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Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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Is continuity just causation?

Is continuity just causation? When a fire is caused by a spark, is that the same kind of continuity as there is in the dependent origination of the skandhas, just with different causes and effects?
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What does 'Ignorance' mean in Dependent Co-Arising?

A while ago I wrote a question here about the relation between dukkha and the sense of self (whether from identity view, from conceit or both). There, most answers said that, indeed, that sense of ...
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A few questions about “becoming”

How is "becoming" (bhava) defined in the context of Dependent Co-arising? If there is craving, will that craving always result in "becoming"? Is there something like craving without "becoming"? ...
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Are all forms of Dukkha related to a sense of self?

A few days ago I started reading books about Paticcasamuppada because I realized how little and shallow was my understanding on this capital matter. Despite getting the gist of it, I still have ...
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Dependent origination and the living arahat

In the 12 nidānas or 12 links of dependent origination, it's clear that the arahat has overcome craving, clinging and ignorance. Craving (tanha), clinging (upādāna) and ignorance (avijjā) have ...
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Does Viññāṇa generate Nāmarūpa in the sense that would make “uploading concsciousness” impossible?

Does Viññāṇa generate Nāmarūpa in the sense that would make "uploading concsciousness" to a computer impossible? I was reading this question on philosophy.stack I'd suspect that it's impossible to ...
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This consciousness turns back; it doesn't go further than name-and-form

In SN 12.65, we read about the cyclic relationship between consciousness and name-and-form, which has been asked in this question. However, this sutta also has the curious phrase in bold below. What ...
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What is the duality of body and external name-and-form?

What is the duality of body and external name-and-form? What is the difference between the two? What is the relationship between the two? From the Balapandita Sutta (SN 12.19) (translated by Bhikkhu ...
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'Sankhara' Dependent Origination: Bhikkhu Analayo vs Bhikkhu Thanissaro. Which is right?

About 'sankhara' in Dependent Origination as found in SN 12.2 of the Pali suttas, Bhikkhu Analayo said the following: Bhikkhu Thanissaro said the following: Which is right and why? Bhikkhu Analayo ...
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How can we use the triple round model to understand dependent origination?

In the Visuddhimagga (but not in the suttas) and possibly other commentaries, we can find the triple round model, which can be used to explain dependent origination (paticcasamuppada). The first ...
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How does an arahant know that ignorance won't return/re-arise after death?

The earlier aspects that now seem less relevant imo: ---How can it be known that ignorance won't return/re-arise and why won't it return/re-arise if there is no consciousness after death? ---...
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Regarding Nicca and Anicca natures of Avidya and Prajna

If Tanha (Craving) is caused by Avidya (Ignorance), and Avidya is originated and sustained by Tanha, then the origination of Avidya is part of a recursive cycle with no beginning. Yet Prajna (Wisdom) (...
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In the Dependent Origination formula, shouldn't perception precede craving instead of feeling?

In the paticcasamuppada's formulation of the twelve nidanas, vedana precedes tanha. As far as I currently understand, vedana is just the physiological and psychological -and involuntary- response (...
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If consciousness arises from mental formations is it correct to say that consciousness has a specific tone or opinions with it?

Example: I see something moving, there's contact. Then there's an unpleasant feeling and perception recognize it as a spider. Mental formations on how to deal with the "threat" of a spider arises. A ...
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Is experience dependently arisen?

We experience birth , death , cravings , feelings, contact etc.. We also 'experience' ignorance(like self). We also experience choices. We can experience the whole existence as a human or a dog or as ...
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What is meant by statement “the one who sees Dhamma sees dependent origination”?

In MN 28 following was said : Now this has been said by the Blessed One: “One who sees dependent origination sees the Dhamma; one who sees the Dhamma sees dependent origination.” My questions ...
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“..but don't become attached” Do we have control whether we attach or not?

Often I hear above mentioned phrase in regards to sex, music, entertainment and basically everything else that is or seems important. Now the question is: Do we really have control whether we get ...
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Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
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Can sankharas and craving arise without attachment?

I have noticed subtle thoughts (sankharas) can spontaneously pop up but mindfulness can quickly cut off & end those subtle thoughts so craving does not arise in relation to those thoughts. I ...
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Does thought lead to existence?

Is there any dependency on thought for the existence of life ? (Dependency without which life would not come into existence.) Another related question : Does craving for thought lead to craving for ...
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What is the difference between destruction of craving and cessation of craving?

There are two suttas, SN 46.26 about destruction of craving and SN 46.27 about the cessation of craving. I was thinking that destruction of craving is same as cessation of craving but the pali word ...
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Is it true that whatever is subject to cessation is subject to origination?

Dhamma implies that whatever is subject to origination is subject to cessation. And while this discourse was being spoken, there arose in that bhikkhu the dust-free, stainless vision of the ...
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Due to coming together of what does the dream arise?

Buddha explains how world came to be by saying eye and forms come together to create eye consciousness. Coming together of eye, forms and eye-consciousness created contact. Contact lead to feelings ...
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How can Name-and-form be the cause and condition for the manifestation of the consciousness aggregate?

In SN 22.82 Buddha says Name and Form is the cause and condition for the manifestation of Consciousness aggregate. “The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause and condition for the ...
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Can we define craving without mentioning self?

Namo Buddhaya. According to the Mahayana Pratityasamutpadavibhanganirdesa Sutra, there are three cravings: craving for the sense-realm, craving for the form-realm, and craving for the formless-realm....
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Can we reach Nirvana without removing ignorance?

