buddhists avoid 'reincarnation' instead of 'rebirth'. Especially if we don't mean rebirth into an intermediate state, the term 'reincarnation', to me, seems OK. Why does 'rebirth' imply there is no ...
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2answers
204 views

Buddha's Power of Seeing Other Beings Mind

What is the proper Pali word for Buddha's power of seeing other beings mind? I think it starts with Paricitta or something. I want the proper Pali term. Also, can I have any sutta references to it as ...
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2answers
221 views

Nine different ways the word ‘Mind’ is used?

I was reading a comment on this answer and it mentioned the word mind being used in nine different ways. Comment below : If you learn to apply episteme, the way Foucault, Derrida, and Kant had ...
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1answer
92 views

What does Robert M. Pirsig's “Quality” correspond to in Buddhism?

The concept of "Quality" relates to the direct experience of the moment, as described in the book Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. I was wondering if this has a parallel in Buddhism? To me, ...
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Does “Connected Causes” mean the same thing as Dependent Origination?

I prefer the phrase "Connected Causes" to Dependent Origination or the alternatives such as Dependent Arising, Dependent Co-arising and so on, I feel that it is more direct and understandable. But I ...
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4answers
353 views

Taking refuge in practice

My understanding of "taking refuge" is reciting a mantra. However, is there a certain ceremony to become fully Buddhist? Is it just repeating the mantra X number of times, or is there more to it?
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What is the difference between an arhat, bodhisattva and a buddha?

What is the difference between an arhat, a bodhisattva and a buddha? References to the scriptures would be most helpful. I'm open to both Theravada and Mahayana perspectives.
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4answers
262 views

Abhava versus Vibhava

Is there a difference between abhava and vibhava? Or are those words synonyms? When they are not synonyms, what is their exact meaning.
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1answer
369 views

What is the difference between Dhamma Diksha and Dhamma Parivarta

I need your kind suggestion regarding different terms in our Buddhism. I wanted to know: What is the difference between Dhamma Diksha and Dhamma Parivarta? If a person from Hindu religion is getting ...
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5answers
224 views

What does “intention” mean?

I see two Pali words which are translated into English as "intention": Cetanā used in the definition of karma Sankappa used in the definition of the Noble Eightfold Way. Do these two words mean ...
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1answer
52 views

The four requisites for trade

In the Vanijja Sutta Buddha talks about the four requisites for trade. I couldn't find the four anywhere, does anybody know what he refers to?
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2answers
133 views

Tathā synonymous with Tathātā?

From wiki: "Tathā means "thus" in Sanskrit and Pali, and Buddhist thought takes this to refer to what is called "reality as-it-is" (yathābhūta). This reality is also referred to as "thusness" or "...
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2answers
257 views

Kamma and sankharas

Can kamma and sankharas be considered as synonyms? And if not, which are the differences between both? Which is the relationship between them?
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2answers
100 views

Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma

Are the words Dhamma and Buddha Dhamma synonyms? Or are there hidden differences between between both? Are these words used in different circumstances?
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2answers
79 views

Canonical definition of Upekkha

Where can I find a canonical definition of equanimity (upekkha) in the Theravada buddhist texts?
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116 views

Did I describe the following concept correctly?

In a discussion, my meditation leader was talking about people who cannot control their cravings and wants, who are easily subjected to actions based on their whims and wants of their anger. He ...
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4answers
226 views

The pali word for this concept

I'm wondering if pali has a specifically designated word for the view that the outer world is a reflection of one's own life state, not the other way around. Additionally, I am wondering if there ...
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3answers
229 views

What is the difference between Enlightenment and Nibbana?

Is there a difference between Enlightenment and Nibbana?
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877 views

Did Shakyamuni Buddha say anything in regard to fear

I'm sure that at some point Shakyamuni talked about fear, but I am wondering more specifically if he had listed something like "the five types of fear" or something like that(e.g. Four noble truths, ...
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4answers
532 views

Are chakra's used in Buddhism?

I think that in the hindoestic yogi there are using chakra's very common. But are they also used in buddhism? If not, why not? Or what is similar to chakra's in buddhism?
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2answers
810 views

What is the difference between kilesas and asavas?

What is the difference between kilesas and asavas? Or are they synonyms?
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4answers
1k views

Are buddhists also called brothers and sisters?

Usually when speaking about someone who is following the buddha teach is called a monk. But are monks or other buddhists sometimes also called brothers and sisters? Is it common or very rare? And what ...
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1answer
124 views

What is the, “Counterfeit Law” as referenced in Lotus Sutra

In the Lotus Sutra, (Burton Watson translation) there is often mention of "the counterfeit law" being propigated for so-and-so number of small kalpas. I will give an exerpt below, but what exactly is ...
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1answer
55 views

The Law of One Form

In the Burton Watson translation of the Lotus Sutra, on page 136-7 there is mentioning of "The law of one form" Here is an exerpt of where this is mentioned by Shakyamuni: "The thus come one knows ...
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6answers
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Looking for a clear explanation of “interdependent origination” in English (one that doesn't rely a lot of Buddhist terminology)?

I am having difficulty understanding the idea of interdependent origination within the following text. It is from The Essence of Buddhism by Traleg Kyabgon. I am finding this book very useful as a ...
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3answers
66 views

Term for instructual terms

I don't know that the term, "instructual term" is the best way to describe what I'm trying to say, but basically, I'm curious as to what things such as "the four noble truths", "the ten factors", "the ...
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1answer
162 views

The Nine Devices

I was reading The Lotus Sutra the other day and I came across Shakyamuni referring to "nine devices" as a way of teaching and leading people towardsed "the great vehicle", but upon looking the term, "...
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2answers
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What is “thukdam”?

I was reading an article in National Geographic about death, in which there was a brief reference to "thukdam". This was described as a form of meditation that takes place in India, during which monks ...
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1answer
102 views

Buddhist point of view in the research process

I'm looking for some texts where the Buddha explains the nature of mind in relation with the process of learning/researching. I was reading a quote by a famous mathematician known to be very ...
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3answers
238 views

What is the meaning of *suffering*?

What is the meaning of the word suffering or (pali) dukkha when it is referred to in topics around Dhamma and Vinaya or Buddhism?
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347 views

How and when did the name “Buddhism” appear?

What is called "Buddhism" is a whole range of different schools, sects, practices etc. that has in common that they are based on the teachings of Siddharta Gautama/the Buddha. But is the name "...
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4answers
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What is a phenomenological perspective?

I have seen in answers on this site (about consciousness in connection with rebirth) that Theravada adhere to a phenomenological perspective on consciousness. Can anyone explain for me what it means ...