Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [philosophy]

The study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language. It can also be a theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour.

1
vote
5answers
32 views

What did Siddhartha really meant by ending suffering

I constantly hear from buddhists that "happiness is inside of you" and that thinking you can get away from suffering by wanting to be somewhere else, or wanting to be with someone else or stuff like ...
0
votes
3answers
52 views

Does one need to make amends for a bad action done unintentionally?

Example: A person is walking through a friend's house and accidentally/unintentionally knocks a vase and causes it to fall and break. The friend asks for the person to buy them a new vase, but the ...
1
vote
3answers
59 views

What is a “thought?” (Particularly in reference to thoughts that arise during meditation)

I've been reading/studying E F Shumacher's A Guide for the Perplexed, a philosophical book about the nature of knowledge and our capacity for understanding the world, especially in relation to "higher"...
3
votes
7answers
423 views

Why does one suffer because of ignorance if ignorance is unintentional?

It makes no sense that a person would knowingly choose to be ignorant of what causes them suffering, yet people suffer for "their" ignorance anyway. How is a person supposed to "freely/willingly ...
0
votes
5answers
105 views

Is ending up in hell inevitable for those beings who are not Stream Entrants?

I have seen this a few times in various places, although I haven't read it in any suttas, but I am guessing there might be some that talk about this.
1
vote
6answers
139 views

If some determinism is true for stream entrants, why not for others as well?

If you disagree with my choice of words and think you know of some that better describe what I mean then you may give a suggestion. Some determinism is true for stream entrants e.g Attainment of ...
0
votes
4answers
81 views

Is it wrong-view to think there might be more than 5 aggregates?

Although the 5 aggregates seem to fully explain my experience, is it wrong view if I think that there might be more?
2
votes
6answers
169 views

Did the Buddha ever define what he meant by “self”?

Added: I am asking this because I am not sure if anything I observe is considered "self" or not. I don't have this problem with craving or suffering because I can observe/experience craving and ...
1
vote
5answers
134 views

Is the experience of suffering or enjoyment equivalent or completely reducible to physics terms like “repulsion”, “attraction” etc.?

What do you think? I believe the experience of suffering or enjoyment is not reducible to physics terms like "repulsion", "attraction" etc. I cannot see "suffering" or "enjoyment" arising out of ...
4
votes
3answers
108 views

When to let things let go and when to fight for them?

I find myself in conflict with the Buddhist idea of letting go. If someone insults you, is rude to you, insults a loved one, harrases you or a loved one and so on. According to Buddhism, we should ...
1
vote
5answers
119 views

The eternal universe

As far as I know, in Buddhism and Hinduism, the universe has birth and death, like the time of life. However, in Buddhism, as well as other Eastern religions, there are a lot of schools and movements. ...
0
votes
4answers
118 views

How does one know if one is destined to attain Nibbana?

How does one know if one is destined to attain Nibbana? (In future lives)
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Is the abhidhammic view on mind an externalist or internalist one?

I'd like to try and categorize the abhidhammic view into either as an internalist or externalist or know if it's possible at all, knowing how the historical Buddha himself even refused to either ...
2
votes
4answers
120 views

Why is there no self in the container of the 5 aggregates?

I can see that there is no self to find in the 5 aggregates. But what about their container ? I have a recurrent thought which troubles me : I imagine the 5 aggregates happening within a frame, ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Why does the Noble Eightfold Path work? [duplicate]

Since I have started reading Buddhist texts and trying to follow the Noble Eightfold Path, my life is happier and 'easier' but why is this? I believe it to be 'common sense' and the innate human ...
1
vote
5answers
110 views

What is actually Nirvana — what are some Tripitaka sources?

What do you know about the Nirvana? Most of this community people are from all around the world, and may have different teachers, and level of knowledge may vary. A brief explanation, with reference ...
2
votes
3answers
73 views

Difference between desire (chanda) and craving (tanha)?

What's the difference between desire (chanda) and craving (tanha)? From my understanding, tanha is always unwholesome but chanda can be wholesome or unwholesome. How is this the case? Craving (tanha)...
1
vote
5answers
133 views

If all things are impermanent, then how can Buddhism make absolute assertions?

I had someone ask me this afternoon: If Buddhism teaches that all things are impermanent, then how can it make absolute assertions such as there are 5 aggregates or there are 4 noble truths? ...
1
vote
5answers
79 views

What is Buddhist doctrine on the question of counterfactual definiteness?

Counterfactual definiteness is, "is the ability to speak "meaningfully" of the definiteness of the results of measurements that have not been performed." The classic question to illustrate is, "When ...
4
votes
5answers
139 views

Does false self = no self?

My new understanding (based on this post) is that the self is not permanent and is always changing. However, I still can't make the logical assertion that the self does not exist at all. At this point,...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

What are false unchanging entities?

I am having trouble with the concept of "unchanging entities which exist on their own". Attachment to the false view of self means belief in the presence of unchanging entities which exist on their ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Is an 'Existential Crisis' a necessary condition to start on the path of Dhamma?

The path of Dhamma is a journey towards the end of all suffering through the attainment of Nibbana. The Buddha set out to find the cure for human suffering, but there are so many people around us ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

The Philosophy of Zen

How can the Zen school of thought distinguished from the Chan school of thought? Both spring from Mahayana, true; but what are the basic differences?
2
votes
3answers
49 views

Which case is “I am a professor” with identity view?

According to the Yamaka Sutta quoted below, a run-of-the-mill person thinks one of the following: the form to be the self the self as possessing form the form as in the self the self as in form And ...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

Awakened Great Zen Master Seung Sahn - is it possible he lost the state of Nibbana?

