Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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2
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5answers
169 views

Who was ignorant about the Truth in the beginning?

In the dependent origin co-arising, ignorance came before consciousness and self.In fact we begin with ignorance. This ignorance is the ignorance about the 4 noble truths. My questions are : Who is ...
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4answers
221 views

Dhamma riddle? What does it mean?

I found a dhamma riddle below. What do we think it means?
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5answers
259 views

How does human will fit with Pratītyasamutpāda?

On Tevijjavacchagotta Sutta the Buddha said that in the last ninety-one aeons, no fatalist who denies the power of volitional acts, has ever gone to heaven, except one, who happened to follow the ...
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1answer
291 views

What is Indra's Net, according to Mahayana Buddhism?

I have heard lot about "Indra's Net". A wiki says that it describes how emptiness and dependent origination are creating the universe. Can anyone provide me a link and book which I should read, to ...
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6answers
533 views

What does Buddhism add to a Stoic?

Is there any thing that Buddhism can add to a Stoic Pursuit? Below is a friendly laid-back discourse between a Stoic and a Buddhist, which could be used as a guide to what I’m trying to compare. ...
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3answers
519 views

Did the Buddha speak the Mahanidana Sutta in the Digha Nikaya?

In the Pali suttas, there are scores of suttas about Dependent Origination which take the classic form of the 12 links, the benchmark being SN 12.2. In the Digha Nikaya, there is the Maha-Nidana ...
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1answer
145 views

Plato's Parmenides, Samsara and Nirvana

Plato's Parmenides contains the following eight deductions: (D1) If the G is, then the G is not F and not con-F in relation to itself. (D2) If the G is, then the G is F and con-F in relation ...
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4answers
380 views

Six Senses and Four elements

The six senses are arises from NamaRupa in PaticcaSamuppada. NamaRupa paccaya Salayathana. So basically all 6 senses are a combination of Mentality(Nama) and Form (Rupa - which is a combination of the ...
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771 views

Consciousness and Name-Form

In the twelve nidanas in the dependent origination it is said that through ignorance arises constructive activities (Sankskara). I do understand that. But the fact that I am still having trouble ...
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1answer
92 views

Is there a contradiction in the translation of the Bhūmija Sutta?

The Bhūmija Sutta in the Nidanasamyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya appears to be a very important sutta for the Sri Lankan Mahavihara & Buddhaghoṣa school that came to dominate south east Asian ...
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4answers
241 views

How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination?

How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination with five aggregates ?
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3answers
571 views

'Kaya-sankhara' in Anapanasati & Paticcasamuppada? Are they related?

The term 'kaya-sankhara' is defined in MN 44 as the 'in & out breathing'. The same term is found in step 4 of Anapanasati & in the 2nd nidana of Paticcasamuppada, as follows: He trains ...
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6answers
565 views

How should the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' be translated?

In MN 44 is found an explanation of the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' (which are terms also found in Anapanasati steps 4, 7 & 8 and in the 2nd nidana of Dependent Origination). Bhikkhu ...
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3answers
242 views

Is the principle of rebirth falsifiable?

When the Buddha searched for truth in the world he used a method of empiricism. Empiricism is the precursor for modern science and although I believe that rebirth can be verified empirically I am not ...
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6answers
267 views

Looking for a clear explanation of “interdependent origination” in English (one that doesn't rely a lot of Buddhist terminology)?

I am having difficulty understanding the idea of interdependent origination within the following text. It is from The Essence of Buddhism by Traleg Kyabgon. I am finding this book very useful as a ...
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1answer
147 views

Dependent arising

Dependent arising is often explained in three different levels, from the coarse to the depest. On the first level dependent arising is explained according to causes and conditions. That is, things ...
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449 views

How can Nama-rupa of Dependent Arising be same as Five Aggregates?

It is generally told that the 4th entry in the chain of Dependent Origination, namely Nama-rupa is nothing but the Five Aggregates (Nama being the sum of Vedana, Sanna, Sankhara and Vinnana). But ...
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2answers
368 views

What is vedanā?

Vedanā is usually translated as "feeling" or "sensation". In S.N. Goenka's tradition, vedanā is understood as a physical sensation on the body, such as touch, heat, pain, etc. As far as I understand, ...
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263 views

Is nirodha (cessation of suffering) dependent on the existence of suffering?

This answer includes the following statement: But some other dharmas are still empty without being dependently originated, like nirodha or tathata. A comment after the answers gives the following ...
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1answer
257 views

Does Buddhism allow for true randomness?

Is the law of dependent origination completely deterministic? If everything is dependent, there should be no true randomness. The current mainstream view of the physicists is that true randomness does ...
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3answers
580 views

Can Buddha Damma be reduced to Paticca Samuppada?

Can the teaching be reduced to Paticca Samuppada? Has lord Buddha preached so in any Sutta? During vipassana meditation, the practitioner focuses on impermanence, dissatisfaction and non-self. After ...
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2answers
284 views

Can rebirth-linking conciousness (patisandhi-citta) actually be rooted in knowledge?

With dependent origination (paṭiccasamuppāda) underlying much of the doctrinal aspects of the Buddha's teaching - and all formation having concomitance to avijja as condition, is it correct to assume ...
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95 views

…or does it mean that the conditions might also dependant on a or all things?

A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things (X) arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions (C). Does this imply a certain causality or order ( C -> X ) or does it mean ...
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344 views

Five aggregates vs dependent origination

What is the relation between the five aggregates and the dependent origination?
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1answer
210 views

Is there person without consciousness?

