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Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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Buddhist view on out of body experience (OBE)

Wikipedia defines this as, An out-of-body experience (OBE or sometimes OOBE) is an experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside one's body and, in some cases, perceiving ...
dmsp's user avatar
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3 votes
9 answers
948 views

How to accept things as-is and live according to as-is?

In the search for meaning and purpose of life, it seems that Buddhism is silent on this issue that many modern people are concerned with. The way to reconcile seems to be "accept things as it is". ...
Jake's user avatar
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4 answers
121 views

Mutually Exclusive Approaches

I had begun writing a question, but it was so long I needed to re-frame it simply in fewer words. The basic theme of my question was: aren't some Buddhist techniques mutually exclusive? The simplest ...
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3 votes
3 answers
666 views

How to stop comparing oneself with others?

I'm wondering how Buddhism deals with the comparison of oneself with others, and I'm specifically thinking in terms of accomplishments. For example, I have usually had some success in art fields in my ...
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2 votes
2 answers
157 views

What are false unchanging entities?

I am having trouble with the concept of "unchanging entities which exist on their own". Attachment to the false view of self means belief in the presence of unchanging entities which exist on their ...
Stanley's user avatar
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2 votes
7 answers
407 views

Is the Dhamma / morality objective?

Does the Dhamma allow the philosophical establishment of an objective and/or universal morality without God? If yes, how? Do all beings intuitively know what is right and what is wrong deep within ...
Kalapa's user avatar
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1 vote
6 answers
410 views

Cessation of suffering is the main goal of Buddhism, but is cessation of suffering the end goal or does Buddhism pursue Joy beyond end of suffering?

I ask the above because Socrates in the Republic has proven that the cessation of suffering is a quietude of the mind, an illusion or a jugglery not real. What we should we aim according to him is not ...
user12965's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
5k views

Hypocrisy of Buddhism

Aren't Buddhists (with Buddhist I refer to an ideal Buddhist or Buddhists monk) actually not doing enough to prevent harm in this world? So, Buddhists don't have any attachment to things and work ...
Neithrik's user avatar
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11 votes
10 answers
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How and when should a child be introduced to Buddhism?

My son will be four soon. I would like to introduce him to Buddhist philosophy, and some meditation practices. However, stillness is, at this point, completely foreign to his personality :) My wife ...
Beofett's user avatar
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10 votes
6 answers
2k views

What are the Four Noble Truths?

What are they? Where are they found in the literature? Are there any significant differences in them among the traditions?
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9 votes
7 answers
770 views

Do metta practices and anatta contradict each other?

When I was taught the Metta Bhavna meditation practice it was suggested that I repeat the following to myself May I be well May I be happy May I be free Then again repeating the same again to ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
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9 votes
5 answers
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How to not slip into Nihilism from Vipassana?

I am sensing this disenchantment from letting go. Meditating on impermanence feels like nihilism to me. There is a fleeting moment of joy from the liberation and just watching emotions go by. And I ...
esh's user avatar
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9 votes
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mind-body relationship

“finding a place for the mind in a world that is fundamentally physical” —has been puzzled over for centuries, and is unlikely to be resolved any time soon. The reason is that apparently every ...
Shrawaka's user avatar
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9 votes
3 answers
883 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Anātman view over the Ātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Buddhism and Hinduism is that the first defends Anātman theory whereas the second defends Ātman theory. What are the main arguments in favor of the Anātman ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

What are the Four Immeasurables (aka Four Noble Abodes)?

Also known as the Four Noble Dwellings or the Buddhist Virtues or the Brahmaviharas. Where in the Pali Canon are these described?
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4 answers
568 views

How is the Concept of Consciousness in Psychology Related to the parallel Buddhism concepts?

Philosopher Dan Dennett makes a compelling argument that not only don't we understand our own consciousness, but that half the time our brains are actively fooling us. (The illusion of consciousness) ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
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3 answers
796 views

Insight in Buddhism

What is "insight" the "knowing that I know" in Buddhism? I understand the concept of consciousness a bit better but what about having Insight.
Carlos Raimundo's user avatar
6 votes
5 answers
7k views

What is the difference between Dharmakaya and Sambhogakaya?

