Questions tagged [pali-language]

A dead Indo-European language indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. It is important to Buddhists and scholars of Buddhism because many of the earliest Buddhist texts are written in the Pali language e.g. the Pali Canon. It is also used during chanting and ritual in some Buddhist traditions.

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43 views

Can someone provide a transliteration of Sri Lankan script following the western Pali standard?

Sadly, Indo-Germanic languages aren't well transliterated following international standards (which are far from purposes, aside of productivity and cutting down to lowest). The romanization of Pali ...
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Why are the words “mano” & “manasa” used in the opening Dhammapada verses?

The well-known yet often differently translated opening verses of the Dhamma use the Pali words "mano" and "manasa", as follows: Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayā; Manasā ce ...
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In the Anapanasati Sutta, what is the difference between mind and mental processes?

The book Breath by Breath by Larry Rosenberg splits the Anapanasati Sutta into 4 tetrads. The wildmind website does a similar thing. In the second tetrad there is a verse that is rendered He trains ...
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How to setup Myanmar Pali keyboard?

I have installed many Myanmar's keyboard, but I don't know how to use Pāli's sañyoga, such as ññ in Pañño or gg in saggo (in Myanmar character)? Thank you.
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Union with Brahma, or company of Brahma?

The following phrase comes from DN 13: “ayameva ujumaggo, ayamañjasāyano niyyāniko niyyāti takkarassa brahmasahabyatāya, yvāyaṃ akkhāto brāhmaṇena pokkharasātinā”ti. T.W. Rhys Davids translated ...
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Was is the difference between “uparujjhati” & “nirujjhati”?

In the Pali, nirujjhati (ni + rudh + ya) appears to be a verb for the noun "nirodha". nirujjhati ceases; dissolves; vanishes. to be broken up, to be dissolved, to be destroyed, to cease,...
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99 views

Best Pali to English translation source

I’m very new to Buddhism and am wanting to find an accurate source to show me the word-for-word interpretations of terms and words. Right now I’m trying to learn the meaning of each word of the “Ethan ...
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264 views

The pali word for this concept

I'm wondering if pali has a specifically designated word for the view that the outer world is a reflection of one's own life state, not the other way around. Additionally, I am wondering if there ...
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72 views

Is the Sinhalese language very different to Pali?

I notice many Sinhalese posting on Western chatsites about Buddhism. However, I often notice these Sinhalese don't have particularly strong empathy with the Pali of the suttas. I sometimes feel "...
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Recommendation for Suttas

I have been practising Vipassana for quite a while (2 and half years). Now, I want to also dwell into the teachings of Buddha as presented in Suttas and apply those teaching in my everday life. I have ...
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Difference between “perception” and “view”?

What is the difference between view (as in "right view" in the Noble Eightfold Path) and perception (as in the 3rd of the five Skandha's)? Grateful for help! Peace, Tord
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Is there a defined counting system in Pali?

‘‘Sataṃ sahassānaṃ nirabbudānaṃ, Chattiṃsatīṃ pañca ca abbudāni; Yamariyagarahī nirayaṃ upeti, Vācaṃ manañca paṇidhāya pāpakan’’ti. ~ Cited from: Paṭhamakhatasuttaṃ, Bhaṇḍagāmavagga, ...
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What is the difference between samadhi and samatha?

I am in the habit of getting the concepts samatha and samadhi mixed up. To me they seem like related or even similar concepts. Is that correct? My understanding is that samatha seems like the process ...
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Why is the Pali word 'sattānaṃ' in Dependent Origination plural?

In this previous question, I listed the results of my investigations into how each nidana (link) in dependent origination appears to be 'singular', except 'sankhara', which is plural. The 'jati' ('...
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How can we know the original meaning of a word with certainty?

In a lot of discussions here in B.S.E, the topic of the exact meaning of some terms keeps recurring, and nobody seems to have the last word. Words such as 'upapajjati', 'paccājāyati', 'abhinibbatti' ...
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Did the Buddha speak Pali? Are the suttas his word verbatim?

Was Pali the language spoken during the time of the Buddha, and would he have spoken this language? Are the suttas contained in the Pali Canon verbatim what the Buddha said, or would things have been ...
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Why is the Pali word 'saṅkhārā' in Dependent Origination plural?

In researching Dependent Origination as described in SN 12.2 and using a basic Pali language guide (page 18), I found the following about each main Pali word: jarāmaraṇaṃ singular from maraṇa ...
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What did the Buddha say about motivation?

What did the Buddha say about wholesome types of motivation? Is there a difference in the Pali language between "intention" (as in Right Intention) and "motivation"? From what I understand Right ...
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132 views

What is the meaning of uppajjati versus upapajjati?

In the Pali there are two terms, which are (generally) used contextually in two different ways: uppajjati (and its past particle uppanna) upapajjati (and its past particle upapanna) What do these ...
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645 views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
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Are the Pali words “cause” (“hetu'), ”condition“ (”paccaya“), ”nutriment“ (”ahara“) and ”root“ (”mula") synonyms?

Are the Pali words "cause" ("hetu'), "condition" ("paccaya"), "nutriment" ("ahara") and "root" ("mula") always synonyms?
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Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
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Is Vinanna a Reification of Recognition?

I read on the Internet that Experience (Vijnana) which is really nothing but reification of Recognition (or Interpretation) of new observations in terms of internalized old observations. Is this ...
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What titles apply to non-monastic/lay Buddhists? (upasaka/upasika savaka/sravaka)

Labels are illusions like all conditioned phenomena, but I have an attachment to taxonomy and being able to describe myself accurately. I'm working on that, but in the meantime, I thought this would ...
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What is the difference between Karma and Sanskara

Karma and Sanskara seam to be very much related. How are they related and how are they different.
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203 views

How is Cakkhupālattheravatthu pronounced exactly?

