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Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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3answers
133 views

Awakened Great Zen Master Seung Sahn - is it possible he lost the state of Nibbana?

From my understanding of awakening (and also according to answers here like Is it possible to become UNenlightened?), it is an irreversible process. It makes sense in theory as, once one awakens, ...
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6answers
217 views

Interdependence in regards to myself and the universe

As I was meditating this morning I asked myself the question, "If I am destroyed would the universe also be destroyed?". I answered, "No." Then I asked, "If the universe was destroyed, would I be ...
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1answer
83 views

Different Pali words for remorse or regret

The Pali word for remorse or regret in the definition of the five hindrances (in MN 10) is "kukucca". Sometimes, this word is also translated as worry or anxiety. This word usually appears together ...
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3answers
241 views

What's the difference between remorse and shame of evil?

Remorse or regret (kukucca) is supposed to be unwholesome, while shame of evil (hiri) is wholesome. What is the difference between the two? Why is one wholesome, while the other isn't?
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1answer
220 views

How is the pendulum understood in Buddhism?

I've seen the pendulum is widely used as an illustration for finding a neutral, balance point between the extremes. Its movement is also periodic which shares the same characteristic with samsara. It ...
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4answers
613 views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
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1answer
125 views

Did Dignaga argue against real relations?

Did Dignaga argue against real relations? I gather that his student, Dharmakirti, did. I'm asking only because I'd disagree, but am skeptical about universals.
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8answers
339 views

What is the substantial cause of an instance of consciousness?

Context: I'm considered a skeptic of rebirth in my tradition which is the Gelug branch of Tibetan Buddhism. I'm asking this question to help me understand what other traditions think. In my tradition ...
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4answers
220 views

Do Buddhists believe Buddha to be God? Do Buddhists practice idolatry?

I have seen Buddhists worship Gautam Buddha, a great personality, a great philosopher, a great social reformer and spiritual master, with incense and candles. They would offer flower to his idol made ...
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1answer
139 views

How is Nichiren Buddhism different from other branches of Buddhism?

Nichiren Buddhism is a branch Mahayana Buddhism founded by Nichiren in the 13th century Japan. How is it different from other sects and branches of Buddhism? What are it's tenets, philosophy and ...
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4answers
196 views

Does MN9 imply a cyclic causation? How does it work?

The Nanamoli and Bodhi translation of MN9 states in 2 excerpts: With the arising of the taints there is the arising of ignorance. With the cessation of the taints there is the cessation of ...
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2answers
224 views

What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
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3answers
77 views

When saying that the aggregate is not-self are we not predicting the existence of a thing called self?

Parmenides, a presocratic philosopher, said: The only roads of inquiry there are to think of: one, that it is and that it is not possible for it not to be, this is the path of persuasion (for ...
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4answers
167 views

Is it fair to say that Buddhism employ misology?

The question is straightforward as it read, but to elaborate I will give some examples. I think most people will agree that reason is what is special about human beings, and most religions and ...
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6answers
121 views

Does it matter if the mind is neurologically originated or not?

For example, in this answer, we find Buddhists insisting that the mind is not a "byproduct" of the brain, i.e. the mind does not arise neurologically in the brain. By neurology, I mean that according ...
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3answers
102 views

What is beyond the realm of Gods.

After have studied Hinduism, and more modern reality creation referring to concepts such as higher vibrations, higher realms that exists beyond our material, such as the astral or heavenly. Also ...
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2answers
158 views

Is luminous mind unconditioned and not impermanent?

In AN1.51-52, we find a description of the luminous mind. The Pali version can be found here. The description in 51-52 implies that it is pre-existing. It's just that the ordinary worldling doesn't ...
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3answers
155 views

Does Nirvana have svabhava in Madhyamaka?

As suggested in this comment, we shall try to look more closely into this. Does Nirvana have svabhāva in Madhyamaka? Here, svabhāva is as defined in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka, and commonly translated ...
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7answers
2k views

What exactly is svabhava?

