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Questions tagged [pratityasamutpada]

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskrit:प्रतीत्यसमुत्पाद; Pali: पटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda) is commonly translated as dependent origination or dependent arising. A central concept in the Buddhist tradition that all things arise in dependence upon multiple causes and conditions. The term is also used to refer to a specific application of this general principle — namely the twelve links of dependent origination.

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Why is Dependent Arising (Paṭiccasamuppāda) not included in Satipatthana Sutta?

I ask a similar question here, but why is it that dependent origination is not part of the Satipathanasutta? There are a few references to the origin of the body in section 1 (considering the body) ...
blue_ego's user avatar
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Can you map 12 links of Dependent origination to citta of abhidhamma cithavitthi?

So far these are independently discussed. Can you map at list few links of Dependent origination to the jargons of cittavitthis?
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Deep meaning of Phassa in the Mahānidāna Sutta?

How would one explain when Buddha said in Mahānidāna Sutta, that "rūpakāye adhivacanasamphasso" and "nāmakāye paṭighasamphasso". The meaning of this?
Gamini's user avatar
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What is first? Vedanā (feeling) or saññā (perception)?

Do we feel because we perceive? Or do we perceive because we feel? As per mahā-vedallasutta(MN43) Yaṁ vedeti taṁ sañjānāti, yaṁ sañjānāti taṁ vijānāti. so vedanā -> sañjānāti -> vijānāti But ...
enRaiser's user avatar
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Dependent Origination and "vast emptiness"

Can emptiness due to dependent origination be logically connected to the "vast emptiness" of Bodhidharma and Huineng? A possible connection is that "vast emptiness" of space is the ...
exp8j's user avatar
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6 answers
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How exactly is consciousness created out of the formations, from ignorance, in the Twelve Links of Dependent Origination?

I am reading into and thinking about https://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Twelve_links_of_dependent_origination and the first 3 in particular, which basically is a derivation of consciousness ...
Lance's user avatar
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How does the doctrine of pratītyasamutpāda interact with Dhammapala's interpretation of nibbana?

The doctrine of pratītyasamutpāda states that: all dharmas (phenomena) arise in dependence upon other dharmas: "if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist&...
setszu's user avatar
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Is there a circular reasoning in origin of consciousness?

Dependent Origination says, given the consciousness, name and form arises. But in SN12.65 it says name-form is condition for consciousness: When consciousness exists there are name and form. ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
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Is cessation of feeling same as having no feeling?

In dependent origination , feelings arise due to contact. Craving results from feelings. Cessation of feeling is cessation of suffering. Suppose consciousness is devoid of feelings , that is ,no ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
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How can feelings describe name and form if feelings come after name and form

In dependent origination name and form is described as follows : “And what, bhikkhus, is name-and-form? Feeling, perception, volition, contact, attention: this is called name. The four great elements ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
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How to get rid of Ignorance?

According to dependent origination , ignorance is at the root of suffering. What are the various ways in which we can get rid of ignorance?
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
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Are the meanings of conditions and combination the same?

Anything which is a result of combination can be called conditional. But is the opposite also true ? That is anything which is conditional must be a result of combination. For example - If there is a ...
SacrificialEquation's user avatar
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5 answers
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Can we generalize paticca samuppada?

I came across this article by a long time contributor of this forum. In particular, the article mentioned a definition of paticca samuppada (PS) in Nyanatiloka's Buddhist Dictionary 'dependent ...
Desmon's user avatar
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Misunderstanding of the Buddha’s words on karma

I have often seen the Anguttara Nikaya 4.77 being quoted as in this post against pondering on the precise workings of karma. My question: is there a misunderstanding of the Buddha’s words thus ...
Desmon's user avatar
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“The āsava are the saṅkhāra that are encoded with ignorance [avijjā]”

Given that awakening is accomplished by the destruction of the āsava, understanding what precisely the āsava are (and what they are not) is a key to unraveling the mystery of the Buddha's teaching. At ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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What is the source and meaning of this quote of the Buddha's: "Everything rests upon the tip of intention"?

I've heard this quote in a few places, attributed to the Buddha. Prominently, Tara Brach uses it. It varies sometimes: "Everything rests on the tip of one's motivation." “Everything rests ...
yellow-saint's user avatar
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What is mainly uncovered by Analyzing Causes? Anicca or Dukkha or Anatta?

