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Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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6
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5answers
5k views

What is the difference between Dharmakaya and Sambhogakaya?

Within the Trikāya doctrine (the bodies of the Buddha) I've never felt very clear about the differences between the Dharmakaya and Sambhogakaya. I believe that the Nirmanakaya is the physicality of ...
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3answers
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How to calculate the number of years in a kalpa?

Wikipedia's Kalpa(aeon) in Buddhism article says, In another simple explanation, there are four different lengths of kalpas. A regular kalpa is approximately 16 million years long (16,798,000 years[...
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3answers
382 views

What really Sekha means?

i'm still a bit confused, i know that "sekha" means literally "a learner; in course of perfection" but in some article "sekha" means "a pupil or one under training in a religious doctrine." what i ...
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2answers
241 views

What is Buddhist Modernism?

This question refers to "Buddhist Modernism" however I'm not sure what it is. It is a term that I have heard crop up in a few other places. Is it a reformation movement within Buddhism? If so what is ...
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4answers
412 views

Why are the 16 Unwise Reflections (“shall I exist in future” etc.) considered unwise?

In a quest to find the Buddhist meaning of life, I stumbled upon The Unanswered Questions and the Unwise Reflections (Sabbasava-Sutta), and I am surprised that The Buddha actually advised against ...
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9answers
724 views

How to accept things as-is and live according to as-is?

In the search for meaning and purpose of life, it seems that Buddhism is silent on this issue that many modern people are concerned with. The way to reconcile seems to be "accept things as it is". ...
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10answers
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What is the meaning and/or purpose of life?

According to Buddhism, if exists, what is the meaning of life, and if different, what is the purpose of life? And where does this meaning and purpose come from?
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3answers
617 views

Living worried about the future and reaching mindfulness

I'm going through a lot. It's very easy to be lost in thoughts and worries about the near future, and that leads me to a life of unhappiness. I also feel guilty when I fell happy, because I feel I ...
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3answers
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Buddhist view on out of body experience (OBE)

Wikipedia defines this as, An out-of-body experience (OBE or sometimes OOBE) is an experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside one's body and, in some cases, perceiving ...
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5answers
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Are there different types of emptiness (Śūnyatā)?

Even though emptiness (Śūnyatā) seems like it should just be one thing (concept/experinece/realisation) does it in fact have different types? Can it be categorised in any way? I know Buddhism is very ...
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4answers
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What's Buddhism view on choice, choicelesness and causality?

You see, there is only one constant, one universal, it is the only real truth: causality. Action. Reaction. Cause and effect. (...) Choice is an illusion, created between those with power, and those ...
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2answers
644 views

What kind of influence did Cārvāka had on Buddha's philosophy

I have sometimes heard that Siddhartha Gautama's philosophy was influenced by Cārvāka system of philosophy. Is this true, and if true, to what extent has Cārvāka system influenced Buddhism?
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Is it possible to become UNenlightened?

Is it possible for i.e. an Arhat to become unenlightened after he reached the state of Nirvana? What if an enlightened being gets a severe brain injury by some cause leaving him with amnesia. Could ...
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3answers
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Is there evidence of a Buddhist influence on Greek Stoicism?

Stoic philosophy seems to share a lot with Buddhist wisdom. Since Zeno of Citium (generally credited as the founder of Stoicism) is said to have lived a couple hundred years after Siddhartha Gautama, ...
8
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1answer
311 views

What were Nagarjuna's seminal contributions to Buddhist philosophy?

Nagarjuna's ideas are considered to represent the historical starting point of Mahayana Buddhist philosophy. Can his ideas be considered a clarification of the philosophy presented in the Pali canon? ...
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4answers
516 views

Is there common ground between the Tao Te Ching and Buddhism?

I am interested in Buddhism and the book Tao Te Ching, written by Lao-Tzu in c. 600 BC. Is there common ground between these two Eastern philosophies? link to audio of Tao Te Ching
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3answers
713 views

I have some people coming over who practice Buddhism, what should I know?

My family is helping two people from Nepal to come to the United States to study, and their family will be visiting us temporarily. I was told that their family practices Buddhism, but I find myself ...
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3answers
694 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Anātman view over the Ātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Buddhism and Hinduism is that the first defends Anātman theory whereas the second defends Ātman theory. What are the main arguments in favor of the Anātman ...
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3answers
936 views

Buddhist logic and Nagarjuna

In this article http://aeon.co/magazine/world-views/logic-of-buddhist-philosophy/ Philosopher/Logician Graham Priest talks about some of the differences that Western logic has with Buddhist logic. ...
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22answers
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Why is Buddhism not Nihilism?

I'm familiar with the concept of the middle way and how Buddhism is neither Eternalism nor Nihilism. Not being Eternalism seems straightforward to me - all things are impermanent. However Buddhism not ...
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10answers
4k views

How to combine Buddhism with being a parent?

Buddhist philosophy says that we shouldn't get attached and try to form bonds with something and desire or crave it because everything is essentially impermanent and this will lead to suffering. But ...
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1answer
141 views

How can I work with doubt and existential concerns?

After a 'bad trip' a big hindrance of mine is doubt and the idea that all is just a dream that we have no control over. This brings up terrifying ideas, concepts and images for me. That this may all ...
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2answers
557 views

Why do users of psychedelic drugs tend to gravitate toward Buddhism and other Eastern philosophies? [closed]

This post was submitted to reddit and I thought it might be interesting to re-post it here. I will now copy and paste the body of text the original poster submitted: "It seems like so many people who ...
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1answer
251 views

How can one relate Buddhism epistemology of Thought and Attention to its Western counterpart? [closed]

There are at least two possibilities, and no doubt many more besides. The first one turns around the Cartesian dictum, "Cogito ergo sum", "I think therefore I am". René Descartes got off to a ...
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3answers
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Should Buddhists give their time to helping others?