What exactly is svabhāva in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka? It is translated as inherent nature or inherent existence or inherent substance. But what does that really mean? Does it carry the same meaning as ...
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2answers
115 views

Usefulness of Madhyamaka to personal practice?

In my opinion, the Sutta Pitaka and Mahayana Agamas (the Mahayana equivalent of the Pali suttas) discuss the nature of the self (anatta, empty of self, dependent arising) in such a way that it is ...
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4answers
2k views

What is yoniso manasikara and ayoniso manasikara?

As suggested in this answer, it is a good idea to investigate this further. What is wise reflection (yoniso manasikāra) and unwise reflection (ayoniso manasikāra)? Yoniso manasikāra is also ...
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6answers
242 views

Cessation of suffering is the main goal of Buddhism, but is cessation of suffering the end goal or does Buddhism pursue Joy beyond end of suffering?

I ask the above because Socrates in the Republic has proven that the cessation of suffering is a quietude of the mind, an illusion or a jugglery not real. What we should we aim according to him is not ...
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10answers
241 views

Is Buddhism a religion?

I want to know that what is Buddhism and is it a religion or just a philosophy or a exercise ? I really want to know more about it , is there a book about learning Buddhism?
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2answers
91 views

Emptiness and Om

Somewhere reading the book i found something sensible like 'You think you're right , i think i'm right but at last we're neither right neither wrong.' So what is that which is neither right neither ...
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3answers
136 views

What would be the motivation for an arahant to perform generous deeds?

In the early stages of the gradual training, the instructions point out to perform generous deeds out of compassion. Knowing that a arahant has no more any trace of desire or self-identification and ...
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3answers
283 views

How do you understand Ananda Sutta?

How do you understand the Ananda Sutta? How do you place it in relation to the Atman or Anatta (An-atman) doctrine? SN 44.10 Then the wanderer Vacchagotta went to the Blessed One and, on arrival, ...
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4answers
111 views

How does the 2nd Noble truth explain the cause of suffering-as-suffering (e.g. resulting from a severe burn)?

I would like to ask question regarding the 4 Noble Truths. The second Noble Truth broadly speaking is that suffering is a result of craving, aversion and ignorance. I can see how this can been seen as ...
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8answers
755 views

Hesitation between Buddhism and Advaita Vedanta

I hesitate between Buddhism and Advaita Vedanta. Buddhism pleases me very much for its willingness to seek an end to suffering, being depressed it speaks to me a lot. But intellectually, ...
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3answers
79 views

Decoupling happiness from state of the world: Useful? Against human nature?

I'm currently reading the book "Happiness - a guide to developing life's most important skill" by Matthieu Ricard (my first real contact with buddhism/buddhist philosophy). I found the argument he ...
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6answers
925 views

Everything I do is motivated by greed/aversion. How to react?

I just came to a very upsetting realisation : Almost all my motivation for the things I do in my daily life (mostly playing the piano and studying math in college) comes from bad things, such as ego, ...
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2answers
64 views

If someone causes me pain but I don’t lament it, feel sorrow about it- what circumstance, if any, warrants acting against the person causing pain?

Step 1: Some person causes me pain Step 2: let’s say I stay neutral about pain, pain does not cause me sorrow, and I don’t feel even slightest feelings of ill will towards that person — all because ...
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1answer
48 views

Has any Buddhist philosopher claimed space is ideal because it is a whole?

Has any Buddhist philosopher claimed space is ideal because it is a whole, and wholes can't be real? With emphasis on space, not what takes it up, except perhaps to say they're "in" space likes parts ...
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3answers
103 views

What was the reason why Buddha taught reincarnation?

