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Questions tagged [pali-language]

A dead Indo-European language indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. It is important to Buddhists and scholars of Buddhism because many of the earliest Buddhist texts are written in the Pali language e.g. the Pali Canon. It is also used during chanting and ritual in some Buddhist traditions.

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How do you write "Seeking the House Builder" in Pali script?

I'm looking to get a tattoo and have these word written in Pali. Can you help me with how to write this in Pali script?
Max Tran's user avatar
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5 answers
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What is the proper translation of the pali "Kāyassa bhedā paraṁ maraṇā" to english?

The pali phrase "Kāyassa bhedā paraṁ maraṇā" is found in many suttas. Bhikkhu Sujato translates this as "when their body broke up, after death" Bhikkhu Bodhi translates this as &...
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Is there a true contradiction between SN 5.10 and SN 22.85?

It is said by the bhikkhuni Vajira: “Just as, with an assemblage of parts, The word ‘chariot’ is used, So, when the aggregates exist, There is the convention ‘a being.’ SN 5.10 However, in the ...
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1 answer
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How should we understand the phrase "saccato thetato"?

Inspired from another question, I went looking for translations from the pali on suttacentral where pali experts have used the english word 'real.' SN 22.85 as translated by Bhikkhu Bodhi “But, ...
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How were large Pali words perceived / understood originally?

I asked How to break Pali compound words? in which I tried to also ask the question I am asking here, but the answers focused mostly on how to break down Pali words (which I also find important). But ...
Lance's user avatar
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4 answers
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How to break Pali compound words?

Looking at the Pali Tripitaka, many of the words are really long: Ucchedavādo anuppādadhammā evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā sambodhiparāyaṇo’’ti (btw, what does that ’’ mean, I ...
Lance's user avatar
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2 answers
113 views

Is Nibbana a "Realization"?

I read the following on the internet: But the core of the Realization has nothing to do with causality, otherwise Nirvana would still be subordinate to Samsara, while in fact Nirvana is famously ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
108 views

What does Bhikkhu Bodhi mean by "mind objects"?

From the Six Sets of Six MN 148. English Dependent on the mind and mind objects, mind-consciousness arises. The meeting of the three is contact; with contact as condition there is feeling; with ...
triplej's user avatar
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Kalama Sutta only about Kilesas?

I found an explanation of Kalama Sutta in a website which is said to be from a Tipitaka teacher in Sri Lanka. Is Kalama Sutta only about Kilesas? Kālāma sutta is only to be applied for Lobha-dosa-...
Blake's user avatar
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3 answers
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Does a Pali thesaurus exist?

When seeking to refine my mental maps of the world in any domain of expertise to more precisely differentiate between similar terms, I have found a thesaurus to be an invaluable tool. The domain of ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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What Pali term most closely represents the concept of "inner conflict"?

A little context to describe what I am looking for and why I am looking for it: It is my strong intuition that "suffering" is a label that we give to a phenomenon that, upon deeper ...
ascension4humanity's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
192 views

Sanskrit versus Pali and Nagarjuna

I have recently been learning Pali, and have heard that Sanskrit is somewhat similar. With a decent knowledge of Pali, is it possible to read Nagarjuna, for instance, perhaps with just some of the ...
provocateur's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
1k views

Which language will get you deeper into Buddhism, Pali or Sanskrit?

I seem to have read that the "original" or "oldest" Tripitaka was written in Pali, but at the same time the Sanskrit language is much older than Pali. How do Sanskrit and Pali ...
Lance's user avatar
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What is the meaning and origin of “Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma Sambuddhasa”?

What is the meaning word by word the meaning of the whole sentence the origin of “Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma Sambuddhasa”?
Andrea's user avatar
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2 answers
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Canki Sutta (MN95) Buddha's use of "Bharadvaja" as a term of address

In the Canki Sutta (MN95) the Buddha talks to a Brahmin youth called Kapathika, but addresses him as "Bharadvaja". Does this litterally mean "supporter of the cow pen"? What might ...
Nāgakuśala Dharmacharin's user avatar
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Where are the most common places to find Pali/Buddhism Anki decks in 2021?

