Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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Central idea of Buddhism

Is the central idea of Buddhism about being totally objective, see things as what they are and don't have a preference or judgement? If that is correct, then why we should prefer the ideas in Buddhism ...
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“Human Dignity” in Buddhism

Can we find a concept of "Dignity" or "Human Dignity" in Buddhism? My understanding is that in the Western World the concept of Human Dignity is used to justify that each of us deserves to be not only ...
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How compatible are the beliefs of atheists and Buddhism?

I looked around and found a couple of questions and answers on the site that discuss atheism in Buddhism, What is the difference between learning the Buddhist way and simply learning from life? & ...
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3answers
142 views

Does meditation giving you 'joy' because there is lack of suffering, or does it give something positive?

Let's say that the summon of meditation is enlightement or nirvana. It is supposed to be a good 'thing'. But is it good because there is no suffering any more, or did you get something instead of it ...
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2answers
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Does the Pali Canon say anything about duty to siblings?

A number of Suttas make very clear the practitioner's duty to his/her parents. Does the Pali Canon say anything about duty to siblings? Thank you
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3answers
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Is it important that the reality of things doesn't exist, instead of just behaving like things don't exist?

In some traditions their philosophy says that concrete things don't really exist, only in the mind like just an experience. But is that vision important, or could just your relation to those things as ...
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3answers
407 views

Do Cittamatra / Yogacara explicitly refute the existence of an external world?

Tibetan texts that belong to the genre of tenets (doctrinal classification) usually claim that the Cittamatra school refutes external existence. These texts further claim that Cittamatrin posit that '...
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2answers
396 views

Soul that splits in seven parts

I clearly remember reading somewhere about (some branch of) Buddhism believing that there is a soul and that it splits in seven parts when dying. The article mentioned that four of these parts are ...
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4answers
150 views

What is a phenomenological perspective?

I have seen in answers on this site (about consciousness in connection with rebirth) that Theravada adhere to a phenomenological perspective on consciousness. Can anyone explain for me what it means ...
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2answers
143 views

Reconciling anātman and ancestor worship/veneration

Buddhism teaches the concept of anattā or anātman. In short: There is no "soul" or "essence", only "processes" within the framework of the five skandhas. This gives the illusion of the individual ...
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2answers
373 views

Did Manjushri, Vajrassatva, Avalokiteshvara live?

Did Manjushri, Vajrassatva or Avalokiteshvara live? Are Manjushri, Vajrassatva or Avalokiteshvara manifestations or special names of Buddhas or Bodhisattva?
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645 views

Reflexive awareness?

Indian philosophers, both Buddhist and others, are divided on how they stand on the issue of reflexive awareness. As I understand it, reflexive awareness can be formulated thus: when I remember ...
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191 views

Is ignorance a form of superstition?

There are many varieties of delusion, and probably many ways to categorize them. I’ve heard one way of categorization that was interesting. This was from Alex Berzin. (Alex Berzin often talks from the ...
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2answers
68 views

Are reasons causes?

When we ask someone "why do you do that?", we are asking for her/his reasons. It someone asks me "why do you play tennis?" and I say "I like to stay fit and I like to have fun. Tennis is good ...
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2answers
400 views

According to Buddhism, what separates humans from animals?

Philosophers throughout history have been trying to pin down what it exactly means to be human - what it is that separates humans from (other) animals. Some have voted for our ability to make ...
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5answers
174 views

Why talk and think about self as noun?

We always talk and think about self as a noun. When reading Buddhist philosophy, I have never seen exceptions to this. Both "common sense looking" and "metaphysical looking" is looking for the self. ...
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572 views

Is Buddhism life negating?

Thinking of Buddhism a lot lately and I really love the concepts in it, however I just can't seem to find Buddhism to have a potential to become an universal philosophy as it seems very life negating. ...
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117 views

Does Buddhism have a model of practical rationality?

A standard model of human practical reasoning is the belief-desire-intention model of action. Very simply put: The agent has a desire (“I want to be a doctor”) and a set of beliefs (“Studying ...
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2answers
659 views

What kind of influence did Cārvāka had on Buddha's philosophy

I have sometimes heard that Siddhartha Gautama's philosophy was influenced by Cārvāka system of philosophy. Is this true, and if true, to what extent has Cārvāka system influenced Buddhism?
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4answers
542 views

What is Inner and Outer Peace and how can I achieve them?

I am bit Confused about Inner and Outer Peace. If they exist, how can I know and how can I achieve them?
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4answers
811 views

What is the role of thinking in Buddhism?

Practitioners and scholars from various schools of Buddhism differ a lot on how they view (conceptual) thinking. For example Tsongkhapa/Gelug put a lot of emphasis on thinking because it is vitally ...
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3answers
623 views

Why is only intentional action considered as Karma, which gives rise to corresponding consequences?

Consider a situation (just a silly example) like this: Suppose I'm walking on a road or grass field, and I know there are living beings like ants and other insects lying down on the surface, but I ...
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1answer
152 views

Does mankind evolve or devolve spiritually? [closed]

Some philosophers have the idea that humanity is undergoing a spiritual evolution. The most famous representative of this idea is G. W. F. Hegel (whose ideas Marx used and later Communism tried to put ...
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754 views

How can killing of Muslims by Buddhists in Myanmar be justified? [duplicate]

Considering whatever atrocities Muslims did (I don't know if they did any) or are going to do, is killing Muslims the only solution the Myanmar Buddhists could adopt? Is it wise? Is violence ...
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1answer
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What is tathata?