Within the Trikāya doctrine (the bodies of the Buddha) I've never felt very clear about the differences between the Dharmakaya and Sambhogakaya. I believe that the Nirmanakaya is the physicality of ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
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6 votes
4 answers
319 views

What is the Noble Eightfold Path?

Where is the Noble Eightfold Path found in the Pali Canon? Are there significant differences among the traditions in its interpretation?
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6 votes
9 answers
2k views

A Buddhist Point of View of Virtual Reality

Buddhism teaches that what is real is experience; seeing, hearing, smelling, tasting, feeling, thinking. From this perspective, is virtual reality, (video games, Oculus Rift, and such) objectively ...
Robin111's user avatar
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6 votes
6 answers
938 views

The thorny issue of anatta

(English is not my mother tongue, sorry in advance if I make mistakes) I recently read Thanissaro Bhikkhu's writings [1] [2] on anatta and although I found his arguments persuasive I am still ...
Kalapa's user avatar
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6 votes
8 answers
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What is the difference between learning the Buddhist way and simply learning from life?

What is different about being a Buddhist than an atheist? As far as I can tell, "western" thought is a mix of different philosophical approaches that can be applied to life with a dose of common ...
Rafael Emshoff's user avatar
6 votes
9 answers
650 views

What is the substantial cause of an instance of consciousness?

Context: I'm considered a skeptic of rebirth in my tradition which is the Gelug branch of Tibetan Buddhism. I'm asking this question to help me understand what other traditions think. In my tradition ...
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5 votes
12 answers
1k views

Rejecting clinging to both pleasure and displeasure

I recently listened to a talk by Ajahn Chah, in which he mentions (@ ~14:20-14:53) that wisdom is found when one clings to neither pleasure nor displeasure. This really created a dilemma in my head ...
kg5425's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
620 views

What is the meaning of 'compounded' & 'uncompounded'?

Some texts speak of 'compounded' phenomena etc. What does it mean for something to be 'compounded' or 'uncompounded'? For the former, does it just mean 'things that are composed of other things, ...
cgtk's user avatar
  • 556
5 votes
2 answers
384 views

Does Buddhism have a significant notion of justice

Owen Flanagan in this podcast argued while Buddhism has an extremely well developed notion of compassion, it doesn't have a significant notion of justice. He contrasts this with ancient Greek ...
Crab Bucket's user avatar
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5 votes
13 answers
7k views

How compatible are Buddhism and Communism?

Despite communism as practiced (as opposed to what Marx might have had in mind) being the source of some of the largest slaughter of lay and monastic Buddhists ever (except maybe the Imperial Chinese)....
MatthewMartin's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
875 views

What are conditioned as opposed to unconditioned phenomena?

I have come across the term 'conditioned phenomena'; what is meant by the qualifier 'conditioned'; are all phenomena conditioned, or are some phenomena unconditioned?
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
5 votes
7 answers
962 views

Is Buddhism Free will or Determinism

What is the position of Buddhism in regards to free will and Determinism? What would be the correct position of Buddhism and could you use an analogy to describe to me the correct view of Buddhism ...
NewBuddhistPractitioner's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
407 views

How does the buddhist teachings differentiate between reality and perception?

How does the buddhist teachings differentiate between reality and perception ? Can anyone point me to on-line resources where in I can read more about this topic ?
amijjm's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
940 views

Is Buddhism life negating?

Thinking of Buddhism a lot lately and I really love the concepts in it, however I just can't seem to find Buddhism to have a potential to become an universal philosophy as it seems very life negating. ...
Neithrik's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
610 views

Why are the 16 Unwise Reflections ("shall I exist in future" etc.) considered unwise?

In a quest to find the Buddhist meaning of life, I stumbled upon The Unanswered Questions and the Unwise Reflections (Sabbasava-Sutta), and I am surprised that The Buddha actually advised against ...
Jake's user avatar
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5 votes
6 answers
429 views

Did the Buddha ever define what he meant by "self"?

Added: I am asking this because I am not sure if anything I observe would be considered "self" according to the Buddha. I don't have this problem with craving or suffering because I can observe/...
Angus's user avatar
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4 votes
14 answers
470 views

Is Buddhism a religion?