If we consider person(Arthma) as a consciousness. When undergoing an operation, we are temporarily unconscious. Then what happens to that person while unconscious? Some related discussion are here: ...
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8answers
2k views

Is time empty of inherent existence?

My understanding of dependent origination is that it asserts that all things are empty of inherent existence. On an intellectual level I can appreciate and accept this however I struggle when it comes ...
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251 views

bhava (kammabhava, upapattibhava) and jati

How is the connection between bhava (as kamma-bhava and upapatti-bhava) and jāti as links in the twelve link formula of dependant arising to be understood?
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212 views

How does craving (taṇhā) relate to neutral feelings?

How does craving (taṇhā) manifest with respect to neutral feelings? In Dependent Origination (or dependent co-arising, however you'd like to call it), it is said that Craving (taṇhā) follows on the ...
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3answers
474 views

What is the relation between Pratītyasamutpāda and Four Noble truths?

First two truths are relate to "samsara". But how 3rd and 4th truths relate to Pratītyasamutpāda?
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1answer
134 views

What are the paṭiccasamuppāda theory and it's products?

Is there any differences in Paṭiccasamuppāda ,Dependent arising and dependent co-arising?
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69 views

Is the beginning of coming into birth described in the twelve nidanas?

The Twelve Nidanas state the cause for coming into birth. Suppose we take a look at a being with the name Robert. If we look at Robert and rewind time backwards to the time when Robert has not yet ...
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4answers
370 views

What's the first thing that arises, from which everything else arise?

Suppose you completely empty your mind of all thoughts. You go into complete emptiness of mind, where nothing is arising. Suppose that in that state you make a choice to arise a thought. If in that ...
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4answers
500 views

Cause, condition and effect in Buddhism

If the result of one's karma is the combination of cause and condition, how does one account for all variables in the culmination of an effect? If one is unable to include all variables, isn't that ...
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3answers
655 views

In Relation to Rebirth After Death, How is Karma any Different than Supernatural gods?

My questions are: How is karma any different more believable than supernatural gods passing judgement when we are talking about rebirth after the point of death - rebirth being inextricably linked to ...
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3answers
228 views

In Mahayana Buddhism, what is the relation between nirvana and phenomenon?

I have seen nirvana described as the unborn, unconditioned, etc, but then how is it possible to experience nirvana if the experiencer is a conditioned phenomena? I feel as though there is a causal ...
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6answers
252 views

According to Dependent Origination ..dependent on feeling, craving arises, are there exceptions?

Are there exceptions that pleasant feeling is not followed by craving, and unpleasant feeling not followed by aversion? I understand cases where when one is mindful, feeling does not lead to craving. ...
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11answers
494 views

Is there a conflict between dependent origination and right effort?

My current understanding of dependent origination is that things cause other things to arise and cease and ultimately it a big interconnected web of influences. If that's reasonably correct (on a ...
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3answers
107 views

Hard to understand becoming in paticca samupadda

It is said that dependent on becoming birth arises. How can I understand becoming? What is becoming? Can you give me a simile by which I can understand it? For example it is very easy to understand ...
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4answers
201 views

Dependent origination arising of feeling

I'm just reading about dependent origination and wonder how different individuals have different feeling even if contact is the same? It only makes sense if condition for arising of feeling is not ...
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2answers
75 views

Can you actually focus on how birth leads to aging, death, suffering, stress as direct experience in dependent co-arising?

Can I focus on the link between birth and aging, death, suffering, in dependent co-arising in my own mind? Or do I have to know how birth leads to aging etc. intellectually. Does birth in dependent ...
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1answer
87 views

Can stream entry be reached by focusing on the links in dependent co-arising

Can you gain stream entry by focusing on the links in dependent co-arising http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/sn/sn12/sn12.002.than.html. The buddha says this: "And what is the noble method ...
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8answers
2k views

What happens to the five aggregates after death?

What happens to the five skandhas of a particular person after death? Do they stay together, and cause birth of a one specific person (which can be called rebirth), or do they separate? If they ...
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1answer
96 views

How to prevent the development of insight to become ignorance anew?

It is necessary to develop insight in the way ignorance lies at the basis for the conditioning of suffering. See 12 links of dependent co-origination. Insight in the conditioning of suffering is ...
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4answers
212 views

In the wheel of life, how can death be a condition for ignorance?

Considering the 12 nidanas as represented on the Tibetan wheel of life. I can understand how the previous links cause (or condition) the subsequent ones for instance sensation is a condition for ...
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2answers
178 views

How is the Cognitive Process described according to Buddhism? How does it relate to modern Cognitive Psychology?

How is the mind matter process described and explained according to the Buddhist teachings? How does it related to Cognitive Psychology? How is the next moment created from the current? What is the ...
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3answers
474 views

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas that occurs just over one lifetime?

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas (shown on the outside of the wheel below) that is compatible with a lack of belief in rebirth. For instance in the 12 nidanas there are the links ...
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4answers
663 views

Is Pratītyasamutpāda just cause and effect?

Considering the formulation of Pratītyasamutpāda (dependent arising) When this is, that is. From the arising of this comes the arising of that. When this isn't, that isn't. From the cessation ...
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3answers
1k views

Problem concentrating during Vipassana meditation

I am having trouble maintaining concentration for long periods of time. I make my breath slightly hard and then pull my mind back to it and then carry on as normal. But it's quite hard to have a long ...
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1answer
81 views

How does someone decide from what direction to approach the twelve-Nidānas?

From what I can gather (from wikipedia) there are four methods: The Twelve Nidānas are explained in detail in the Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosa, the central text of the Mahāvihāra commentarial ...