Anki, is by far the most popular "spaced repetition tool" to enable long term retention of learned material in 2021. It does so using a scheduling algorithm which prompts the user to recall ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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2 answers
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What are the most common ways to enable keyboards to type Pali characters in 2021?

Given the wide variety of possible solutions from keyboard firmware to operating system specific solutions, I'd like to leave the question wide open in order to discover which solutions are actually ...
Alex Ryan's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
205 views

Did the Buddha invent any words?

A person told me that the Buddha coined certain words as part of his teachings. I don't remember which words, but perhaps "samadhi" was one of them. Is there any evidence the Buddha invented ...
triplej's user avatar
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4 answers
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What is the meaning of the word 'Emptiness' as it was used in the oldest texts?

Want references/excerpts and inference pertaining to the references & etymology for the designation[s] of "Emptiness" as it is used in the Pali Sutta.
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What is musavada in the five precepts?

What is musāvādā in the five precepts? On this five precepts page, it is translated as "incorrect speech", presumably by Ven. Thanissaro. On this DN 27 page, Ven. Sujato translated it as &...
ruben2020's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
368 views

Does the breath literally stop in the fourth Jhāna?

I've been trying to understand the descriptions of each of the Jhānas in various Suttas, and I don't get what's meant by an element in some descriptions of the fourth Jhāna. For example: When one has ...
arturovm's user avatar
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1 answer
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Putting "Bhikkhu" before or after name, is there a difference?

For example there's Bhikkhu Bodhi and Thanissaro Bhikkhu. What's the distinction?
vimutti's user avatar
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Is samadhi the same as samatha? Is there khanika samatha?

I read the following on the internet: Notice there's a wide spectrum on the Samatha/Vipassana scale, but even on the extreme spectrum of Vipassana, the "dry-insight", there's still element ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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1 vote
4 answers
146 views

Why are pleasant feelings "stressful" & "unpleasant"?

I read the following in the internet: All feelings are categorically classed as unpleasant in the Dhamma...'Three feelings have been spoken of by the Blessed One: a feeling of pleasure, a feeling of ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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0 votes
5 answers
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What is ariya or noble?

What is ariya or noble? This term is used in multiple places like Four Noble Truths (cattāri ariyasaccāni), Noble Eightfold Path (ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga), noble sangha (ariya saṅgha).
ruben2020's user avatar
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1 vote
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nupassana or upassana?

A Wikipedia article about Sati uses the word "upassanā" According to Grzegorz Polak, the four upassanā have been misunderstood by the developing Buddhist tradition, ... https://en.wikipedia....
Thierry Blanc's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
175 views

The meaning/concept of maññassavā / Dhatu-vibhanga Sutta (MN 140)

travellers - I was struck by the term maññassavā in the Dhatuvibhanga Sutta. They have four foundations, standing on which the streams of identification don’t flow. And when the streams of ...
ananda's user avatar
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1 answer
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Conversational Pali and Sanskrit?

When people speaking different languages came from other lands to meditate, did that ever necessitate speaking the language in which they chanted? Has there ever been a situation where circumstances ...
Lowbrow's user avatar
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1 answer
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What's the meaning of "Pāli" and its relevance in regard of the Buddha's Dhamma?

Do you know about the etymology of the Pāḷi word “Pāḷi”, how it breaks up and from what root it is formed etc.? And can you recall any more or less lengthy scholarly or otherwise discussions to which ...
Ṭhānuttamo's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Good source of mantras with their meanings

Where can I find a reliable list of mantras with their respective translations?
Ergative Man's user avatar
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3 answers
228 views

Difference between Kamma, Kammanto, and Kammanta?

Question Hi all, i would like to ask if anyone knows the difference in meaning between these three pali words: Kamma Kammanto Kammanta What i've found so far I can see from looking at the pali ...
sunyata's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can someone provide a transliteration of Sri Lankan script following the western Pali standard?

Sadly, Indo-Germanic languages aren't well transliterated following international standards (which are far from purposes, aside of productivity and cutting down to lowest). The romanization of Pali ...
Samana Johann's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
361 views

Why are the words "mano" & "manasa" used in the opening Dhammapada verses?

