Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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8answers
227 views

Is dependent co-arising an “IF AND ONLY IF A THEN B” relation?

"IF AND ONLY IF A THEN B" means if you get B you get A, if you get A you get B, if you don't get B you don't get A, and if you don't get A you don't get B. Does dependent co-arising have the ...
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2answers
58 views

What are Sensuality, Strings of Sensuality, and Fermentation of Sensuality?

Can someone explain sensuality, strings of sensuality, and fermentation of sensuality thoroughly? I want to know, What is it? The main cause for it. The result of it. Where it lies in the dependent ...
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2answers
71 views

'Antarabhava' existence between rebirth and the death

Does a state called "Antarabhava" an existence between death and rebirth exist? Traditional Theravada sources, highly respected scholars and texts in Abhidhamma directly decline this as ...
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3answers
82 views

Dependent Origination, 'here-&-now' & 11th & 12th link

On this site there are some users who claim that birth & death are mental phenomena, while other people argue that it's something physical. Contextually, the Buddha lived in a time where other ...
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91 views

Understanding Saṅkhāra in dependent origination as *choices* of body, speech and mind?

Continuing to try to understand Dependent Origination from my own reading of the suttas as well trying to grok the understanding of other skilled practitioners and I've come across an interesting ...
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4answers
67 views

Did Buddha explain Dependent Origination as an upaya or skillful means? If so, why?

Inspired by this answer... Is the specific formulation of Dependent Origination in the early buddhist texts an upaya and/or skillful means? If so, how approximate is it? Are there other conceptual ...
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104 views

Do visual objects have karma?

According to Nagarjuna, the second causal link (sankhara, motivations) and the tenth causal link (bhava, gestation) are two karmas through which sentient beings trigger seven sufferings identified ...
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2answers
70 views

Where is ignorance, and why does it not end with death?

Where is ignorance, and why does it not end with death? Can we experience it? Does it have to be actively conditioning formations for us to experience it, or can we know this nidana even when freed ...
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3answers
392 views

Misconception about remembering past lives?

I have been digging really deep into the philosophy of Buddha. What I have come to know is that Buddha has never talked about remembering past lives in any original text. If he has then please let me ...
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3answers
49 views

Tanhā Jālinī Sutta and Self-Views

This answer by Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena noted the self-views, in the Tanhā Jālinī Sutta, that promote clinging to a self. I wish here to verify my understanding, namely that these views are ...
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2answers
147 views

How to interpret “cessation”?

Throughout the suttas, we find the following stock passage: "Now from the remainderless fading & cessation of that very ignorance comes the cessation of fabrications. From the cessation of ...
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5answers
168 views

How does dependent origination and the skandhas fit together?

I’m having trouble seeing whether the idea of the five skandhas is meant to fit within dependent origination in any way, or whether the two theories are meant to be applied as complements to each ...
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46 views

In Dependent Co-Arising, is Dukkha a Sankhara, a Vedana, both, or none?

How should I understand dukkha (in all its amplitude and semantic complexity), if I want to see it through the lens of Dependent Co-Arising? Where is it classified, apart from the final nidana? Is ...
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7answers
172 views

I had a no-self experience, why is it a good state?

I've been meditating for about 4 months without (seemingly) getting somewhere up till about 2 weeks ago when something clicked for me after watching some interviews and talks from Gary Weber and ...
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2answers
47 views

Is ignorance a kammically active volitional formation, or a kammically passive fruit of past kamma?

As the title indicates, I'm not sure how to classify 'avijja' in Dependent Co-arising: Is it a volitional formation which produces a certain kind of vipaka, or is it a vipaka in itself? In Bhikkhu ...
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5answers
186 views

Is it correct that dependent origination will cease to exist if one doesn't have 12 nidanas?

From Pratītyasamutpāda - Wikipedia: dependent origination refers to nothing else but the process of mental conditioning as described by the twelve nidanas So to check if my understanding is ...
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3answers
81 views

Nature of dependent origination, and is Buddhism non-duality?

