Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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What exactly is the logical relation between the links in the twelvefold chain of Pratītyasamutpāda?

I'm struggling hard to make final sense of the chain of "dependent origination". In the oldest texts in Pali and Sanskrit, already, there are different explanations. The Mahānidānasutta, where the ...
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Learning materials for Dependent Origination (Paṭiccasamuppāda) in Theravada Buddhism

I am listening through the talks and guided meditations from the retreat at Amaravati Just One More: Dependent Origination and the Cycles of Addiction Retreat, where there are a number of references ...
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3 answers
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Problem concentrating during Vipassana meditation

I am having trouble maintaining concentration for long periods of time. I make my breath slightly hard and then pull my mind back to it and then carry on as normal. But it's quite hard to have a long ...
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8 votes
7 answers
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Consciousness and Name-Form

In the twelve nidanas in the dependent origination it is said that through ignorance arises constructive activities (Sankskara). I do understand that. But the fact that I am still having trouble ...
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8 votes
9 answers
349 views

Are all forms of Dukkha related to a sense of self?

A few days ago I started reading books about Paticcasamuppada because I realized how little and shallow was my understanding on this capital matter. Despite getting the gist of it, I still have ...
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7 votes
8 answers
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Is time empty of inherent existence?

My understanding of dependent origination is that it asserts that all things are empty of inherent existence. On an intellectual level I can appreciate and accept this however I struggle when it comes ...
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7 votes
6 answers
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According to Dependent Origination ..dependent on feeling, craving arises, are there exceptions?

Are there exceptions that pleasant feeling is not followed by craving, and unpleasant feeling not followed by aversion? I understand cases where when one is mindful, feeling does not lead to craving. ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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How can Nama-rupa of Dependent Arising be same as Five Aggregates?

It is generally told that the 4th entry in the chain of Dependent Origination, namely Nama-rupa is nothing but the Five Aggregates (Nama being the sum of Vedana, Sanna, Sankhara and Vinnana). But ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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bhava (kammabhava, upapattibhava) and jati

How is the connection between bhava (as kamma-bhava and upapatti-bhava) and jāti as links in the twelve link formula of dependant arising to be understood?
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7 votes
2 answers
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Can rebirth-linking conciousness (patisandhi-citta) actually be rooted in knowledge?

With dependent origination (paṭiccasamuppāda) underlying much of the doctrinal aspects of the Buddha's teaching - and all formation having concomitance to avijja as condition, is it correct to assume ...
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5 answers
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How does human will fit with Pratītyasamutpāda?

On Tevijjavacchagotta Sutta the Buddha said that in the last ninety-one aeons, no fatalist who denies the power of volitional acts, has ever gone to heaven, except one, who happened to follow the ...
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6 votes
8 answers
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What happens to the five aggregates after death?

What happens to the five skandhas of a particular person after death? Do they stay together, and cause birth of a one specific person (which can be called rebirth), or do they separate? If they ...
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5 answers
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Five aggregates vs dependent origination

What is the relation between the five aggregates and the dependent origination?
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6 votes
2 answers
417 views

What is vedanā?

Vedanā is usually translated as "feeling" or "sensation". In S.N. Goenka's tradition, vedanā is understood as a physical sensation on the body, such as touch, heat, pain, etc. As far as I understand, ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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'Sankhara' Dependent Origination: Bhikkhu Analayo vs Bhikkhu Thanissaro. Which is right?

About 'sankhara' in Dependent Origination as found in SN 12.2 of the Pali suttas, Bhikkhu Analayo said the following: Bhikkhu Thanissaro said the following: Which is right and why? Bhikkhu Analayo ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How does someone decide from what direction to approach the twelve-Nidānas?

From what I can gather (from wikipedia) there are four methods: The Twelve Nidānas are explained in detail in the Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosa, the central text of the Mahāvihāra commentarial ...
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5 votes
11 answers
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Is there a conflict between dependent origination and right effort?

My current understanding of dependent origination is that things cause other things to arise and cease and ultimately it a big interconnected web of influences. If that's reasonably correct (on a ...
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5 votes
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Is Pratītyasamutpāda just cause and effect?

Considering the formulation of Pratītyasamutpāda (dependent arising) When this is, that is. From the arising of this comes the arising of that. When this isn't, that isn't. From the cessation ...
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5 votes
4 answers
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In the wheel of life, how can death be a condition for ignorance?

Considering the 12 nidanas as represented on the Tibetan wheel of life. I can understand how the previous links cause (or condition) the subsequent ones for instance sensation is a condition for ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Can you actually focus on how birth leads to aging, death, suffering, stress as direct experience in dependent co-arising?

Can I focus on the link between birth and aging, death, suffering, in dependent co-arising in my own mind? Or do I have to know how birth leads to aging etc. intellectually. Does birth in dependent ...
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5 votes
2 answers
305 views

What is the relevance of Pratityasamutpada in Nagarjunas system?

In his philosophy, Nagarjuna uses the Pratityasamutpada to prove, that everything is empty and without reality. In the end, however he proves not only the emptiness of that very Pratityasamutpada but ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is there person without consciousness?