I want to know that what is Buddhism and is it a religion or just a philosophy or a exercise ? I really want to know more about it , is there a book about learning Buddhism?
Heman hisamadiny's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
496 views

Impermanence and suffering in Buddhism

I have an intuitive agreement with the idea that impermanence does mean that everything either is or ends in suffering. But I am not sure it makes rational sense. Can anyone explain the arguments ...
fake's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
155 views

Does the Buddha speak of the nature of time, vis-à-vis "past," "future," and "present?"

Physics shows that what we percieve to be the unidirectional arrow of time is an illusion; that time doesn't necessary "flow" in any direction, and that the concepts of past and present are ultimately ...
Zefareu's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
364 views

Is "nāma" an equivalent of the Western concept of "mind"? Is it used alone?

This answer refers to "mind" as a synonym for "nāma". The only relevant use of that word I have found was "nāmarūpa", which refers to the five aggregates. But is "nāma" ever used alone to signify "...
michau's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
568 views

Dharma without Karma?

I simply ask myself rather one could make sense of the Dharma and apply it without the concepts of rebirth and kamma? Though for me it is my personal approach to the Dharma, which i find to be ...
Gérald Long Cordonnier's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
569 views

How is Nichiren Buddhism different from other branches of Buddhism?

Nichiren Buddhism is a branch Mahayana Buddhism founded by Nichiren in the 13th century Japan. How is it different from other sects and branches of Buddhism? What are it's tenets, philosophy and ...
Rahul's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
604 views

How does big bang happen in terms of Buddhism?

Want to know about big bang in terms of Buddhism point of view
Rose's user avatar
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3 votes
7 answers
1k views

How can the theory of emptiness be true and yet the self still transmigrates and takes rebirth?

The Theory of "Emptiness" is the concept that all phenomenon are empty of inherent existence. Something has the illusion of existence when the right causes and conditions arise. Example: there is no ...
atman's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
221 views

Can we generalize paticca samuppada?

I came across this article by a long time contributor of this forum. In particular, the article mentioned a definition of paticca samuppada (PS) in Nyanatiloka's Buddhist Dictionary 'dependent ...
Desmon's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
374 views

Does Buddhism allow for true randomness?

Is the law of dependent origination completely deterministic? If everything is dependent, there should be no true randomness. The current mainstream view of the physicists is that true randomness does ...
draks ...'s user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
256 views

Did the Buddha according to the suttas mean anything else by the word "self" beyond simply the aspect of control/power?

It looks like according to [the Anatta-lakkhana Sutta][1] one aspect that is considered "self" by the Buddha is power or control. Why did he use the word "self" instead of just "complete control/power"...
Angus's user avatar
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3 votes
10 answers
1k views

Why does one suffer because of ignorance if ignorance is unintentional?

It makes no sense that a person would knowingly choose to be ignorant of what causes them suffering, yet people suffer for "their" ignorance anyway. How is a person supposed to "freely/willingly ...
Angus's user avatar
  • 554
3 votes
4 answers
368 views

Schopenhauer’s inexplicable disturbance in the heavenly calm of Nirvana?

Arthur Schopenhauer on his famed work titled “On the suffering of the world” relate as quoted below as to how he think Buddhism's doctrine describe how the world of suffering came into being. Are ...
user avatar
3 votes
6 answers
2k views

Did the Buddha ever refute the view of "extreme metaphysical nihilism" e.g. a view that "nothing is real"?

Important note: I am only using the word "real" only in the sense of meaning "exists and is not an illusion". I am defining "extreme metaphysical nihilism" as the belief that "nothing is real". I ...
Angus's user avatar
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3 votes
7 answers
736 views

What is actually Nirvana -- what are some Tripitaka sources?

What do you know about the Nirvana? Most of this community people are from all around the world, and may have different teachers, and level of knowledge may vary. A brief explanation, with reference ...
PL_Pathum's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
256 views

Scriptural evidence for the role and compatibility of polytheism within Buddhism?

First of all, I would like to clarify that I am extremely new to Buddhism, Hinduism and Indian philosophy in general. I do not particularly consider myself an adherent of any of these traditions. I am ...
Paganus's user avatar
  • 33
2 votes
2 answers
169 views

Apologetics and Upanishads

Are there good apologetic resources (books, audios, sites, etc.) that give the buddhist answer to advaita vedanta and/or hinduism in general? To the substantial model of the atman-brahman or purusha/...
Kalapa's user avatar
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