Is dependent arising meant for us to understand the arising of suffering -- or is it also meant to describe how phenomena in the outside World arise dependent on other conditions (for instance how ...
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3answers
94 views

Is continuity just causation?

Is continuity just causation? When a fire is caused by a spark, is that the same kind of continuity as there is in the dependent origination of the skandhas, just with different causes and effects?
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2answers
277 views

What does 'Ignorance' mean in Dependent Co-Arising?

A while ago I wrote a question here about the relation between dukkha and the sense of self (whether from identity view, from conceit or both). There, most answers said that, indeed, that sense of ...
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5answers
135 views

A few questions about “becoming”

How is "becoming" (bhava) defined in the context of Dependent Co-arising? If there is craving, will that craving always result in "becoming"? Is there something like craving without "becoming"? ...
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9answers
271 views

Are all forms of Dukkha related to a sense of self?

A few days ago I started reading books about Paticcasamuppada because I realized how little and shallow was my understanding on this capital matter. Despite getting the gist of it, I still have ...
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1answer
69 views

Dependent origination and the living arahat

In the 12 nidānas or 12 links of dependent origination, it's clear that the arahat has overcome craving, clinging and ignorance. Craving (tanha), clinging (upādāna) and ignorance (avijjā) have ...
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3answers
135 views

Does Viññāṇa generate Nāmarūpa in the sense that would make “uploading concsciousness” impossible?

Does Viññāṇa generate Nāmarūpa in the sense that would make "uploading concsciousness" to a computer impossible? I was reading this question on philosophy.stack I'd suspect that it's impossible to ...
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2answers
129 views

This consciousness turns back; it doesn't go further than name-and-form

In SN 12.65, we read about the cyclic relationship between consciousness and name-and-form, which has been asked in this question. However, this sutta also has the curious phrase in bold below. What ...
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5answers
169 views

What is the duality of body and external name-and-form?

What is the duality of body and external name-and-form? What is the difference between the two? What is the relationship between the two? From the Balapandita Sutta (SN 12.19) (translated by Bhikkhu ...
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381 views

'Sankhara' Dependent Origination: Bhikkhu Analayo vs Bhikkhu Thanissaro. Which is right?

About 'sankhara' in Dependent Origination as found in SN 12.2 of the Pali suttas, Bhikkhu Analayo said the following: Bhikkhu Thanissaro said the following: Which is right and why? Bhikkhu Analayo ...
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120 views

How can we use the triple round model to understand dependent origination?

In the Visuddhimagga (but not in the suttas) and possibly other commentaries, we can find the triple round model, which can be used to explain dependent origination (paticcasamuppada). The first ...
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4answers
258 views

How does an arahant know that ignorance won't return/re-arise after death?

The earlier aspects that now seem less relevant imo: ---How can it be known that ignorance won't return/re-arise and why won't it return/re-arise if there is no consciousness after death? ---...
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2answers
175 views

Regarding Nicca and Anicca natures of Avidya and Prajna

If Tanha (Craving) is caused by Avidya (Ignorance), and Avidya is originated and sustained by Tanha, then the origination of Avidya is part of a recursive cycle with no beginning. Yet Prajna (Wisdom) (...
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230 views

In the Dependent Origination formula, shouldn't perception precede craving instead of feeling?

In the paticcasamuppada's formulation of the twelve nidanas, vedana precedes tanha. As far as I currently understand, vedana is just the physiological and psychological -and involuntary- response (...
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101 views

If consciousness arises from mental formations is it correct to say that consciousness has a specific tone or opinions with it?

Example: I see something moving, there's contact. Then there's an unpleasant feeling and perception recognize it as a spider. Mental formations on how to deal with the "threat" of a spider arises. A ...
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121 views

Is experience dependently arisen?