I'm new to Buddhism. I was familiarizing myself with the "Four Seals" in This Article. The article connects the first truth, that all compounded things are impermanent, to charity. He said that ...
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1answer
422 views

How does Buddhism define abortion? [duplicate]

Abortion is a much-debated topic, and religion frequently plays a role in any such discussion. How does abortion fit into Buddhist faith? Is it considered negative karma by definition, or perhaps ...
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4answers
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How to make a decision based on Buddhist principles?

I have been practicing Buddhism since a child, about twenty years. Throughout my adult life I have been trying to combine my practical life with my Buddhist beliefs. In some situations, however, I ...
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10answers
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How and when should a child be introduced to Buddhism?

My son will be four soon. I would like to introduce him to Buddhist philosophy, and some meditation practices. However, stillness is, at this point, completely foreign to his personality :) My wife ...
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6answers
935 views

How compatible are the beliefs of atheists and Buddhism?

I looked around and found a couple of questions and answers on the site that discuss atheism in Buddhism, What is the difference between learning the Buddhist way and simply learning from life? & ...
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2answers
326 views

Does Buddhism have a significant notion of justice

Owen Flanagan in this podcast argued while Buddhism has an extremely well developed notion of compassion, it doesn't have a significant notion of justice. He contrasts this with ancient Greek ...
12
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2answers
663 views

Relation to Jainism

I've read that Jainism is one of the oldest Indian traditions, that Buddhism somewhat derived from it and that at some time they rivaled (I'm not sure if this was a political thing). Can you explain ...
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7answers
905 views

How does Buddhism describe God?

I've encountered many ideas about the identity of God, ranging from the omniscient, omnipresent, omnipotent as in Judeo-Christian cultures, to that of one who has reached enlightenment. Is it ...
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8answers
658 views

What is the difference between learning the Buddhist way and simply learning from life?

What is different about being a Buddhist than an atheist? As far as I can tell, "western" thought is a mix of different philosophical approaches that can be applied to life with a dose of common ...
6
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2answers
896 views

Dualism of mind and matter in Buddhism

From a source which I don't remember any more (some rather scientific book on Buddhist philosophy) I have made a note, that the psyche in Buddhism is seen or can be seen (by certain schools?) as ...
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16answers
2k views

Is Buddhism a religion or a philosophy?

A claim which is often heard in connection with Buddhism is that it is not a religion. From a scientific point of view, is it a religion, or is it not?
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8answers
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Do Buddhists believe in gods?

As far as I know, many Buddhists believe in multiple gods. Doesn't this contradict the idea that the world is governed by the law of karma? Is praying to gods allowed?
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13answers
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How compatible are Buddhism and Communism?

Despite communism as practiced (as opposed to what Marx might have had in mind) being the source of some of the largest slaughter of lay and monastic Buddhists ever (except maybe the Imperial Chinese)....
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1answer
390 views

Where are the Eight Worldly Winds and how to deal with them described?

To refresh your memory, the Eight Worldly Winds are: Pleasure Pain Praise Blame Gain Loss Fame Ill-repute
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12answers
3k views

What determines whether actions are good or bad?

In a large number of religions, 'good' and 'bad' are defined by some all-powerful diety who either sends a representative or himself to tell us about what exactly they want us mortals to do. In ...
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4answers
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What are the Four Immeasurables (aka Four Noble Abodes)?

Also known as the Four Noble Dwellings or the Buddhist Virtues or the Brahmaviharas. Where in the Pali Canon are these described?
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3answers
200 views

What is the Noble Eightfold Path?

Where is the Noble Eightfold Path found in the Pali Canon? Are there significant differences among the traditions in its interpretation?
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6answers
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What are the Four Noble Truths?

What are they? Where are they found in the literature? Are there any significant differences in them among the traditions?
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6answers
590 views

So many Buddhist schools!

Why does Buddhism have so many variations, like Zen, Nembutsu, True world, Nichiren Buddhism, etc.? Why is Buddhist philosophy not uniform?
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8answers
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What does Buddhism literature and tradition say about transgender folks?

This may seem like a question that is far too modern for an ancient tradition, but when I traveled in Thailand I learned that katoeys (male-to-female) are a legal gender in Thailand. What does ...
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8answers
7k views

What is the difference between relative and absolute truth in Buddhist philosophy?

Many Buddhist texts and teachings make a distinction between absolute and relative truth. Please explain the difference and give some examples.
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6answers
829 views

What are “Supernatural mental abilities” in relation to Buddhism?

In this question How to help non-Buddhists understand a young person's desire to be ordained as a monk?, one of the "selling points" listed was: 5) Supernatural mental abilities (astral travel, ...
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6answers
8k views

Relationship between Buddhism, Hinduism and Yoga?

All these 3 philosophy/religions are born across Tibet/Nepal/India and they all share numerous concept and practice. Some points of connections could be: Noble Eightfold Path are very similar to ...
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4answers
243 views

How do we sense the flow of time?

According to the Abhidhamma, at each given instant there is a consciousness that arises and ceases completely before the next consciousness arises. Each consciousness is only aware of the present ...