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Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

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Can Jiddu Krishnamurthy's teachings be considered Buddhist in nature? [closed]

There was a guy named Jiddu Krishnamurthy. He talked a lot about conditioning, awareness and to see the things as they are. One of the content from the hyperlink is His aim was to set humanity ...
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Are there other things like life?

In this text SN 56.46 Andhakara Sutta: Darkness, the Buddha seems to say, in my opinion, that life is much more stressful than black holes. And I think life is an anomaly in this universe just like ...
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What are the historical accounts on Buddhist scriptures that certify the authenticity of the teachings and traditions? [closed]

If Buddhists themselves cannot agree on which scriptural writings or traditions for practice are actually true statements from the Buddha, how can Buddhism as a system claim any truth? The above ...
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Did the Buddha according to the suttas mean anything else by the word “self” beyond simply the aspect of control/power?

It looks like according to [the Anatta-lakkhana Sutta][1] one aspect that is considered "self" by the Buddha is power or control. Why did he use the word "self" instead of just "complete control/power"...
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How is one supposed to be compassionate and 100% free of suffering while others are suffering?

How is this possible besides if one simply doesn't mind if others are suffering? But if one truly doesn't mind whether others are suffering or not isn't that a lack of compassion? Is one supposed to ...
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Evidence of determinism in DN 2 Samaññaphala Sutta? Was the King already a faith follower?

Near the end of the Samaññaphala Sutta it says this: "The king is incapacitated. Had he not killed his father — that righteous man, that righteous king — the dustless, stainless Dhamma eye would ...
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Nagarjuna and the Schools

I am confused by the variety of views within Buddhism. It appears to me that Nagarjuna provides a complete philosophical justification and explanation for the Buddha's teachings and that this is ...
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What did Siddhartha really meant by ending suffering

I constantly hear from buddhists that "happiness is inside of you" and that thinking you can get away from suffering by wanting to be somewhere else, or wanting to be with someone else or stuff like ...
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Does one need to make amends for a bad action done unintentionally?

Example: A person is walking through a friend's house and accidentally/unintentionally knocks a vase and causes it to fall and break. The friend asks for the person to buy them a new vase, but the ...
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What is a “thought?” (Particularly in reference to thoughts that arise during meditation)

I've been reading/studying E F Shumacher's A Guide for the Perplexed, a philosophical book about the nature of knowledge and our capacity for understanding the world, especially in relation to "higher"...
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Why does one suffer because of ignorance if ignorance is unintentional?

It makes no sense that a person would knowingly choose to be ignorant of what causes them suffering, yet people suffer for "their" ignorance anyway. How is a person supposed to "freely/willingly ...
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Is ending up in hell at some point in time inevitable for those beings who are not Stream Entrants?

I have seen this a few times in various places, although I haven't read it in any suttas, but I am guessing there might be some that talk about this.
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If some determinism is true for stream entrants, why not for others as well?

If you disagree with my choice of words and think you know of some that better describe what I mean then you may give a suggestion. Some determinism is true for stream entrants e.g Attainment of ...
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Is it wrong-view to think there might be more than 5 aggregates?

Although the 5 aggregates seem to fully explain my experience, is it wrong view if I think that there might be more?
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Did the Buddha ever define what he meant by “self”?

Added: I am asking this because I am not sure if anything I observe would be considered "self" according to the Buddha. I don't have this problem with craving or suffering because I can observe/...
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Is the experience of suffering or enjoyment equivalent or completely reducible to physics terms like “repulsion”, “attraction” etc.?

What do you think? I believe the experience of suffering or enjoyment is not reducible to physics terms like "repulsion", "attraction" etc. I cannot see "suffering" or "enjoyment" arising out of ...
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When to let things let go and when to fight for them?

I find myself in conflict with the Buddhist idea of letting go. If someone insults you, is rude to you, insults a loved one, harrases you or a loved one and so on. According to Buddhism, we should ...
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The eternal universe

As far as I know, in Buddhism and Hinduism, the universe has birth and death, like the time of life. However, in Buddhism, as well as other Eastern religions, there are a lot of schools and movements. ...
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How does one know if one is destined to attain Nibbana?

How does one know if one is destined to attain Nibbana? (In future lives)
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Is the abhidhammic view on mind an externalist or internalist one?

I'd like to try and categorize the abhidhammic view into either as an internalist or externalist or know if it's possible at all, knowing how the historical Buddha himself even refused to either ...
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Why is there no self in the container of the 5 aggregates?

I can see that there is no self to find in the 5 aggregates. But what about their container ? I have a recurrent thought which troubles me : I imagine the 5 aggregates happening within a frame, ...
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Why does the Noble Eightfold Path work? [duplicate]

Since I have started reading Buddhist texts and trying to follow the Noble Eightfold Path, my life is happier and 'easier' but why is this? I believe it to be 'common sense' and the innate human ...
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What is actually Nirvana — what are some Tripitaka sources?

What do you know about the Nirvana? Most of this community people are from all around the world, and may have different teachers, and level of knowledge may vary. A brief explanation, with reference ...
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Difference between desire (chanda) and craving (tanha)?