From my understanding of awakening (and also according to answers here like Is it possible to become UNenlightened?), it is an irreversible process. It makes sense in theory as, once one awakens, ...
3
votes
6answers
187 views

Interdependence in regards to myself and the universe

As I was meditating this morning I asked myself the question, "If I am destroyed would the universe also be destroyed?". I answered, "No." Then I asked, "If the universe was destroyed, would I be ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Different Pali words for remorse or regret

The Pali word for remorse or regret in the definition of the five hindrances (in MN 10) is "kukucca". Sometimes, this word is also translated as worry or anxiety. This word usually appears together ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

What's the difference between remorse and shame of evil?

Remorse or regret (kukucca) is supposed to be unwholesome, while shame of evil (hiri) is wholesome. What is the difference between the two? Why is one wholesome, while the other isn't?
0
votes
1answer
109 views

How is the pendulum understood in Buddhism?

I've seen the pendulum is widely used as an illustration for finding a neutral, balance point between the extremes. Its movement is also periodic which shares the same characteristic with samsara. It ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What is a different between Philosophy and religion? [duplicate]

I know Buddhism is a philosophy. What is a different between philosophy and religion?
2
votes
4answers
194 views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Did Dignaga argue against real relations?

Did Dignaga argue against real relations? I gather that his student, Dharmakirti, did. I'm asking only because I'd disagree, but am skeptical about universals.
6
votes
8answers
265 views

What is the substantial cause of an instance of consciousness?

Context: I'm considered a skeptic of rebirth in my tradition which is the Gelug branch of Tibetan Buddhism. I'm asking this question to help me understand what other traditions think. In my tradition ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Content of Ashoka's Edicts

How significant can Ashoka's Edict's be considered to Buddhists? Or how closely do they relate to the actual teachings of the Buddha?
2
votes
4answers
195 views

Do Buddhists believe Buddha to be God? Do Buddhists practice idolatry?

I have seen Buddhists worship Gautam Buddha, a great personality, a great philosopher, a great social reformer and spiritual master, with incense and candles. They would offer flower to his idol made ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How is Nichiren Buddhism different from other branches of Buddhism?

Nichiren Buddhism is a branch Mahayana Buddhism founded by Nichiren in the 13th century Japan. How is it different from other sects and branches of Buddhism? What are it's tenets, philosophy and ...
1
vote
4answers
174 views

Does MN9 imply a cyclic causation? How does it work?

The Nanamoli and Bodhi translation of MN9 states in 2 excerpts: With the arising of the taints there is the arising of ignorance. With the cessation of the taints there is the cessation of ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

What is intellect-consciousness and why is it different from intellect itself?

In SN 35.93 quoted below, it reads intellect-consciousness arises in dependence on the intellect and ideas, but if this consciousness is also a thinking about the work of intellect on ideas then it in ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

When saying that the aggregate is not-self are we not predicting the existence of a thing called self?

Parmenides, a presocratic philosopher, said: The only roads of inquiry there are to think of: one, that it is and that it is not possible for it not to be, this is the path of persuasion (for ...
-1
votes
4answers
157 views

Is it fair to say that Buddhism employ misology?

The question is straightforward as it read, but to elaborate I will give some examples. I think most people will agree that reason is what is special about human beings, and most religions and ...
1
vote
6answers
105 views

Does it matter if the mind is neurologically originated or not?

For example, in this answer, we find Buddhists insisting that the mind is not a "byproduct" of the brain, i.e. the mind does not arise neurologically in the brain. By neurology, I mean that according ...
0
votes
3answers
90 views

What is beyond the realm of Gods.

After have studied Hinduism, and more modern reality creation referring to concepts such as higher vibrations, higher realms that exists beyond our material, such as the astral or heavenly. Also ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Is luminous mind unconditioned and not impermanent?

In AN1.51-52, we find a description of the luminous mind. The Pali version can be found here. The description in 51-52 implies that it is pre-existing. It's just that the ordinary worldling doesn't ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Does Nirvana have svabhava in Madhyamaka?

As suggested in this comment, we shall try to look more closely into this. Does Nirvana have svabhāva in Madhyamaka? Here, svabhāva is as defined in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka, and commonly translated ...
3
votes
7answers
941 views

What exactly is svabhava?

What exactly is svabhāva in Nagarjuna's Madhyamaka? It is translated as inherent nature or inherent existence or inherent substance. But what does that really mean? Does it carry the same meaning as ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Usefulness of Madhyamaka to personal practice?

In my opinion, the Sutta Pitaka and Mahayana Agamas (the Mahayana equivalent of the Pali suttas) discuss the nature of the self (anatta, empty of self, dependent arising) in such a way that it is ...
2
votes
3answers
782 views

What is yoniso manasikara and ayoniso manasikara?

As suggested in this answer, it is a good idea to investigate this further. What is wise reflection (yoniso manasikāra) and unwise reflection (ayoniso manasikāra)? Yoniso manasikāra is also ...
1
vote
6answers
195 views

Cessation of suffering is the main goal of Buddhism, but is cessation of suffering the end goal or does Buddhism pursue Joy beyond end of suffering?

I ask the above because Socrates in the Republic has proven that the cessation of suffering is a quietude of the mind, an illusion or a jugglery not real. What we should we aim according to him is not ...
2
votes
4answers
113 views

Is Buddhism a religion?

I want to know that what is Buddhism and is it a religion or just a philosophy or a exercise ? I really want to know more about it , is there a book about learning Buddhism?
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Emptiness and Om

Somewhere reading the book i found something sensible like 'You think you're right , i think i'm right but at last we're neither right neither wrong.' So what is that which is neither right neither ...