Although Buddha (Siddhartha) taught that humans had no soul, nevertheless he taught that there is a reincarnation. My question is not how these two 'dogmas' are compatible but why he 'needed' ...
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3answers
78 views

Tolerating Sensations VS Diminishing them

I was wondering something. Basically, I was wondering whether sensations, such as suffering: (1) naturally occur within the person, as pleasure and pain, or happiness and suffering, and it is their ...
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7answers
126 views

Upekkha and Non-attachment in Buddhism

I have read on Wikipedia, after an enlightening answer on here, that upekkha signifies not total indifference, but that: The "far enemy" of Upekkha is greed and resentment, mind-states in obvious ...
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5answers
329 views

Demotivation and Nihilism

I am curious as to how Buddhism deals with demotivation, in the sense of lacking goals and aspirations, and with nihilism, in the sense of feeling things are dissatisfactory and devoid of reasons to ...
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3answers
345 views

How to stop comparing oneself with others?

I'm wondering how Buddhism deals with the comparison of oneself with others, and I'm specifically thinking in terms of accomplishments. For example, I have usually had some success in art fields in my ...
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1answer
119 views

Does Krishnamurti claim of No Path, No Progress, No Goal fit with Buddhist thought?

Quoted below is an article posted on BuddhaNet Magazine relating Krishnamurti's philosophy with Buddhism. The writer relates Krishnamurti's view that there is "no "path", no procedures, no ...
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4answers
86 views

Mutually Exclusive Approaches

I had begun writing a question, but it was so long I needed to re-frame it simply in fewer words. The basic theme of my question was: aren't some Buddhist techniques mutually exclusive? The simplest ...
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7answers
154 views

Certainty and Skeptical Investigation

I know Buddhism promotes skeptical investigation, and finding things out with a personal conviction about them, i.e. not believing the Buddha on hearsay but rigorous examination. I wonder: how is ...
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1answer
42 views

Is there a thought in Buddhism which stand for the thinker itself as a thought?

Usually our thoughts have a certain content or object, but in some way one can say that it is the person who has the thoughts. But is there also a mental thought involved of this thinker as a thought? ...
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3answers
787 views

Emptiness in Theravada and Mahayana

What is the difference between the concept of emptiness (Śūnyatā in Sanskrit, or suññatā in Pali) in the Theravada tradition and the concept of emptiness in the Mahayana tradition? From my basic ...
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6answers
545 views

How are good and bad Karmas determined in Buddhism?

One important thing that Hindus and Buddhists agree on is the law of Karma. That is, there are certain actions which will lead a person to have a positive experience in future, either in this life or ...
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3answers
362 views

What are the traditional Buddhist arguments for rebirth?

According to Buddhist philosophy, there are two Pramanas or means of valid knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception and Anumana or inference. (This is in contrast to most Hindus who believe in ...
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5answers
120 views

Buddhism - Is it a religion? [duplicate]

I disagreed from the very beginning, after understanding some Buddhist philosophy, that it is not a religion. In my opinion, it is not a religion but a lifestyle or administration under which ...
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4answers
110 views

Second Noble Truth

I am reading multiple interpretations of the 2nd noble truth. Most of the sources indicate that it is craving, desires, wanting. Some sources talk about wrong understanding of reality and itself, ...
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2answers
451 views

Help me to understand the concept of Svalakshan & Savikalpaka jnana intuitively

I've found this phrase- Buddhist logic school of Dignāga and Dharmakīrti, which flourished in medieval Kashmir. According to this school, the foundation of knowledge is a series of momentary and ...
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2answers
107 views

Is my guilt natural?

I find this troubling. My poor relationship with my adult children causes me distress. Logic and the dharma would suggest that severing ties with them would be a positive for both sides. But I cannot ...
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5answers
179 views

Has anyone read Nagarjuna as claiming only that an effect is never its cause?

Has anyone read Nagarjuna as claiming only that an effect can never be conceived of as its cause? I'm asking because it would neatly fit my own views on how to understand science, as well as I think ...
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3answers
501 views

Insight in Buddhism

What is "insight" the "knowing that I know" in Buddhism? I understand the concept of consciousness a bit better but what about having Insight.