The Abhidhamma Commentary says: Anicca-characteristic is hidden due to "Non-contemplation of the Rising and falling." Dukkha-characteristic is hidden due to "Shifting of the Postures.&...
Blake's user avatar
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Questions about Chogyam Trungpa's unique presentation of the five skandhas?

I've recently begun reading the new book Cynicism and Magic - Intelligence & Intuition on the Buddhist Path by Chogyam Trungpa. This is my first book by this renowned teacher. In Chapter 3 of this ...
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4 answers
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What exactly is the suffering of self views?

I read the following in the worldly internet: What exactly is the suffering of self views? What exactly is the suffering of self views?
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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If the chain of dependent origination (Pratītyasamutpāda) ends, then isn't the last part independent?

Dependent Origin or Pratītyasamutpāda is defined as It states that all dharmas (phenomena) arise in dependence upon other dharmas And then there are these 12 causes one after another, each depending ...
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What does "becoming" mean in the phrase "the 10 fetters of becoming"?

From Wikipedia's Sutta Pitaka's list of ten fetters: The Pali canon's Sutta Pitaka identifies ten "fetters of becoming". sakkāya-diṭṭhi vicikicchā sīlabbata-parāmāsa kāmacchando vyāpādo ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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Abhidhamma vs Sutta: Did the Buddha teach about the birth of things?

The Abhidhamma acknowledges the Suttas define 'birth' ('jati') as follows: The Section Derived from the Discourses 1.11. Definition of Birth PTS cs 235 Herein, what is ‘with continuation as ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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Abhidhamma cross-referenced with Sutta: Can nama arise without rupa? Is nama four aggregates?

Abhidhamma appears to say nama can arise without rupa in dependent origination, as follows: PTS cs 243 With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process, with a (volitional) process as ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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The Nature of Viññāṇa as a Nidāna in the Cycle of Paṭiccasamuppāda

In the cycle of paṭiccasamuppāda, if we start from avijjā, the next nidāna is that of saṅkhāra which in turn conditions the origin of viññāṇa, loosely termed as consciousness. This viññāṇa in turn ...
Sushil Fotedar's user avatar
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4 answers
267 views

Lokuttara Paṭicca-samuppāda and the Spiral Path

The doctrine of paṭicca-samuppāda, or dependent arising, forms one of the core teachings of the Buddha. The Theravāda commentarial text Nettipakaraṇa divides the applications of this doctrine into two ...
Sushil Fotedar's user avatar
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5 answers
330 views

How could one know that Nibbana is the cessation of consciousness if there is no consciousness?

How could one know that Nibbana is the cessation of consciousness if there is no consciousness? I can't see how one could know.
Angus's user avatar
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What is (re)born? Did the Buddha explicitly state that it is "the mental idea of the self" that is reborn?

It's been asserted by some knowledgeable individuals that the Buddha explicitly identified "the mental idea of the self" as what is (re)born in samsara and has done so in suttas spelling out ...
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Difference between the Scientific Law of Causality and the Buddhist Law of Conditionality

What is the difference between the scientific law of causality and the Buddhist law of conditionality (Paṭiccasamuppāda)? I am not convinced with the way Ven. Bikkhu Bodhi, for example, has drawn the ...
Sushil Fotedar's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
251 views

Why ancient Prasangika buddhist Chandrakirti claimed "There is no chariot which depends on its parts"?

Today during reference checking I arrived at this wiki page, where the famous ancient Prasangika buddhist Chandrakirti claimed "There is no chariot which depends on its parts"? But per the ...
cinch's user avatar
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2 answers
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What are Buddhist views about free will? Does the concept of free will vs determinism even apply? Is it a question with a wrong assumption? [duplicate]

There are mainly 3 western views: Free Will is real & I believe in it. Free Will is an illusion but I live my life assuming it is real because it is a healthy assumption. A compatibilist that ...
Luv's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
134 views

What is the meaning of “becoming, birth, old age & death” in the 12 links?

Finding resources to better understand the meaning of the 12 links of dependent origination has been challenging for me. The best resource I've been able to find to decipher the meaning thus far is ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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2 answers
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Dependent Origination: causes vs conditions?

I suspect that I am not alone in having a fuzzy understanding of precisely what the difference is between a ”cause” and a “condition” in the Buddha's teachings on Dependent Origination. A concrete ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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2 answers
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Meditations on Paṭiccasamuppāda

While meditating on Dependent Origination, I have come to understand certain things that I hesitatingly put forth here: Though the links in the chain of Dependent Origination are cyclical in nature, ...
Sushil Fotedar's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
260 views

Why is “nibbana” considered to be “unconditioned”?

