Questions tagged [pali-language]

A dead Indo-European language indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. It is important to Buddhists and scholars of Buddhism because many of the earliest Buddhist texts are written in the Pali language e.g. the Pali Canon. It is also used during chanting and ritual in some Buddhist traditions.

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1answer
92 views

Did the Buddha invent any words?

A person told me that the Buddha coined certain words as part of his teachings. I don't remember which words, but perhaps "samadhi" was one of them. Is there any evidence the Buddha invented ...
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109 views

What is the meaning of the word 'Emptiness' as it was used in the oldest texts?

Want references/excerpts and inference pertaining to the references & etymology for the designation[s] of "Emptiness" as it is used in the Pali Sutta.
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What is musavada in the five precepts?

What is musāvādā in the five precepts? On this five precepts page, it is translated as "incorrect speech", presumably by Ven. Thanissaro. On this DN 27 page, Ven. Sujato translated it as &...
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210 views

Does the breath literally stop in the fourth Jhāna?

I've been trying to understand the descriptions of each of the Jhānas in various Suttas, and I don't get what's meant by an element in some descriptions of the fourth Jhāna. For example: When one has ...
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1answer
54 views

Putting “Bhikkhu” before or after name, is there a difference?

For example there's Bhikkhu Bodhi and Thanissaro Bhikkhu. What's the distinction?
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134 views

Is samadhi the same as samatha? Is there khanika samatha?

I read the following on the internet: Notice there's a wide spectrum on the Samatha/Vipassana scale, but even on the extreme spectrum of Vipassana, the "dry-insight", there's still element ...
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5answers
116 views

Why are pleasant feelings “stressful” & “unpleasant”?

I read the following in the internet: All feelings are categorically classed as unpleasant in the Dhamma...'Three feelings have been spoken of by the Blessed One: a feeling of pleasure, a feeling of ...
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102 views

What is ariya or noble?

What is ariya or noble? This term is used in multiple places like Four Noble Truths (cattāri ariyasaccāni), Noble Eightfold Path (ariya aṭṭhaṅgika magga), noble sangha (ariya saṅgha).
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91 views

nupassana or upassana?

A Wikipedia article about Sati uses the word "upassanā" According to Grzegorz Polak, the four upassanā have been misunderstood by the developing Buddhist tradition, ... https://en.wikipedia....
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121 views

The meaning/concept of maññassavā / Dhatu-vibhanga Sutta (MN 140)

travellers - I was struck by the term maññassavā in the Dhatuvibhanga Sutta. They have four foundations, standing on which the streams of identification don’t flow. And when the streams of ...
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89 views

Conversational Pali and Sanskrit?

When people speaking different languages came from other lands to meditate, did that ever necessitate speaking the language in which they chanted? Has there ever been a situation where circumstances ...
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71 views

What's the meaning of “Pāli” and its relevance in regard of the Buddha's Dhamma?

Do you know about the etymology of the Pāḷi word “Pāḷi”, how it breaks up and from what root it is formed etc.? And can you recall any more or less lengthy scholarly or otherwise discussions to which ...
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1answer
41 views

Good source of mantras with their meanings

Where can I find a reliable list of mantras with their respective translations?
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134 views

Difference between Kamma, Kammanto, and Kammanta?

Question Hi all, i would like to ask if anyone knows the difference in meaning between these three pali words: Kamma Kammanto Kammanta What i've found so far I can see from looking at the pali ...
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141 views

Can someone provide a transliteration of Sri Lankan script following the western Pali standard?

Sadly, Indo-Germanic languages aren't well transliterated following international standards (which are far from purposes, aside of productivity and cutting down to lowest). The romanization of Pali ...
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303 views

Why are the words “mano” & “manasa” used in the opening Dhammapada verses?

The well-known yet often differently translated opening verses of the Dhamma use the Pali words "mano" and "manasa", as follows: Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayā; Manasā ce ...
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174 views

Union with Brahma, or company of Brahma?