I read stories about the monk called Cakkhupālattheravatthu, but still don't know how this name is pronounced? Can anyone please tell me the exact pronunciation of this name or word?
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Sanskrit Resources

I have been using the Pali Digital Reader to learn Pali (it is a wonderful resource!). Does anyone know of any similar resources for sanskrit? An online software/plugin/reader which makes translating ...
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181 views

Pronounce the word “Buddh” - phonetics

What is the phonetic of the word "Buddh" spoken in time 21:47 to 21:48 minutes of this video. I am a novice in phonetics. The phonetic of the word Buddha is wriiten as [bud̪ːʱə] in this wikipedia ...
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What specific emotion would best describe dukkah?

One of my key problems studying Buddhism has been definitions. My definition often doesn't have the same span as that of the typical Buddhist - but I am usually successful in coming to similar ...
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Does Pa Auk Has A Plan To Translate Tipitaka Pali To English?

I have known about the other translation's versions. However, I need to know the possibility of translation project especially from Pa Auk. I also want to know, if it is possible to know, the reason ...
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'Dukkha': What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?

In Buddhism, the English words 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness' are often used as translations of the Pali word 'dukkha'. What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?
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Meaning of 'kalapas'

What did the Buddha really meant with 'kalapas' (those ultra small particles of existence, that arise and pass away at an incredible speed)? Is there a correlation between those kalapas and the ...
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What really Sekha means?

i'm still a bit confused, i know that "sekha" means literally "a learner; in course of perfection" but in some article "sekha" means "a pupil or one under training in a religious doctrine." what i ...
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What is the etymology of “byāpā­da­”

The standard description of Wrong Thought (micchāsaṅkappo) in Pali is Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo? Kāmasaṅkappo, ­byāpā­da­saṅkappo, vihiṃ­sāsaṅ­kappo—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo. (...
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I'm interested in precise piece-by-piece translations of the 5 precepts

I recently saw a post on this website by Andrei Volkov that discussed the term Kāmesumicchācāra, breaking it down into it's constituent parts and discussing the full meaning of the word. It led to me ...
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What Pali and English words are translations of the Norwegian words for ‘reality’?

The English word ‘reality’ (from the Latin res, "matter” or “thing") is very misleading and says the opposite of what “reality” actually is. The Latin 'res' is a very deceptive word, it makes you ...
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Pali Linguistic Algorithm?

Some Buddhist writers seem to imply that they can apply a screen or test, linguistic or otherwise, to the Pali Canon and thus separate the original teachings of the Buddha from its "later" ...
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What is the Interpretation of Parimukham in the context of Buddhist Meditation?

This seems to have different interpretation and translations? What are the different interpretations and translations and what might be the most correct interpretation according to different line of ...
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558 views

How is the Pali Phase “Sabbakayapatisamvedi Assasissami… passasissamiti sikkhati…” Interpreted as per Different Linage?

What is the interpretation of the Pali phrase "Sabbakayapatisamvedi Assasissami... passasissamiti sikkhati..." this seems to be interpreted differently by different lineages. What are the different ...
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Does knowing Pali/Sanskrit (and to which level) give one more insights while reading Buddhist scripts?

I think we all have experienced with our own native languages how works written a while back can have different words for the same meaning or the other way round. Also that words get lost in ...
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Can anyone recommend a good diacritic keyboard for rendering Pali, Sanskrit, etc? [closed]

This isn't particularly about Buddhism, but I'm wondering what people are using for unicode characters.
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A good source to learn the Pali language? [closed]

I have asked this considering the importance of Pali in Buddhism. I want to learn Pali. I want to learn it individually on my own. Is there any relatively simple way? Can anyone suggest me ...
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Where to get the Pali Canon in Pali?

Does anyone know of a place on the Internet, where one can find the entire Pali Canon written in Pali ? I did a basic search but could not find any such resource. Also, where can one buy a ...
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The word Dhammanusati.

I received an email invite from a local Buddhist group that's holding a "Dhammanusati practice". In part it stated "Of the meditation practices, one of the most important practices is called ...
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Does 'kusala' (skillful) also mean 'wholesome' and 'morally good'?

According to this page the same word, 'kusala', can mean 'wholesome', 'skillful', 'good', or 'meritorious'. In English, these words have very different meanings or connotations, especially in ...
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What is the difference between “Bhāva” and “Ātman” in Pali

I have read in Buddhist text, Buddhism is about "Bhāva" and not "Ātman". What is the difference between "Bhāva" and "Ātman"?
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How sacrosanct is the “source material” of Buddhism?

In this answer to my question about why we keep referring to antiquated old parables and similes, Inzenity wrote, "The scriptures are part of the teachings, the source of the teachings. It makes ...
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295 views

Higher textual criticism resources

I would like some resources on textual criticism of the pali canon and other ancient buddhist works generally considered to be trustworthy. These should include works from all three traditions if ...
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Is there any benefit in learning Pali or Sanskrit?

Much of the Theravadan scriptures are written in Pali, so are a lot manuscripts written in Sanskrit, but is there any benefit in learning these languages while the Canon is already translated in other ...
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878 views

Detailed definition of Lokavidu

I've seen this translated as knower of worlds/cosmos and with relation to the senses as what arises, but I still don't have a solid understanding, can someone add clarity?