What's the difference between desire (chanda) and craving (tanha)? From my understanding, tanha is always unwholesome but chanda can be wholesome or unwholesome. How is this the case? Craving (tanha)...
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If all things are impermanent, then how can Buddhism make absolute assertions?

I had someone ask me this afternoon: If Buddhism teaches that all things are impermanent, then how can it make absolute assertions such as there are 5 aggregates or there are 4 noble truths? ...
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What is Buddhist doctrine on the question of counterfactual definiteness?

Counterfactual definiteness is, "is the ability to speak "meaningfully" of the definiteness of the results of measurements that have not been performed." The classic question to illustrate is, "When ...
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Does false self = no self?

My new understanding (based on this post) is that the self is not permanent and is always changing. However, I still can't make the logical assertion that the self does not exist at all. At this point,...
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What are false unchanging entities?

I am having trouble with the concept of "unchanging entities which exist on their own". Attachment to the false view of self means belief in the presence of unchanging entities which exist on their ...
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Is an 'Existential Crisis' a necessary condition to start on the path of Dhamma?

The path of Dhamma is a journey towards the end of all suffering through the attainment of Nibbana. The Buddha set out to find the cure for human suffering, but there are so many people around us ...
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The Philosophy of Zen

How can the Zen school of thought distinguished from the Chan school of thought? Both spring from Mahayana, true; but what are the basic differences?
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Which case is “I am a professor” with identity view?

According to the Yamaka Sutta quoted below, a run-of-the-mill person thinks one of the following: the form to be the self the self as possessing form the form as in the self the self as in form And ...
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Awakened Great Zen Master Seung Sahn - is it possible he lost the state of Nibbana?

From my understanding of awakening (and also according to answers here like Is it possible to become UNenlightened?), it is an irreversible process. It makes sense in theory as, once one awakens, ...
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Interdependence in regards to myself and the universe

As I was meditating this morning I asked myself the question, "If I am destroyed would the universe also be destroyed?". I answered, "No." Then I asked, "If the universe was destroyed, would I be ...
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Different Pali words for remorse or regret

The Pali word for remorse or regret in the definition of the five hindrances (in MN 10) is "kukucca". Sometimes, this word is also translated as worry or anxiety. This word usually appears together ...
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What's the difference between remorse and shame of evil?

Remorse or regret (kukucca) is supposed to be unwholesome, while shame of evil (hiri) is wholesome. What is the difference between the two? Why is one wholesome, while the other isn't?
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How is the pendulum understood in Buddhism?

I've seen the pendulum is widely used as an illustration for finding a neutral, balance point between the extremes. Its movement is also periodic which shares the same characteristic with samsara. It ...
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What is a different between Philosophy and religion? [duplicate]

I know Buddhism is a philosophy. What is a different between philosophy and religion?
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What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
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Did Dignaga argue against real relations?

Did Dignaga argue against real relations? I gather that his student, Dharmakirti, did. I'm asking only because I'd disagree, but am skeptical about universals.
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What is the substantial cause of an instance of consciousness?

Context: I'm considered a skeptic of rebirth in my tradition which is the Gelug branch of Tibetan Buddhism. I'm asking this question to help me understand what other traditions think. In my tradition ...
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Content of Ashoka's Edicts

How significant can Ashoka's Edict's be considered to Buddhists? Or how closely do they relate to the actual teachings of the Buddha?
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Do Buddhists believe Buddha to be God? Do Buddhists practice idolatry?

I have seen Buddhists worship Gautam Buddha, a great personality, a great philosopher, a great social reformer and spiritual master, with incense and candles. They would offer flower to his idol made ...
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How is Nichiren Buddhism different from other branches of Buddhism?

Nichiren Buddhism is a branch Mahayana Buddhism founded by Nichiren in the 13th century Japan. How is it different from other sects and branches of Buddhism? What are it's tenets, philosophy and ...
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Does MN9 imply a cyclic causation? How does it work?

The Nanamoli and Bodhi translation of MN9 states in 2 excerpts: With the arising of the taints there is the arising of ignorance. With the cessation of the taints there is the cessation of ...
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What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
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When saying that the aggregate is not-self are we not predicting the existence of a thing called self?

Parmenides, a presocratic philosopher, said: The only roads of inquiry there are to think of: one, that it is and that it is not possible for it not to be, this is the path of persuasion (for ...
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Is it fair to say that Buddhism employ misology?

The question is straightforward as it read, but to elaborate I will give some examples. I think most people will agree that reason is what is special about human beings, and most religions and ...
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Does it matter if the mind is neurologically originated or not?

For example, in this answer, we find Buddhists insisting that the mind is not a "byproduct" of the brain, i.e. the mind does not arise neurologically in the brain. By neurology, I mean that according ...
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What is beyond the realm of Gods.

After have studied Hinduism, and more modern reality creation referring to concepts such as higher vibrations, higher realms that exists beyond our material, such as the astral or heavenly. Also ...
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Is luminous mind unconditioned and not impermanent?

In AN1.51-52, we find a description of the luminous mind. The Pali version can be found here. The description in 51-52 implies that it is pre-existing. It's just that the ordinary worldling doesn't ...