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Questions tagged [pali-language]

A dead Indo-European language indigenous to the Indian subcontinent. It is important to Buddhists and scholars of Buddhism because many of the earliest Buddhist texts are written in the Pali language e.g. the Pali Canon. It is also used during chanting and ritual in some Buddhist traditions.

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Why is the Pali word 'saṅkhārā' in Dependent Origination plural?

In researching Dependent Origination as described in SN 12.2 and using a basic Pali language guide (page 18), I found the following about each main Pali word: jarāmaraṇaṃ singular from maraṇa ...
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What is the meaning of uppajjati versus upapajjati?

In the Pali there are two terms, which are (generally) used contextually in two different ways: uppajjati (and its past particle uppanna) upapajjati (and its past particle upapanna) What do these ...
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Are the Pali words “cause” (“hetu'), ”condition“ (”paccaya“), ”nutriment“ (”ahara“) and ”root“ (”mula") synonyms?

Are the Pali words "cause" ("hetu'), "condition" ("paccaya"), "nutriment" ("ahara") and "root" ("mula") always synonyms?
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Is Vinanna a Reification of Recognition?

I read on the Internet that Experience (Vijnana) which is really nothing but reification of Recognition (or Interpretation) of new observations in terms of internalized old observations. Is this ...
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1answer
53 views

Are Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints?

I read a view on the internet that Samskara in Pratītyasamutpāda a cohesive collection of memories or imprints. Is this view or idea taught in the Pali Suttas? If so, please provide some quotes?
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217 views

What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja (ignorance)?

What is moha (delusion)? What is avijja or avidya (ignorance)? What is the difference between moha (delusion) and avijja or avidya (ignorance)?
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191 views

What titles apply to non-monastic/lay Buddhists? (upasaka/upasika savaka/sravaka)

Labels are illusions like all conditioned phenomena, but I have an attachment to taxonomy and being able to describe myself accurately. I'm working on that, but in the meantime, I thought this would ...
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2answers
194 views

How is Cakkhupālattheravatthu pronounced exactly?

I read stories about the monk called Cakkhupālattheravatthu, but still don't know how this name is pronounced? Can anyone please tell me the exact pronunciation of this name or word?
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1answer
47 views

Sanskrit Resources

I have been using the Pali Digital Reader to learn Pali (it is a wonderful resource!). Does anyone know of any similar resources for sanskrit? An online software/plugin/reader which makes translating ...
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2answers
133 views

Pronounce the word “Buddh” - phonetics

What is the phonetic of the word "Buddh" spoken in time 21:47 to 21:48 minutes of this video. I am a novice in phonetics. The phonetic of the word Buddha is wriiten as [bud̪ːʱə] in this wikipedia ...
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What specific emotion would best describe dukkah?

One of my key problems studying Buddhism has been definitions. My definition often doesn't have the same span as that of the typical Buddhist - but I am usually successful in coming to similar ...
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54 views

Does Pa Auk Has A Plan To Translate Tipitaka Pali To English?

I have known about the other translation's versions. However, I need to know the possibility of translation project especially from Pa Auk. I also want to know, if it is possible to know, the reason ...
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219 views

What is the etymology of “byāpā­da­”

The standard description of Wrong Thought (micchāsaṅkappo) in Pali is Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo? Kāmasaṅkappo, ­byāpā­da­saṅkappo, vihiṃ­sāsaṅ­kappo—ayaṃ, bhikkhave, micchāsaṅkappo. (...
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952 views

What did the Buddha say about motivation?

What did the Buddha say about wholesome types of motivation? Is there a difference in the Pali language between "intention" (as in Right Intention) and "motivation"? From what I understand Right ...
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2answers
405 views

I'm interested in precise piece-by-piece translations of the 5 precepts

I recently saw a post on this website by Andrei Volkov that discussed the term Kāmesumicchācāra, breaking it down into it's constituent parts and discussing the full meaning of the word. It led to me ...
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4answers
185 views

The pali word for this concept

I'm wondering if pali has a specifically designated word for the view that the outer world is a reflection of one's own life state, not the other way around. Additionally, I am wondering if there ...
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3answers
194 views

Pali Linguistic Algorithm?

Some Buddhist writers seem to imply that they can apply a screen or test, linguistic or otherwise, to the Pali Canon and thus separate the original teachings of the Buddha from its "later" ...
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470 views

'Dukkha': What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?

In Buddhism, the English words 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness' are often used as translations of the Pali word 'dukkha'. What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'?
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Does knowing Pali/Sanskrit (and to which level) give one more insights while reading Buddhist scripts?

I think we all have experienced with our own native languages how works written a while back can have different words for the same meaning or the other way round. Also that words get lost in ...
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Can anyone recommend a good diacritic keyboard for rendering Pali, Sanskrit, etc? [closed]

This isn't particularly about Buddhism, but I'm wondering what people are using for unicode characters.
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1answer
102 views

What Pali and English words are translations of the Norwegian words for ‘reality’?

The English word ‘reality’ (from the Latin res, "matter” or “thing") is very misleading and says the opposite of what “reality” actually is. The Latin 'res' is a very deceptive word, it makes you ...
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4answers
126 views

What is the difference between “Bhāva” and “Ātman” in Pali

I have read in Buddhist text, Buddhism is about "Bhāva" and not "Ātman". What is the difference between "Bhāva" and "Ātman"?
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How sacrosanct is the “source material” of Buddhism?

In this answer to my question about why we keep referring to antiquated old parables and similes, Inzenity wrote, "The scriptures are part of the teachings, the source of the teachings. It makes ...
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1answer
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Higher textual criticism resources

I would like some resources on textual criticism of the pali canon and other ancient buddhist works generally considered to be trustworthy. These should include works from all three traditions if ...
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402 views

Did the Buddha speak Pali? Are the suttas his word verbatim?