The well-known yet often differently translated opening verses of the Dhamma use the Pali words "mano" and "manasa", as follows: Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayā; Manasā ce ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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2 votes
7 answers
269 views

Union with Brahma, or company of Brahma?

The following phrase comes from DN 13: “ayameva ujumaggo, ayamañjasāyano niyyāniko niyyāti takkarassa brahmasahabyatāya, yvāyaṃ akkhāto brāhmaṇena pokkharasātinā”ti. T.W. Rhys Davids translated ...
ruben2020's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
156 views

Was is the difference between "uparujjhati" & "nirujjhati"?

In the Pali, nirujjhati (ni + rudh + ya) appears to be a verb for the noun "nirodha". nirujjhati ceases; dissolves; vanishes. to be broken up, to be dissolved, to be destroyed, to cease, ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
720 views

Best Pali to English translation source

I’m very new to Buddhism and am wanting to find an accurate source to show me the word-for-word interpretations of terms and words. Right now I’m trying to learn the meaning of each word of the “Ethan ...
Jordan Craig's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
317 views

Is the Sinhalese language very different to Pali?

I notice many Sinhalese posting on Western chatsites about Buddhism. However, I often notice these Sinhalese don't have particularly strong empathy with the Pali of the suttas. I sometimes feel "...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
351 views

Recommendation for Suttas

I have been practising Vipassana for quite a while (2 and half years). Now, I want to also dwell into the teachings of Buddha as presented in Suttas and apply those teaching in my everday life. I have ...
Sachin Sardiwal's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
133 views

Difference between "perception" and "view"?

What is the difference between view (as in "right view" in the Noble Eightfold Path) and perception (as in the 3rd of the five Skandha's)? Grateful for help! Peace, Tord
sunyata's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there a defined counting system in Pali?

‘‘Sataṃ sahassānaṃ nirabbudānaṃ, Chattiṃsatīṃ pañca ca abbudāni; Yamariyagarahī nirayaṃ upeti, Vācaṃ manañca paṇidhāya pāpakan’’ti. ~ Cited from: Paṭhamakhatasuttaṃ, Bhaṇḍagāmavagga, ...
Damith's user avatar
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-4 votes
3 answers
274 views

Why is the Pali word 'sattānaṃ' in Dependent Origination plural?

In this previous question, I listed the results of my investigations into how each nidana (link) in dependent origination appears to be 'singular', except 'sankhara', which is plural. The 'jati' ('...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
215 views

How can we know the original meaning of a word with certainty?

In a lot of discussions here in B.S.E, the topic of the exact meaning of some terms keeps recurring, and nobody seems to have the last word. Words such as 'upapajjati', 'paccājāyati', 'abhinibbatti' ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
223 views

Why is the Pali word 'saṅkhārā' in Dependent Origination plural?

In researching Dependent Origination as described in SN 12.2 and using a basic Pali language guide (page 18), I found the following about each main Pali word: jarāmaraṇaṃ singular from maraṇa ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
296 views

What is the meaning of uppajjati versus upapajjati?

In the Pali there are two terms, which are (generally) used contextually in two different ways: uppajjati (and its past particle uppanna) upapajjati (and its past particle upapanna) What do these ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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1 vote
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330 views

Are the Pali words "cause" ("hetu'), "condition" ("paccaya"), "nutriment" ("ahara") and "root" ("mula") synonyms?

Are the Pali words "cause" ("hetu'), "condition" ("paccaya"), "nutriment" ("ahara") and "root" ("mula") always synonyms?
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
115 views

Is Vinanna a Reification of Recognition?

I read on the Internet that Experience (Vijnana) which is really nothing but reification of Recognition (or Interpretation) of new observations in terms of internalized old observations. Is this ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
ruben2020's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
549 views

What titles apply to non-monastic/lay Buddhists? (upasaka/upasika savaka/sravaka)

Labels are illusions like all conditioned phenomena, but I have an attachment to taxonomy and being able to describe myself accurately. I'm working on that, but in the meantime, I thought this would ...
jerclarke's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
223 views

How is Cakkhupālattheravatthu pronounced exactly?

I read stories about the monk called Cakkhupālattheravatthu, but still don't know how this name is pronounced? Can anyone please tell me the exact pronunciation of this name or word?
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