We experience birth , death , cravings , feelings, contact etc.. We also 'experience' ignorance(like self). We also experience choices. We can experience the whole existence as a human or a dog or as ...
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710 views

What is meant by statement “the one who sees Dhamma sees dependent origination”?

In MN 28 following was said : Now this has been said by the Blessed One: “One who sees dependent origination sees the Dhamma; one who sees the Dhamma sees dependent origination.” My questions ...
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4answers
128 views

“..but don't become attached” Do we have control whether we attach or not?

Often I hear above mentioned phrase in regards to sex, music, entertainment and basically everything else that is or seems important. Now the question is: Do we really have control whether we get ...
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Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
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5answers
141 views

Can sankharas and craving arise without attachment?

I have noticed subtle thoughts (sankharas) can spontaneously pop up but mindfulness can quickly cut off & end those subtle thoughts so craving does not arise in relation to those thoughts. I ...
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111 views

Does thought lead to existence?

Is there any dependency on thought for the existence of life ? (Dependency without which life would not come into existence.) Another related question : Does craving for thought lead to craving for ...
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4answers
227 views

What is the difference between destruction of craving and cessation of craving?

There are two suttas, SN 46.26 about destruction of craving and SN 46.27 about the cessation of craving. I was thinking that destruction of craving is same as cessation of craving but the pali word ...
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2answers
235 views

Is it true that whatever is subject to cessation is subject to origination?

Dhamma implies that whatever is subject to origination is subject to cessation. And while this discourse was being spoken, there arose in that bhikkhu the dust-free, stainless vision of the ...
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112 views

Due to coming together of what does the dream arise?

Buddha explains how world came to be by saying eye and forms come together to create eye consciousness. Coming together of eye, forms and eye-consciousness created contact. Contact lead to feelings ...
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3answers
175 views

How can Name-and-form be the cause and condition for the manifestation of the consciousness aggregate?

In SN 22.82 Buddha says Name and Form is the cause and condition for the manifestation of Consciousness aggregate. “The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause and condition for the ...
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72 views

Can we define craving without mentioning self?

Namo Buddhaya. According to the Mahayana Pratityasamutpadavibhanganirdesa Sutra, there are three cravings: craving for the sense-realm, craving for the form-realm, and craving for the formless-realm....
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5answers
581 views

Can we reach Nirvana without removing ignorance?

Namo Buddhaya. I am learning dependent origination. If we follow the dependent origination strictly then by cutting off craving , the attachment ceases to be and with cessation of attachment, ...
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105 views

How can consciousness arise without the fuel?

Namo Buddhaya. Craving is said to be the root of the fuel. Without fuel consciousness can not arise. However in the dependent origination craving manifests very late in the sequence of dependent ...
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2answers
317 views

What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
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40 views

Does it make sense to talk about origin of self?

In dependent origination at what stage self comes into picture ? Does self originate ?
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How does Paticcasamuppada or 12 Links of Dependent Origination relate to Aversion?

Buddha mentions in the Paticcasamuppada that craving leads to clinging and this leads to existence ,birth and death. In other places Buddha mentions that Aversion is a very unwholesome state of mind ...
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78 views

Can I say my Dhamma is Kamma?

I bear the brunt of my Karma. Nobody else. Self is so clearly elucidated by the theory of Kamma. Whatever I did in the past is responsible for what happens to me in the present and future. Effect of ...
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255 views

Is the new “Spread Mind” philosophy actually Buddhism?

I recently stumbled upon a fascinating series of conversations on consciousness in the New York Review of Books by an MIT Fulbright scholar named Riccardo Manzotti. That series led me to his The ...
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216 views

Is causation (hetu) in SN 22.82 different to conditions (paccaya) in Dependent Origination?

SN 22.82 and MN 109 state: The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause (hetu) and condition (paccayo) for the manifestation (paññāpanāya) of the form (rupa) aggregate. Contact is the cause ...