Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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11
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8answers
1k views

Learning materials for Dependent Origination (Paṭiccasamuppāda) in Theravada Buddhism

I am listening through the talks and guided meditations from the retreat at Amaravati Just One More: Dependent Origination and the Cycles of Addiction Retreat, where there are a number of references ...
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2answers
232 views

How to interpret "cessation"?

Throughout the suttas, we find the following stock passage: "Now from the remainderless fading & cessation of that very ignorance comes the cessation of fabrications. From the cessation of ...
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9answers
316 views

Are all forms of Dukkha related to a sense of self?

A few days ago I started reading books about Paticcasamuppada because I realized how little and shallow was my understanding on this capital matter. Despite getting the gist of it, I still have ...
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4answers
235 views

How did the suffering of Gautama Buddha arise or co-arise?

As per my understanding during his lifetime, Gautama Buddha, had attained Nibbana with residue. And after death he attained Parinibbana (or Nibbana with no residue). Nibbana with residue is defined ...
6
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8answers
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What happens to the five aggregates after death?

What happens to the five skandhas of a particular person after death? Do they stay together, and cause birth of a one specific person (which can be called rebirth), or do they separate? If they ...
14
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6answers
488 views

What exactly is the logical relation between the links in the twelvefold chain of Pratītyasamutpāda?

I'm struggling hard to make final sense of the chain of "dependent origination". In the oldest texts in Pali and Sanskrit, already, there are different explanations. The Mahānidānasutta, where the ...
4
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6answers
1k views

What is meant by statement "the one who sees Dhamma sees dependent origination"?

In MN 28 following was said : Now this has been said by the Blessed One: “One who sees dependent origination sees the Dhamma; one who sees the Dhamma sees dependent origination.” My questions ...
7
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5answers
298 views

How does human will fit with Pratītyasamutpāda?

On Tevijjavacchagotta Sutta the Buddha said that in the last ninety-one aeons, no fatalist who denies the power of volitional acts, has ever gone to heaven, except one, who happened to follow the ...
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2answers
379 views

What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
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11answers
533 views

Is there a conflict between dependent origination and right effort?

My current understanding of dependent origination is that things cause other things to arise and cease and ultimately it a big interconnected web of influences. If that's reasonably correct (on a ...
4
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3answers
220 views

How can Name-and-form be the cause and condition for the manifestation of the consciousness aggregate?

In SN 22.82 Buddha says Name and Form is the cause and condition for the manifestation of Consciousness aggregate. “The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause and condition for the ...
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6answers
579 views

What does Buddhism add to a Stoic?

Is there any thing that Buddhism can add to a Stoic Pursuit? Below is a friendly laid-back discourse between a Stoic and a Buddhist, which could be used as a guide to what I’m trying to compare. ...
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5answers
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Is causation (hetu) in SN 22.82 different to conditions (paccaya) in Dependent Origination?

SN 22.82 and MN 109 state: The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause (hetu) and condition (paccayo) for the manifestation (paññāpanāya) of the form (rupa) aggregate. Contact is the cause ...
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5answers
427 views

Five aggregates vs dependent origination

What is the relation between the five aggregates and the dependent origination?
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3answers
591 views

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas that occurs just over one lifetime?

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas (shown on the outside of the wheel below) that is compatible with a lack of belief in rebirth. For instance in the 12 nidanas there are the links ...
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3answers
711 views

'Kaya-sankhara' in Anapanasati & Paticcasamuppada? Are they related?

The term 'kaya-sankhara' is defined in MN 44 as the 'in & out breathing'. The same term is found in step 4 of Anapanasati & in the 2nd nidana of Paticcasamuppada, as follows: He trains ...
4
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9answers
782 views

How should the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' be translated?

In MN 44 is found an explanation of the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' (which are terms also found in Anapanasati steps 4, 7 & 8 and in the 2nd nidana of Dependent Origination). Bhikkhu ...
3
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2answers
105 views

What is the meaning of “becoming, birth, old age & death” in the 12 links?

Finding resources to better understand the meaning of the 12 links of dependent origination has been challenging for me. The best resource I've been able to find to decipher the meaning thus far is ...
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5answers
116 views

Does thought lead to existence?

Is there any dependency on thought for the existence of life ? (Dependency without which life would not come into existence.) Another related question : Does craving for thought lead to craving for ...
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5answers
189 views

What is (re)born? Did the Buddha explicitly state that it is "the mental idea of the self" that is reborn?

It's been asserted by some knowledgeable individuals that the Buddha explicitly identified "the mental idea of the self" as what is (re)born in samsara and has done so in suttas spelling out ...
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3answers
499 views

'Sankhara' Dependent Origination: Bhikkhu Analayo vs Bhikkhu Thanissaro. Which is right?

About 'sankhara' in Dependent Origination as found in SN 12.2 of the Pali suttas, Bhikkhu Analayo said the following: Bhikkhu Thanissaro said the following: Which is right and why? Bhikkhu Analayo ...
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5answers
599 views

Can we reach Nirvana without removing ignorance?

Namo Buddhaya. I am learning dependent origination. If we follow the dependent origination strictly then by cutting off craving , the attachment ceases to be and with cessation of attachment, ...
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4answers
516 views

How can Nama-rupa of Dependent Arising be same as Five Aggregates?

It is generally told that the 4th entry in the chain of Dependent Origination, namely Nama-rupa is nothing but the Five Aggregates (Nama being the sum of Vedana, Sanna, Sankhara and Vinnana). But ...
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3answers
723 views

What is the relation between Pratītyasamutpāda and Four Noble truths?

First two truths are relate to "samsara". But how 3rd and 4th truths relate to Pratītyasamutpāda?
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3answers
244 views

How does craving (taṇhā) relate to neutral feelings?

How does craving (taṇhā) manifest with respect to neutral feelings? In Dependent Origination (or dependent co-arising, however you'd like to call it), it is said that Craving (taṇhā) follows on the ...
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3answers
734 views

In Relation to Rebirth After Death, How is Karma any Different than Supernatural gods?

My questions are: How is karma any different more believable than supernatural gods passing judgement when we are talking about rebirth after the point of death - rebirth being inextricably linked to ...
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1answer
319 views

Does Buddhism allow for true randomness?

Is the law of dependent origination completely deterministic? If everything is dependent, there should be no true randomness. The current mainstream view of the physicists is that true randomness does ...
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4answers
262 views

In the Dependent Origination formula, shouldn't perception precede craving instead of feeling?

In the paticcasamuppada's formulation of the twelve nidanas, vedana precedes tanha. As far as I currently understand, vedana is just the physiological and psychological -and involuntary- response (...
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2answers
163 views

Sacca-pabba Is the reason that commentary commented "Viññāṇa is Jāti and Paṭisandhi," right?

In saccapabba of mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta: Jāti is "khandhānaṃ patubhāvo" and "āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho". Khandhānaṃ patubhāvo included viññāṇa-khandha. Viññāṇa-khandha is viññāṇa-paṭiccasamuppāda. Rūpa-...
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2answers
390 views

How does Dependent Origination relate to Vipassana Meditation?

How does Dependent Origination relate to Vipassana meditation as taught by different schools / interpretations of Buddhism? More particularly how do you break the links of dependent origination as ...