The following phrase comes from DN 13: “ayameva ujumaggo, ayamañjasāyano niyyāniko niyyāti takkarassa brahmasahabyatāya, yvāyaṃ akkhāto brāhmaṇena pokkharasātinā”ti. T.W. Rhys Davids translated ...
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131 views

Was is the difference between “uparujjhati” & “nirujjhati”?

In the Pali, nirujjhati (ni + rudh + ya) appears to be a verb for the noun "nirodha". nirujjhati ceases; dissolves; vanishes. to be broken up, to be dissolved, to be destroyed, to cease, ...
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272 views

Best Pali to English translation source

I’m very new to Buddhism and am wanting to find an accurate source to show me the word-for-word interpretations of terms and words. Right now I’m trying to learn the meaning of each word of the “Ethan ...
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1answer
123 views

Is the Sinhalese language very different to Pali?

I notice many Sinhalese posting on Western chatsites about Buddhism. However, I often notice these Sinhalese don't have particularly strong empathy with the Pali of the suttas. I sometimes feel "...
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4answers
232 views

Recommendation for Suttas

I have been practising Vipassana for quite a while (2 and half years). Now, I want to also dwell into the teachings of Buddha as presented in Suttas and apply those teaching in my everday life. I have ...
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3answers
84 views

Difference between “perception” and “view”?

What is the difference between view (as in "right view" in the Noble Eightfold Path) and perception (as in the 3rd of the five Skandha's)? Grateful for help! Peace, Tord
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147 views

Is there a defined counting system in Pali?

‘‘Sataṃ sahassānaṃ nirabbudānaṃ, Chattiṃsatīṃ pañca ca abbudāni; Yamariyagarahī nirayaṃ upeti, Vācaṃ manañca paṇidhāya pāpakan’’ti. ~ Cited from: Paṭhamakhatasuttaṃ, Bhaṇḍagāmavagga, ...
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Why is the Pali word 'sattānaṃ' in Dependent Origination plural?

In this previous question, I listed the results of my investigations into how each nidana (link) in dependent origination appears to be 'singular', except 'sankhara', which is plural. The 'jati' ('...
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188 views

How can we know the original meaning of a word with certainty?

In a lot of discussions here in B.S.E, the topic of the exact meaning of some terms keeps recurring, and nobody seems to have the last word. Words such as 'upapajjati', 'paccājāyati', 'abhinibbatti' ...
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158 views

Why is the Pali word 'saṅkhārā' in Dependent Origination plural?

In researching Dependent Origination as described in SN 12.2 and using a basic Pali language guide (page 18), I found the following about each main Pali word: jarāmaraṇaṃ singular from maraṇa ...
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3answers
193 views

What is the meaning of uppajjati versus upapajjati?

In the Pali there are two terms, which are (generally) used contextually in two different ways: uppajjati (and its past particle uppanna) upapajjati (and its past particle upapanna) What do these ...
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222 views

Are the Pali words “cause” (“hetu'), ”condition“ (”paccaya“), ”nutriment“ (”ahara“) and ”root“ (”mula") synonyms?

Are the Pali words "cause" ("hetu'), "condition" ("paccaya"), "nutriment" ("ahara") and "root" ("mula") always synonyms?
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Is Vinanna a Reification of Recognition?

I read on the Internet that Experience (Vijnana) which is really nothing but reification of Recognition (or Interpretation) of new observations in terms of internalized old observations. Is this ...
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86 views

Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
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1k views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
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467 views

What titles apply to non-monastic/lay Buddhists? (upasaka/upasika savaka/sravaka)

Labels are illusions like all conditioned phenomena, but I have an attachment to taxonomy and being able to describe myself accurately. I'm working on that, but in the meantime, I thought this would ...
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2answers
207 views

How is Cakkhupālattheravatthu pronounced exactly?

