Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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Have Buddhist philosophers responded to Adi Shankara's refutation of Buddhism? [duplicate]

Adi Shankara refuted the Buddhist realistic school in his commentary of Brahma Sutra. There are realistic as well as idealistic schools in Buddhism. All things are aggregates, according to Buddhism; ...
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In the movie Spring Summer Fall Winter and Spring what hieroglyphs on master's ears, eyes and mounth means? [closed]

Here is the movie: Spring Summer Fall Winter and Spring 2003 My question is: What that hieroglyphs on master's ears, eyes and mounth means?
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About svasaṃvedana (reflexive awareness) and having bodhicitta

What is your view regarding svasaṃvedana? Do you accept or deny (the existence of) svasaṃvedana? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Svasaṃvedana https://encyclopediaofbuddhism.org/wiki/Svasaṃvedana Can a ...
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A summary explaining those ancient Indian philosophies of those non-Buddhist schools that had debated with Buddhist, especially Nalanda, masters?

Can anyone share or tell: where can I find a summary explaining those ancient Indian philosophies of those non-Buddhist schools that had debated with Buddhist, especially Nalanda, masters? For example,...
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How does Buddhism and Jainism contrast with each other on way of attaining enlightenment? [duplicate]

Jainism is a philosophy which is similar to Buddhism. So how do Buddhist teachings and the Jains teachings contrast with each other on way of attaining enlightenment ?
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Did buddha accepted Brahman? [duplicate]

Did buddha accepted Brahman. The supreme reality according to hindusim. Or any perfect Supreme God.
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183 views

What are Buddhist arguments against Vedic validity because of its authorlessness?

There has been a rich history of debate between Vedantists and Buddhists. One main method the Vedantist uses disprove every other sect which doesn't hold Vedas as true, is to first prove that Vedas ...
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106 views

I need to know the names of the angels and their actions in Buddhism

I have a research and I need to know all the names of angels in different religions and their actions, and since I am an Arab, my sources are not enough and I need the names of the angels in Buddhism
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175 views

Multiverse in Buddhism?

According to this answer: 31 Planes of existence coming together is one universe. There are infinite similar universes according to the Abhidhamma. This may be similar to multiverse but unlike in Sci ...
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Is the Avatamsaka Sutra the only Buddhist scripture that talks about multiverse?

I know the Avatamsaka Sutra teaches about a multiverse flower garland, which represents all of reality, is made up of infinite universes which all reflect one another. Is this the only scripture that ...
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215 views

What is the difference between Buddhism, Hinduism and Solipsism?

What is the difference between Buddhism, Hinduism and Solipsism? Do all these religions say that other people have no minds? If all these religions are like solipsism, then are all buddhists ...
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I want to pray and meditate like a Buddhist, but I do not know how because I am Arab and I have not found sources in Arabic so can you guide me

I want to pray and meditate like a Buddhist, but I do not know how because I am Arab and I have not found sources in Arabic so can you guide me
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The 4 Elements and it’s relation with electricity

I did a guided meditation today on Thich Nhat Hanh’s Plum Village app. It was based on the 4 elements. Fire, Earth, Air and Water. As I was midway through it, I was contemplating the electrical energy ...
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Is Huayan, Chan, and Pure Land Buddhism the only sects that teach about multiverses?

The Avataṃsaka Sūtra describes a cosmos of infinite universes upon universes, mutually containing one another. I know this scripture is taught in Huayan, Chan, and Pure Land sects, but are there any ...
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90 views

Are there no Buddhas from other universes that are equal to our Buddha?

Buddha said "nowhere between the lowest of hells below and the highest heaven above, nowhere in all the infinite worlds that stretch right and left, is there the equal, much less the superior, of ...
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101 views

fundamental level of existence in Buddhism

After long time and back to BSE. My question is; according to science all the existence are sequenced as matter made of alchemy (chemistry) , molecules , atoms, sub particles then energy. I think base ...
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27 views

Huayan Buddhism Flower Garland

Is Huayan Buddhism the one that teaches about infinite universes being held on a jeweled flower garland, or is it another branch/sect of Buddhism?
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559 views

What's is the Buddhist view on persistence or grit?

We are always taught to have grit, show resilience and never to give up in difficult situations. In the lights of my knowledge in Buddhism, I think of these as a manifestation of strong attachment to ...
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88 views

What chapter of the Abhidharmartha Pradipika talks about infinite universes?

I've been looking into Buddhist concepts and the topic of infinite universes in existence popped up, and the Buddhist text called the "Abhidharmartha Pradipika" talks about infinite ...
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142 views

How to evaluate someone's knowledge?

From Yongey Mingyur Rinpoche teaching I came to understand that non-judgmental observation of situations and aversion of attachments is the way to get rid of sufferings. Then how would a teacher ...
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219 views

Scriptural evidence for the role and compatibility of polytheism within Buddhism?

First of all, I would like to clarify that I am extremely new to Buddhism, Hinduism and Indian philosophy in general. I do not particularly consider myself an adherent of any of these traditions. I am ...
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101 views

Where can I read something more about Alara Kalama and Uddaka

I want to know more about Gautama Siddharta teachers, I know only little about their philosophy and practice that are mentioned in suttas. (eg. Ariyapariyesana Sutta) Is there any other texts which ...
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In what way is Tendai realist?

The Kegon philosophy is usually characterized as absolute Idealism or idealistic Pantheism , and the Tendai as absolute realism or realistic pantheism. The Classification of Buddhism By Bruno Petzold,...
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Do we perceive the whole?

