Questions tagged [sutras]

A type of literary composition in of varying length. In Buddhism this mostly refers to canonical texts. Sutras is a Sanskrit term however the Pali term sutta is often used by certain traditions. The two terms are equivalent.

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Can anyone explain Sanskara / Sankara indepth?

Can someone provide a canonical explanation to Sanskara/Sankara? I appreciate if you can provide some sources,Suttras/Suttas so that i can expand my knowledge.
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How to Study the Suttas?

I practice the Theravada tradition. There are a lot of suttas, and I don't know how to go about studying them. Can I please get some pointers or guidelines on how I can study them? For example, which ...
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Will actors really go to hell?

In the Talaputta Sutra the Buddha says that actors will either be reborn as an animal or go to hell When an actor on the stage, [he thinks that] after death, he is reborn in the company of the ...
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Tripitaka Section Numbering

Does anyone have a comprehensive side by side reference to Suttas numbering from different edition (PTS, VRI, etc.) of the Tripitaka? I have trouble with reconciliation of certain references to the ...
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Which suttas in the Pali canon are relatively early or late?

Do people (monks and/or scholars) have a sense of how old (or relatively old) each sutta is in the Pali canon: i.e. which suttas are considered "earlier" or "later"? If not for individual suttas, how ...
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How to die professionally?

In this book Preparing to Die: Practical Advice and Spiritual Wisdom from the Tibetan Buddhist Tradition Lama Tharchin makes a powerful statement Dharma is how we can come to die professionally. ...
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Two unconditioned dhammas?

In A history of Indian Buddhism: From Sakyamuni to Early Mahayana, Professor Hirakawa states: Both nirvana and space were considered to be unconditioned dharmas. This fundamental classification of ...
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Which are considered to be the oldest suttas?

Though I've seen dating of mahayana suttas here and there in passing with some analysis, I understand the pali canon has suttas of many ages. For example, one collection I've often heard to contain ...
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Different Reasons of Dhamma's Decline

In many suttas the Buddha stated different reasons for the decline of the Dhamma. Why and how it happens. The different causes. Can I have the references of those suttas? -Metta
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What are the Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma according to Tibetan Buddhism?

Tibetan Buddhists often talk about the Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma... What are the Three Turnings of the Wheel of Dharma according to Tibetan Buddhism? Where did they take place according ...
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How to “attend to the perception of light”?

In AN 7.58, the Buddha instructed Maha Moggallana on what do to about his nodding: "But if by doing this you don't shake off your drowsiness, then attend to the perception of light, resolve on the ...
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Buddhism on We are all one

As explained here Buddhism does no belong into pantheism because God can be interpreted no as oneness but a creation of the mind as the fourth aggregate explains (eg. "an invisible man who lives in ...
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Buddhist point of view in the research process

I'm looking for some texts where the Buddha explains the nature of mind in relation with the process of learning/researching. I was reading a quote by a famous mathematician known to be very ...
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Was the Buddha harsh?

"And to whom, worthless man, do you understand me to have taught the Dhamma like that? Haven't I, in many ways, said of dependently co-arisen consciousness, 'Apart from a requisite condition, there is ...
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Why is the first lines of the Dhammapada twin verses sometimes translated using the word 'heart'?

In most of the translations of the Dhammapada I have read the first lines of the Twin Verses (first chapter) are rendered using the words mind or thoughts. For instance this translation by ...
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The Vanishing of Greed, Hatred, and Delusion ~ Nyanatiloka

At the beginning of his talk, The Vanishing of Greed, Hatred, and Delusion, Ajahn Viradhammo reads verses about Nibbana from a translation by Nyanatiloka of a fragment of the Pali Canon, from the ...
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Which suttas in the Pali canon give instructions for how to cultivate equanimity?

Which suttas in the Pali Canon give flat out instructions for how to develop equanimity?
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Does MN9 imply a cyclic causation? How does it work?

The Nanamoli and Bodhi translation of MN9 states in 2 excerpts: With the arising of the taints there is the arising of ignorance. With the cessation of the taints there is the cessation of ...
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What are the core Mahayana and Vajrayana Sutras?

When starting a more in-depth study of the Dharma from a Mahayana and Vajrayana perspective, what are the core (3 most recommended) Sutras (or texts), and the reasons why they are considered important,...
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The Middle Way in practical life

Are there any sutras or parables where Buddha applies the middle way, not to the self or to abstract metaphysical principles, but to concrete conflicts in practical life?
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What is the oldest text/sutra of the Mahayana tradition?

I'm often interested in the history of Buddhist texts and, being a Theravadan, I'm not very familiar with the Mahayana texts. Please help to educate me in this manner.
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Desire without attachment

The MahaNidana Sutta says “Ānanda, if one is asked: ‘Is clinging due to a specific condition?’ one should say: ‘It is.’ If one is asked: ‘Through what condition is there clinging?’ one should say: ...
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Meditation technique to reduce/control pain/sorrow/loss

So I have been doing different meditation techniques to control/reduce different poisons(Klesha) of mind. Such as I do Asuaba(Perception of Unattractiveness) for Lust Perception of Loving Kindness (...
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What are the canonical texts for the Buddhisms of the world?

And as a follow up, what institutions are charged with expanding the list of canonical works, if any?
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What is the intermediate state before birth (Gandhabba)?

What is the intermediate state before birth ("Gandhabba"), mentioned in some Buddhist traditions? I have only heard the word so I can't explain the question any further. I would like a detailed ...
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Were different parts of the Pali Canon intended for different audiences?