Namo Buddhaya. I am learning dependent origination. If we follow the dependent origination strictly then by cutting off craving , the attachment ceases to be and with cessation of attachment, ...
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How can consciousness arise without the fuel?

Namo Buddhaya. Craving is said to be the root of the fuel. Without fuel consciousness can not arise. However in the dependent origination craving manifests very late in the sequence of dependent ...
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What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
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Does it make sense to talk about origin of self?

In dependent origination at what stage self comes into picture ? Does self originate ?
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How does Paticcasamuppada or 12 Links of Dependent Origination relate to Aversion?

Buddha mentions in the Paticcasamuppada that craving leads to clinging and this leads to existence ,birth and death. In other places Buddha mentions that Aversion is a very unwholesome state of mind ...
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Can I say my Dhamma is Kamma?

I bear the brunt of my Karma. Nobody else. Self is so clearly elucidated by the theory of Kamma. Whatever I did in the past is responsible for what happens to me in the present and future. Effect of ...
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Is the new “Spread Mind” philosophy actually Buddhism?

I recently stumbled upon a fascinating series of conversations on consciousness in the New York Review of Books by an MIT Fulbright scholar named Riccardo Manzotti. That series led me to his The ...
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Is causation (hetu) in SN 22.82 different to conditions (paccaya) in Dependent Origination?

SN 22.82 and MN 109 state: The four great elements, bhikkhu, are the cause (hetu) and condition (paccayo) for the manifestation (paññāpanāya) of the form (rupa) aggregate. Contact is the cause ...
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Sacca-pabba Is The Reason That Commentary Commented “Viññāṇa Is Jāti And Paṭisandhi”, Right?

In saccapabba of mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta: Jāti is "khandhānaṃ patubhāvo" and "āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho". Khandhānaṃ patubhāvo included viññāṇa-khandha. Viññāṇa-khandha is viññāṇa-paṭiccasamuppāda. Rūpa-...
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How did the suffering of Gautama Buddha arise or co-arise?

As per my understanding during his lifetime, Gautama Buddha, had attained Nibbana with residue. And after death he attained Parinibbana (or Nibbana with no residue). Nibbana with residue is defined ...
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Once ignorance is removed ,is the cessation of suffering automatic?

As per my understanding the only effort I have to make for the cessation of suffering is to realize the Truth as it removes the ignorance. Once I have removed the ignorance rest of the things happen ...
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Who was ignorant about the Truth in the beginning?

In the dependent origin co-arising, ignorance came before consciousness and self.In fact we begin with ignorance. This ignorance is the ignorance about the 4 noble truths. My questions are : Who is ...
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Dhamma riddle? What does it mean?

I found a dhamma riddle below. What do we think it means?
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How does human will fit with Pratītyasamutpāda?

On Tevijjavacchagotta Sutta the Buddha said that in the last ninety-one aeons, no fatalist who denies the power of volitional acts, has ever gone to heaven, except one, who happened to follow the ...
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What is Indra's Net, according to Mahayana Buddhism?

I have heard lot about "Indra's Net". A wiki says that it describes how emptiness and dependent origination are creating the universe. Can anyone provide me a link and book which I should read, to ...
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What does Buddhism add to a Stoic?

Is there any thing that Buddhism can add to a Stoic Pursuit? Below is a friendly laid-back discourse between a Stoic and a Buddhist, which could be used as a guide to what I’m trying to compare. ...
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Did the Buddha speak the Mahanidana Sutta in the Digha Nikaya?

In the Pali suttas, there are scores of suttas about Dependent Origination which take the classic form of the 12 links, the benchmark being SN 12.2. In the Digha Nikaya, there is the Maha-Nidana ...
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Plato's Parmenides, Samsara and Nirvana

Plato's Parmenides contains the following eight deductions: (D1) If the G is, then the G is not F and not con-F in relation to itself. (D2) If the G is, then the G is F and con-F in relation ...
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Six Senses and Four elements

The six senses are arises from NamaRupa in PaticcaSamuppada. NamaRupa paccaya Salayathana. So basically all 6 senses are a combination of Mentality(Nama) and Form (Rupa - which is a combination of the ...
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Consciousness and Name-Form

In the twelve nidanas in the dependent origination it is said that through ignorance arises constructive activities (Sankskara). I do understand that. But the fact that I am still having trouble ...
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Is there a contradiction in the translation of the Bhūmija Sutta?

The Bhūmija Sutta in the Nidanasamyutta of the Samyutta Nikaya appears to be a very important sutta for the Sri Lankan Mahavihara & Buddhaghoṣa school that came to dominate south east Asian ...
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How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination?

How to meditate, lower parts of Dependent Origination with five aggregates ?
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'Kaya-sankhara' in Anapanasati & Paticcasamuppada? Are they related?

The term 'kaya-sankhara' is defined in MN 44 as the 'in & out breathing'. The same term is found in step 4 of Anapanasati & in the 2nd nidana of Paticcasamuppada, as follows: He trains ...
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How should the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' be translated?

In MN 44 is found an explanation of the terms 'kaya, vaci & citta sankhara' (which are terms also found in Anapanasati steps 4, 7 & 8 and in the 2nd nidana of Dependent Origination). Bhikkhu ...
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Is the principle of rebirth falsifiable?

When the Buddha searched for truth in the world he used a method of empiricism. Empiricism is the precursor for modern science and although I believe that rebirth can be verified empirically I am not ...