I’m aware that a similar question has been asked before: How is Nibbana unconditioned? However, I’m looking for an answer (1) in the language of science that is (2) clear and comprehensible to readers ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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3 votes
8 answers
271 views

Is dependent co-arising an "IF AND ONLY IF A THEN B" relation?

"IF AND ONLY IF A THEN B" means if you get B you get A, if you get A you get B, if you don't get B you don't get A, and if you don't get A you don't get B. Does dependent co-arising have the ...
Damith's user avatar
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2 votes
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What are Sensuality, Strings of Sensuality, and Fermentation of Sensuality?

Can someone explain sensuality, strings of sensuality, and fermentation of sensuality thoroughly? I want to know, What is it? The main cause for it. The result of it. Where it lies in the dependent ...
Damith's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
115 views

'Antarabhava' existence between rebirth and the death

Does a state called "Antarabhava" an existence between death and rebirth exist? Traditional Theravada sources, highly respected scholars and texts in Abhidhamma directly decline this as ...
Ravindu Dissanayake's user avatar
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3 answers
95 views

Dependent Origination, 'here-&-now' & 11th & 12th link

On this site there are some users who claim that birth & death are mental phenomena, while other people argue that it's something physical. Contextually, the Buddha lived in a time where other ...
Val's user avatar
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Understanding Saṅkhāra in dependent origination as *choices* of body, speech and mind?

Continuing to try to understand Dependent Origination from my own reading of the suttas as well trying to grok the understanding of other skilled practitioners and I've come across an interesting ...
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5 answers
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Did Buddha explain Dependent Origination as an upaya or skillful means? If so, why?

Inspired by this answer... Is the specific formulation of Dependent Origination in the early buddhist texts an upaya and/or skillful means? If so, how approximate is it? Are there other conceptual ...
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3 answers
169 views

Do visual objects have karma?

According to Nagarjuna, the second causal link (sankhara, motivations) and the tenth causal link (bhava, gestation) are two karmas through which sentient beings trigger seven sufferings identified ...
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2 answers
99 views

Where is ignorance, and why does it not end with death?

Where is ignorance, and why does it not end with death? Can we experience it? Does it have to be actively conditioning formations for us to experience it, or can we know this nidana even when freed ...
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4 answers
711 views

Misconception about remembering past lives?

I have been digging really deep into the philosophy of Buddha. What I have come to know is that Buddha has never talked about remembering past lives in any original text. If he has then please let me ...
user17389's user avatar
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3 answers
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Tanhā Jālinī Sutta and Self-Views

This answer by Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena noted the self-views, in the Tanhā Jālinī Sutta, that promote clinging to a self. I wish here to verify my understanding, namely that these views are ...
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1 vote
2 answers
347 views

How to interpret "cessation"?

Throughout the suttas, we find the following stock passage: "Now from the remainderless fading & cessation of that very ignorance comes the cessation of fabrications. From the cessation of ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
393 views

How does dependent origination and the skandhas fit together?

I’m having trouble seeing whether the idea of the five skandhas is meant to fit within dependent origination in any way, or whether the two theories are meant to be applied as complements to each ...
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3 answers
75 views

In Dependent Co-Arising, is Dukkha a Sankhara, a Vedana, both, or none?

How should I understand dukkha (in all its amplitude and semantic complexity), if I want to see it through the lens of Dependent Co-Arising? Where is it classified, apart from the final nidana? Is ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
1 vote
7 answers
226 views

I had a no-self experience, why is it a good state?

I've been meditating for about 4 months without (seemingly) getting somewhere up till about 2 weeks ago when something clicked for me after watching some interviews and talks from Gary Weber and ...
Matan Tsuberi's user avatar
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2 answers
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Is ignorance a kammically active volitional formation, or a kammically passive fruit of past kamma?

As the title indicates, I'm not sure how to classify 'avijja' in Dependent Co-arising: Is it a volitional formation which produces a certain kind of vipaka, or is it a vipaka in itself? In Bhikkhu ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
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5 answers
207 views

Is it correct that dependent origination will cease to exist if one doesn't have 12 nidanas?

From Pratītyasamutpāda - Wikipedia: dependent origination refers to nothing else but the process of mental conditioning as described by the twelve nidanas So to check if my understanding is ...
Ooker's user avatar
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