Was Pali the language spoken during the time of the Buddha, and would he have spoken this language? Are the suttas contained in the Pali Canon verbatim what the Buddha said, or would things have been ...
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629 views

Detailed definition of Lokavidu

I've seen this translated as knower of worlds/cosmos and with relation to the senses as what arises, but I still don't have a solid understanding, can someone add clarity?
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In the Anapanasati Sutta, what is the difference between mind and mental processes?

The book Breath by Breath by Larry Rosenberg splits the Anapanasati Sutta into 4 tetrads. The wildmind website does a similar thing. In the second tetrad there is a verse that is rendered He trains ...
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5answers
2k views

Meaning of 'kalapas'

What did the Buddha really meant with 'kalapas' (those ultra small particles of existence, that arise and pass away at an incredible speed)? Is there a correlation between those kalapas and the ...
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2answers
923 views

What is the difference between craving and clinging?

Considering the 12 nidanas Ignorance Mental Volitions Consciousness "Name" and "Form" The six senses Contact Feelings Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Suffering and Death What is the difference ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between samadhi and samatha?

I am in the habit of getting the concepts samatha and samadhi mixed up. To me they seem like related or even similar concepts. Is that correct? My understanding is that samatha seems like the process ...
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The word Dhammanusati.

I received an email invite from a local Buddhist group that's holding a "Dhammanusati practice". In part it stated "Of the meditation practices, one of the most important practices is called ...
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401 views

Why is the first lines of the Dhammapada twin verses sometimes translated using the word 'heart'?

In most of the translations of the Dhammapada I have read the first lines of the Twin Verses (first chapter) are rendered using the words mind or thoughts. For instance this translation by ...
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139 views

What exactly were the parks that the Buddha spent time in?

Whe I read the Pali Canon the BUddha seems to spend a lot of his time in parks in various locations. Often in the suttas these 'parks' are mentioned in the introduction to the text. For instance the ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the exact difference between samatha and passadha?

What is the exact difference between samatha and passadha?
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1answer
210 views

What is the exact meaning of catuparisa (catu-parisa)?

The Buddha mentioned catuparisa (catu-parisa). What did he exactly meant with this word?
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1answer
67 views

Could someone help me transcribe a Pali chant?

I'm working on the subtitles for a YouTube video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxKbO4bLDQM) and could use some help transcribing the chant at the beginning. I suppose it's one of the relatively ...
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2answers
275 views

Why are there rising/falling tones in English-language chanting?

I gather from reading around that the rising/falling pitches that appear in Pali chanting by Thais is due to the tones in the Thai language. But when I see English-language chanting by monks from a ...
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3answers
558 views

Where to get the Pali Canon in Pali?

Does anyone know of a place on the Internet, where one can find the entire Pali Canon written in Pali ? I did a basic search but could not find any such resource. Also, where can one buy a ...
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3answers
301 views

What really Sekha means?

i'm still a bit confused, i know that "sekha" means literally "a learner; in course of perfection" but in some article "sekha" means "a pupil or one under training in a religious doctrine." what i ...
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5k views

Is there any benefit in learning Pali or Sanskrit?

Much of the Theravadan scriptures are written in Pali, so are a lot manuscripts written in Sanskrit, but is there any benefit in learning these languages while the Canon is already translated in other ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between Karma and Sanskara

Karma and Sanskara seam to be very much related. How are they related and how are they different.
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4answers
14k views

What language did the Buddha speak?

Do we know, or have a good idea, what language the historical Buddha (Siddhārtha Gautama) spoke. I've just assumed it is Pali but a moment's thought tells me this is probably wrong since the Pali ...
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277 views

What is the difference between rūpa and Kāyā?

In reading about the 4 Satipatthana or about the 5 Aggregates, it seems the first category of each (form) is sometimes called rūpa and sometimes called Kāyā. Are these just two words for the same ...
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2answers
193 views

Is sloth the same thing as torpor?

When considering the 5 hindrances I always come across the tiredness hindrance translated as sloth and torpor. Since it is always (in my experience) translated as two words does the sloth and torpor ...
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1answer
62 views

Who is a Gandhabbha?

Are gandhabbhas belongs to gods or demons? I tried to find details about them. But couldn't solve my problem. According to the Buddhas Teachings, I want to know whether Gandhabbhas are divine people ...
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485 views

How is the Pali Phase “Sabbakayapatisamvedi Assasissami… passasissamiti sikkhati…” Interpreted as per Different Linage?

What is the interpretation of the Pali phrase "Sabbakayapatisamvedi Assasissami... passasissamiti sikkhati..." this seems to be interpreted differently by different lineages. What are the different ...
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671 views

What is the Interpretation of Parimukham in the context of Buddhist Meditation?

This seems to have different interpretation and translations? What are the different interpretations and translations and what might be the most correct interpretation according to different line of ...
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1answer
297 views

What is the best translation of Anatta into English?

Is the best translation of Anatta "non-self" or "there is nothing that you can take as me, mine, self or non-changing everlasting controllable part which can be identified as me, mine or everlasting ...
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854 views

A good source to learn the Pali language? [closed]

I have asked this considering the importance of Pali in Buddhism. I want to learn Pali. I want to learn it individually on my own. Is there any relatively simple way? Can anyone suggest me ...
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3answers
358 views

Does 'kusala' (skillful) also mean 'wholesome' and 'morally good'?

According to this page the same word, 'kusala', can mean 'wholesome', 'skillful', 'good', or 'meritorious'. In English, these words have very different meanings or connotations, especially in ...