According to I think all Buddhists, the whole is nothing more than its parts. I've read it claimed that, given everything is partite, nothing exists. Perhaps Being means something more than its parts, ...
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109 views

Nature of Enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
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95 views

Is anything ever complete?

I think Buddhists agree that the past cannot return, look at e.g. Dogen on firewood, or perhaps the Awakening of Faith all that had been conceived in the past was as hazy as a dream, that all that is ...
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62 views

Truth Table of Buddism/Four fold logic?

One thing that I find Buddhism fascinating is the "true contradictions", which says that there are statements that can be both true and false. I was googling and found Dialetheism and ...
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66 views

Humbled by fate, punishment or push to right path?

Not long ago, I encountered tough "barrier" in life, tried to break through it but ended up greatly humbled and forced to take step back. This got me thinking whether I should decouple from ...
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694 views

Is Buddhism a reduced version of Samkhya philosophy?

I have read a couple of articles written mostly in passing by western translators on the influence of Sage Kapila (i.e Samkhya) on the Buddha, but I'm yet to find a detailed inquiry on a similarity of ...
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84 views

The Simultaneity of Cause and Effect

The conventional Buddhist view of causality is that the present negative and positive effects we see in our lives are a result of negative and positive causes that we created in the past. So in order ...
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Are ideas real?

If I have the idea of an "apple" or its taste, is the idea as real as the apple itself? Specifically do the objects of the 6th consciousness depend on anything except the 6th ...
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203 views

How do you explain Zeno's paradox in Buddhist terms?

I thought id ask how you would explain what is commonly referred to as "Zeno' Paradox of Achillies racing the turtle" in Buddhist terms. For those who aren't familiar the paradox is like ...
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63 views

Is the Mind [essentially] bound to ignorance “not-knowing” or free?

Is the Mind [essentially] bound to ignorance "not-knowing" or free? If it is bound, then its essential nature of "non-knowing" cannot depart, and, therefore, liberation is not [...
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597 views

Can you explain how cessation of existence is known to be possible?

People from other sects may argue against Buddhism on the following grounds. I invite the community of BSE to explain by reasoning or analogy how cessation of existence, which is known as the Nibbana-...
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What are the ways to be conscious in all situations?

Ways to be conscious in all situations How to do one thing at a time ?
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119 views

What is the Samsaric Mind? How does it operate?

Quoted below is from 'A Guide to the Bodhisattva Way of Life' by Shantideva For a western reader, I mean someone familiar with Greek Philosophy, the objective emptiness Shantideva expound with regards ...
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113 views

Why did Buddha refrain from finding knowledge of the whole universe?

I know that lord Buddha refrain from finding the all the laws of nature from science, everything in universe.(Understanding the whole truth of the universe). I like to know the reason for this. Is it ...
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“grasping a sign”, “fixed view”, and suffering

I heard that "grasping a sign" is considered a bad thing in Buddhism. Why is that so and what does that refer to? We know that "attachment to views" is a bad thing too. Are these related? (signs and ...
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654 views

Buddhism and racism

How does the problem of racism relate to Buddha-Dharma? Can Buddhism teach us something about racism? Is there something in the teachings or texts addressing the topic, directly or indirectly?
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Which Buddhist sect do I belong to?

I've been a Buddhist since I was 13 years old, ever since my confirmation and studying the bible following that, realizing that I didn't believe in the scriptures which I was raised on then I started ...
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7answers
234 views

Is the Dhamma / morality objective?

Does the Dhamma allow the philosophical establishment of an objective and/or universal morality without God? If yes, how? Do all beings intuitively know what is right and what is wrong deep within ...
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84 views

Infinity, eternity, countlessness in Buddhism

I'm interested in concepts of infinity, eternity, countlessness, etc. in Buddhist thought. Could you please help me out with sources, both primary and secondary, where these concepts are used? I ...
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Are we waiting for a disaster to happen?

Buddha says all sanskars are annicca. If harmony is a sanskar then disharmony is waiting to happen. Therefore my question is are we waiting for disaster to happen ?
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Do I carry false identity?

Buddha said he is Buddha. Did Buddha carried a false sense of self like you and me?
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956 views

Rejecting clinging to both pleasure and displeasure

I recently listened to a talk by Ajahn Chah, in which he mentions (@ ~14:20-14:53) that wisdom is found when one clings to neither pleasure nor displeasure. This really created a dilemma in my head ...
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126 views

Concept of Panchang Pranam in Buddhist culture

What is Panchang Pranam in Buddhism and what is the correct way of doing it and its significance? Is it some sort of chanting?
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287 views

Emptiness in mind and in reality

Recent exchange here got me thinking. Nagarjuna's karika, 1.3 (Batchelor) Na hi svabhāvo bhāvānāṃ pratyayādiṣu vidyate Avidyamāne svabhāve parabhāvo na vidyate The essence of things ...
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188 views

What arguments are there for “karma” — that the agent inevitably experiences the result of their actions?

There are philosophical arguments for e.g. 'emptiness', as evidenced by it having sections in philosophy encyclopedias. Whether or not you agree with them, probably depends on your language and pre-...
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583 views

The thorny issue of anatta

(English is not my mother tongue, sorry in advance if I make mistakes) I recently read Thanissaro Bhikkhu's writings [1] [2] on anatta and although I found his arguments persuasive I am still ...
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537 views

Anicca, dukkha, Buddhism and depressive nihilism

(English is not my mother tongue, sorry in advance if I make mistakes) I am currently reading a philosophical book that I stumbled upon by chance, a unique work by a young (23yo) Italian of the early ...

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