Tathata has been described as the ultimate goal of Buddhism. What is tathata? What is the closest thing we experience in everyday life close to tathata? How can we attain knowledge of tathata?
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2answers
268 views

Impermanence and suffering in Buddhism

I have an intuitive agreement with the idea that impermanence does mean that everything either is or ends in suffering. But I am not sure it makes rational sense. Can anyone explain the arguments ...
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1answer
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What if a course lacks a proper introduction to Buddhist philosophy?

I'm new to the practice of Buddhism. But I'm not new to the philosophical ideas of Buddhism. I've just begun a ground course in Tibetan Buddhism. The shamata parts are good, the philosophy parts not ...
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Are there different types of emptiness (Śūnyatā)?

Even though emptiness (Śūnyatā) seems like it should just be one thing (concept/experinece/realisation) does it in fact have different types? Can it be categorised in any way? I know Buddhism is very ...
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4answers
515 views

What is attachment as per Buddhism?

Is attachment some kind of love? Parental love, a smile that comes when we get a glance of a toddler, when we spent money on good for our beloved one's then that time what is it? As per my perception ...
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2answers
908 views

Dualism of mind and matter in Buddhism

From a source which I don't remember any more (some rather scientific book on Buddhist philosophy) I have made a note, that the psyche in Buddhism is seen or can be seen (by certain schools?) as ...
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2answers
2k views

Do parents' karma affect their children?

In Hinduism, it is generally said that children too have a share of their parent's sins & good deeds. So, according to Buddhism, does the karma of a parent (in a direct or indirect way) affect ...
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247 views

How do we sense the flow of time?

According to the Abhidhamma, at each given instant there is a consciousness that arises and ceases completely before the next consciousness arises. Each consciousness is only aware of the present ...
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4answers
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Buddhism and self-improvement

For a person to have a will to change, there must be some dissonance between its real self and a mental image of ideal self. To put simply, one must be dissatisfied with oneself somehow. This ...
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4answers
464 views

Was the doctrine of 'Anatta', accepted as doctrine by modern Buddhism, actually taught by the Buddha?

Understanding of 'Anatta' is key to so much Buddhist meditation practice and philosophy that I've been exposed to but (call me conservative) I gain great confidence when the Buddha himself had ...
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3answers
372 views

Are there rules that prevent chaos in our world?

Is it right to say that, if there is no supreme god, there must be a power or set of rules that prevents chaos in our world? Isn't it natural that if the world is not ruled by god it must be exposed ...
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5answers
738 views

Paradox of the ego - our desire to improve vs Buddhism

There was a question on my mind lately, regarding ego. It is not paradox per se but I find it slightly paradoxical. Because people have such a strong ego, humanity has risen above the animal level. ...
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1answer
75 views

Step siblings and relationships

Lord Buddha once said "The future humans will have unusual lusts and temptations" So when i saw a this in a TV series i couldn't define the line, If two step siblings form a romantic relationship ...
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1answer
67 views

Killing a parent and killing a foster parent

We all know what happens if someone kill a parent but does the same apply to killing a foster parent
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1answer
241 views

Does Buddhism allow for true randomness?

Is the law of dependent origination completely deterministic? If everything is dependent, there should be no true randomness. The current mainstream view of the physicists is that true randomness does ...
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3answers
252 views

Difficulties Maintaining Balance In Between Buddhism Teaching in Today’s Lives

I’m not sure if this is a good question to ask but would be great if anyone could shed some lights. Not sure if it’s just me or anyone of you experiencing the same in one way or another? In workplace ...
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6answers
446 views

How do you decide when to stick up for yourself and when to let things go?

I'm trying to apply Buddhist principles to the way I lead my life, but right now I'm struggling with an issue. In short, the problem is that someone caused damage to our home and refuses to ...
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4answers
804 views

Is Lord Buddha's way applicable to escape from the 'Plato's cave'?

In this Answer for escaping the analogy as shown in Plato's cave. Socrates remarks that this allegory can be taken with what was said before, namely the analogy of the sun and the analogy of the ...
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3answers
345 views

How does the buddhist teachings differentiate between reality and perception?

How does the buddhist teachings differentiate between reality and perception ? Can anyone point me to on-line resources where in I can read more about this topic ?
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1answer
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What are the views considered “false convictions”, and why are they false?

According to Brahmajāla Sutta, there are "62 False Convictions" (Views) regarding the Past & Future. False Convictions Regarding the Past Eternity of the Self and World, ...
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How is meditation considered a good deed?

I have heard it said that meditation is "the greatest good deed". Is this considered to be true in Buddhism? If so, how is meditation superior to all other good deeds? It seems self serving compared ...
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2answers
96 views

Causation without causes

I just reread Bachelor's translation of MMK. It struck me that the argument against causation was that: A cause has no essence in addition to what it is, else it would not be the final cause. But it ...
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4answers
195 views

How and when does one not invest in others in Buddhism?

It is my understanding that there were instances that the Buddha discontinued the teachings to a number of people. Putting aside the concept of me and others, i am often in the situation whereby i ...
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3answers
148 views

Does Theravadin analysis distinguish between implicative and absolute negations?

In Beacon of Certainty (tr. Pettit), Mipham Rinpoche addresses key questions about how to practice based on Madhyamaka philosophy. The first question has to do with distinguishing absolute negation ...
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Hypocrisy of Buddhism

Aren't Buddhists (with Buddhist I refer to an ideal Buddhist or Buddhists monk) actually not doing enough to prevent harm in this world? So, Buddhists don't have any attachment to things and work ...
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308 views

How would Buddhist monks organize countries and the world?

I can't help myself not to find Buddhism utopic. A concept that can only exist for a small group of people. What is the long term plan of the Buddhism? How would Buddhist monks organize countries, ...