I read somewhere that the Middle Length and Long Discourses in the Pali Canon were intended for different audiences. I think it was that the Long Discourses were intended to convert people to Buddhism ...
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Does Paritta/Sutta really have magical power?

Many people believed certain Paritta/Sutta have certain magical power, for example Bojjhanga Sutta for curing illness and Om Mani Padme Hum having a great (even greatest) magical power among other ...
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Sutta/Sutra guideline for choosing actions in ethical dilemmas

I am searching for a sutta which gives a general guideline which helps in making ethical decisions. There are many suttas which give a skillful action for a specific scenario but I am looking for a ...
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Taking Refuge in the Dhamma

Friends, having heard in many a Dhamma talk references being made to the permanence of the Dhamma as refuge, I am looking for suttas in the Pali Canon evoking that very theme of permanence of the ...
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Did the Buddha ever refute the view of “extreme metaphysical nihilism” e.g. a view that “nothing is real”?

Important note: I am only using the word "real" only in the sense of meaning "exists and is not an illusion". I am defining "extreme metaphysical nihilism" as the belief that "nothing is real". I ...
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Finding Authentic Suttas

Is there some website or book somewhere that lists suttas on different criteria like what suttas are more core or more likely to be authentic do to scholarly analysis like comparing Chinese ...
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In the Anapanasati Sutta, what is the difference between mind and mental processes?

The book Breath by Breath by Larry Rosenberg splits the Anapanasati Sutta into 4 tetrads. The wildmind website does a similar thing. In the second tetrad there is a verse that is rendered He trains ...
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Does any sutta talk about the right conditions for teaching the Dhamma?

I've read in other posts (such as this one) about the right way to teach the Dhamma. But is there a way to know about the "when", i.e. when to reach out someone else to teach the Dhamma? In specific,...
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Sutra Study as Meditation?

When studying the sutras should that be considered a form of meditation, if so what are the guidelines for sutra meditation?
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A person of integrity (Sappurisa Sutta)

In the Anguttara Nikaya 4.73, the Buddha said that a "person of integrity" possesses these four qualities: when asked, does not reveal the other person's bad points and when pressed, speaks of the ...
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Question on a Mahayana Sutra (Three Svabhavas)

First time trying this. Much Metta to all beings here. I've been studying and meditating on a Mahayana based sutra for months, which is quite detailed in philosophy. I don't seem to understand the ...
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What is the sutra where the Buddha emits fire and water from his body?

I've seen pictures that depict the Buddha floating in the air and emitting fire from this torso and water from his legs. The fire and the water might be the other way around. I think the picture ...
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Is Mara a real being or something internal, produced by our own minds?

I have heard both interpretations, for me it would make more sense to be something from the mind as there is no creator God or its opposite in Buddhism, the image of a "temptator creature" like Satan ...
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What is/was the role of agamas in Chinese and Japanese history?

Recently I read/heard someone saying that the agamas are/were dismissed and downplayed in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism throughout history. I understand that Mahayana texts received much attention in ...
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Did the Buddha according to the suttas mean anything else by the word “self” beyond simply the aspect of control/power?

It looks like according to [the Anatta-lakkhana Sutta][1] one aspect that is considered "self" by the Buddha is power or control. Why did he use the word "self" instead of just "complete control/power"...
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Comparing Chinese Agama the ? Bundles of Reeds Simile with Pali Nalakalapiyo Sutta

In commenting a post, I have just been introduced to the "two bundles of reeds leaning up against each other" Sutta. The comments have just been moved to chat and I hope it would be kept for awhile ...
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Which branches of Buddhism acknowledge the Parable Sutra?

This Sutra, known in Chinese as 佛说譬喻经, has been translated into English by Charles Patton. The Sutra makes a part of Taisho Tripitaka (Takakusu Junjiro's edition). The text is known worldwide, also ...
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When were Buddhist suttas written?

When were Buddhist suttas written? Does anybody know any source with a compiled list of suttas and their approximate date of writing?
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Looking for mentions of karma related to actions taken while dreaming

I am looking for early mentions of the accumulation of karma while dreaming. Here is what I've been able to find so far: In The Large Sutra on Perfect Wisdom a discussion of accumulating karma in ...
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Can you point me some Sutras on Buddhist Cosmology?

Can someone point me some good sutras for Buddhist Cosmology. I'm interested in the Theravada school's teaching on this.
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What are the alternative titles of Thayodhamma Sutta, it's reference number, subsections where it appear in?

I am looking Thayodhamma Sutta but could not find it based on the following searchers: accesstoinsight.org search on Google, suttacentral.net search on Google. But references do turn up in a general ...
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Satipathanna Sutta and contemplating mind externally?

More specifically, Buddha informs the Kurus thus: "Contemplating mind internally. Contemplating mind externally. Contemplating mind both internally and externally" How is one to contemplate the mind ...
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Where in the Tripitaka completion of the formation of Karmic result is mentioned?

For Karma to be complete a certain set of conditions need to be present. What are the Suttas / Abhi Dhamma in this these sets of conditions presented in? Do Suttas / Abhi Dhamma mention what happens ...
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Suttas which explain how to deal with unwholesome habits

Are there any suttas where the Buddha gives advice how to change one's behaviours, like eating addiction, mindless eating, addiction to entertainment, laziness and all that? Basically giving in into ...
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Websites with the Chinese canon translated into English? [duplicate]

Are there any websites that have an English translation of the Chinese Buddhist canon, similar to what is available for the Pali canon at accesstoinsight.org and suttacentral.net? Grateful for help ...