If we consider person(Arthma) as a consciousness. When undergoing an operation, we are temporarily unconscious. Then what happens to that person while unconscious? Some related discussion are here: ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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What is the relation between Pratītyasamutpāda and Four Noble truths?

First two truths are relate to "samsara". But how 3rd and 4th truths relate to Pratītyasamutpāda?
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5 votes
1 answer
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How to prevent the development of insight to become ignorance anew?

It is necessary to develop insight in the way ignorance lies at the basis for the conditioning of suffering. See 12 links of dependent co-origination. Insight in the conditioning of suffering is ...
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5 votes
4 answers
574 views

Cause, condition and effect in Buddhism

If the result of one's karma is the combination of cause and condition, how does one account for all variables in the culmination of an effect? If one is unable to include all variables, isn't that ...
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4 votes
6 answers
343 views

Looking for a clear explanation of "interdependent origination" in English (one that doesn't rely a lot of Buddhist terminology)?

I am having difficulty understanding the idea of interdependent origination within the following text. It is from The Essence of Buddhism by Traleg Kyabgon. I am finding this book very useful as a ...
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4 votes
6 answers
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What is meant by statement "the one who sees Dhamma sees dependent origination"?

In MN 28 following was said : Now this has been said by the Blessed One: “One who sees dependent origination sees the Dhamma; one who sees the Dhamma sees dependent origination.” My questions ...
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4 votes
3 answers
595 views

Can Buddha Damma be reduced to Paticca Samuppada?

Can the teaching be reduced to Paticca Samuppada? Has lord Buddha preached so in any Sutta? During vipassana meditation, the practitioner focuses on impermanence, dissatisfaction and non-self. After ...
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4 votes
3 answers
251 views

How does craving (taṇhā) relate to neutral feelings?

How does craving (taṇhā) manifest with respect to neutral feelings? In Dependent Origination (or dependent co-arising, however you'd like to call it), it is said that Craving (taṇhā) follows on the ...
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4 votes
5 answers
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What is the difference between destruction of craving and cessation of craving?

There are two suttas, SN 46.26 about destruction of craving and SN 46.27 about the cessation of craving. I was thinking that destruction of craving is same as cessation of craving but the pali word ...
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4 votes
3 answers
638 views

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas that occurs just over one lifetime?

Is there an interpretation of the 12 nidanas (shown on the outside of the wheel below) that is compatible with a lack of belief in rebirth. For instance in the 12 nidanas there are the links ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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How can Name-and-form be the cause and condition for the manifestation of the consciousness aggregate?

In SN 22.82 Buddha says Name and Form is the cause and condition for the manifestation of Consciousness aggregate. “The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause and condition for the ...
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4 votes
3 answers
267 views

In Mahayana Buddhism, what is the relation between nirvana and phenomenon?

I have seen nirvana described as the unborn, unconditioned, etc, but then how is it possible to experience nirvana if the experiencer is a conditioned phenomena? I feel as though there is a causal ...
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4 votes
4 answers
222 views

Dependent origination arising of feeling

I'm just reading about dependent origination and wonder how different individuals have different feeling even if contact is the same? It only makes sense if condition for arising of feeling is not ...
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4 votes
5 answers
149 views

A few questions about "becoming"

How is "becoming" (bhava) defined in the context of Dependent Co-arising? If there is craving, will that craving always result in "becoming"? Is there something like craving without "becoming"? ...
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4 votes
9 answers
873 views

How should the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' be translated?

In MN 44 is found an explanation of the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' (which are terms also found in Anapanasati steps 4, 7 & 8 and in the 2nd nidana of Dependent Origination). Bhikkhu ...
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4 votes
2 answers
92 views

What are Buddhist views about free will? Does the concept of free will vs determinism even apply? Is it a question with a wrong assumption? [duplicate]

There are mainly 3 western views: Free Will is real & I believe in it. Free Will is an illusion but I live my life assuming it is real because it is a healthy assumption. A compatibilist that ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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How can we use the triple round model to understand dependent origination?

In the Visuddhimagga (but not in the suttas) and possibly other commentaries, we can find the triple round model, which can be used to explain dependent origination (paticcasamuppada). The first ...
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4 votes
4 answers
264 views

How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination?

How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination with five aggregates ?
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4 answers
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What's the first thing that arises, from which everything else arise?

Suppose you completely empty your mind of all thoughts. You go into complete emptiness of mind, where nothing is arising. Suppose that in that state you make a choice to arise a thought. If in that ...
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3 votes
3 answers
189 views

Why is “nibbana” considered to be “unconditioned”?

I’m aware that a similar question has been asked before: How is Nibbana unconditioned? However, I’m looking for an answer (1) in the language of science that is (2) clear and comprehensible to readers ...
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3 votes
4 answers
242 views

Dhamma riddle? What does it mean?

I found a dhamma riddle below. What do we think it means?
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3 votes
5 answers
295 views

Is nirodha (cessation of suffering) dependent on the existence of suffering?

This answer includes the following statement: But some other dharmas are still empty without being dependently originated, like nirodha or tathata. A comment after the answers gives the following ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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In Relation to Rebirth After Death, How is Karma any Different than Supernatural gods?

My questions are: How is karma any different more believable than supernatural gods passing judgement when we are talking about rebirth after the point of death - rebirth being inextricably linked to ...
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