I read stories about the monk called Cakkhupālattheravatthu, but still don't know how this name is pronounced? Can anyone please tell me the exact pronunciation of this name or word?
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1answer
63 views

Sanskrit Resources

I have been using the Pali Digital Reader to learn Pali (it is a wonderful resource!). Does anyone know of any similar resources for sanskrit? An online software/plugin/reader which makes translating ...
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244 views

Pronounce the word “Buddh” - phonetics

What is the phonetic of the word "Buddh" spoken in time 21:47 to 21:48 minutes of this video. I am a novice in phonetics. The phonetic of the word Buddha is wriiten as [bud̪ːʱə] in this wikipedia ...
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217 views

What specific emotion would best describe dukkah?

One of my key problems studying Buddhism has been definitions. My definition often doesn't have the same span as that of the typical Buddhist - but I am usually successful in coming to similar ...
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2answers
69 views

Does Pa Auk Has A Plan To Translate Tipitaka Pali To English?

I have known about the other translation's versions. However, I need to know the possibility of translation project especially from Pa Auk. I also want to know, if it is possible to know, the reason ...
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371 views

What is the etymology of “byāpā­da­”

The standard description of Wrong Thought (micchāsaṅkappo) in Pali is Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo? Kāmasaṅkappo, ­byāpā­da­saṅkappo, vihiṃ­sāsaṅ­kappo—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo. (...
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What did the Buddha say about motivation?

What did the Buddha say about wholesome types of motivation? Is there a difference in the Pali language between "intention" (as in Right Intention) and "motivation"? From what I understand Right ...
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2k views

I'm interested in precise piece-by-piece translations of the 5 precepts

I recently saw a post on this website by Andrei Volkov that discussed the term Kāmesumicchācāra, breaking it down into it's constituent parts and discussing the full meaning of the word. It led to me ...
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339 views

The pali word for this concept

I'm wondering if pali has a specifically designated word for the view that the outer world is a reflection of one's own life state, not the other way around. Additionally, I am wondering if there ...
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3answers
251 views

Pali Linguistic Algorithm?

Some Buddhist writers seem to imply that they can apply a screen or test, linguistic or otherwise, to the Pali Canon and thus separate the original teachings of the Buddha from its "later" ...
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714 views

'Dukkha': What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?

In Buddhism, the English words 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness' are often used as translations of the Pali word 'dukkha'. What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?
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355 views

Does knowing Pali/Sanskrit (and to which level) give one more insights while reading Buddhist scripts?

I think we all have experienced with our own native languages how works written a while back can have different words for the same meaning or the other way round. Also that words get lost in ...
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Can anyone recommend a good diacritic keyboard for rendering Pali, Sanskrit, etc? [closed]

This isn't particularly about Buddhism, but I'm wondering what people are using for unicode characters.
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1answer
151 views

What Pali and English words are translations of the Norwegian words for ‘reality’?

The English word ‘reality’ (from the Latin res, "matter” or “thing") is very misleading and says the opposite of what “reality” actually is. The Latin 'res' is a very deceptive word, it makes you ...
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4answers
201 views

What is the difference between “Bhāva” and “Ātman” in Pali

I have read in Buddhist text, Buddhism is about "Bhāva" and not "Ātman". What is the difference between "Bhāva" and "Ātman"?
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501 views

How sacrosanct is the “source material” of Buddhism?

In this answer to my question about why we keep referring to antiquated old parables and similes, Inzenity wrote, "The scriptures are part of the teachings, the source of the teachings. It makes ...
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373 views

Higher textual criticism resources

I would like some resources on textual criticism of the pali canon and other ancient buddhist works generally considered to be trustworthy. These should include works from all three traditions if ...
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952 views

Did the Buddha speak Pali? Are the suttas his word verbatim?

Was Pali the language spoken during the time of the Buddha, and would he have spoken this language? Are the suttas contained in the Pali Canon verbatim what the Buddha said, or would things have been ...