Questions tagged [pali-canon]

The Pāḷi Canon is a compilation of scriptures that preserve the earliest record of the teachings attributed to the Buddha in the Pāḷi language. It is also called the Pāḷi Tipiṭaka since it is divided in three sections (tipiṭaka, "three baskets") of teachings, such as, the Discipline Basket (Vinaya Piṭaka), Discourse Basket (Sutta Piṭaka) & Higher Teachings Basket (Abhidhamma Piṭaka).

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6answers
119 views

What is the “meditation on emptiness” in MN 121?

What is the "meditation on emptiness" in MN 121? What does "emptiness" refer to in this sutta? Also, what does "oneness dependent on the perception of ..." mean in this sutta? “Indeed, Ānanda, ...
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8answers
770 views

Is it even possible to attain Nirvana?

Sorry, I've just read Satipatthana Sutta (MN 10) and feel a bit overwhelmed. As far as I understand, this is some sort of instruction on how to attain enlightenment. It teaches, that one has to ...
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2answers
316 views

Beginner's Buddhist Course Syllabus By Ancient Pali Canon (Ganthadhura And Vipassanādhura)

How to learn dhamma as Māhāvihāra Theravāda Buddhists? How Māhāvihāra Theravāda Buddhists learn kammaṭhāna and dhamma for over 2600 years?
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1answer
44 views

Is Dhamma-thinking considered wise attention?

According to AN 5.73 (translated by Thanissaro Bhikkhu): "Then there is the case where a monk takes the Dhamma as he has heard & studied it and thinks about it, evaluates it, and examines it ...
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7answers
127 views

Union with Brahma, or company of Brahma?

The following phrase comes from DN 13: “ayameva ujumaggo, ayamañjasāyano niyyāniko niyyāti takkarassa brahmasahabyatāya, yvāyaṃ akkhāto brāhmaṇena pokkharasātinā”ti. T.W. Rhys Davids translated ...
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9answers
282 views

In what order should I read the various Buddhist scriptures?

Well, first of all, I don't consider myself a strict Buddhist, but I want to study Buddhism -- both Theravada and Mahayana -- for educational and spiritual purposes. I am very excited with scientific ...
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5answers
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Are the 16 stages of Insight mentioned by the Buddha in the early Pali texts or are they a later addition to the Dharma?

I am reading Practical Insight Meditation: Basic and progressive stages by Mahasi Sayadaw. In the book he elaborates on the 16 stages of insight meditation as a kind of road map of what to expect. I ...
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7answers
695 views

The Four Nutriments: what do the metaphors in SN 12.63 mean?

In the Puttamansa Sutta, the Four Nutriments ('ahara') of physical food, sense contact, intention & consciousness are discussed using four comparative similes ('metaphors'). The 1st simile of ...
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4answers
131 views

Was Buddhism during the life of the Buddha unique in the history of religion per Huston Smith?

In chapter 3 of Buddhism, A Concise Introduction, Huston Smith and Philip Novak give a list of characteristics present in Hinduism at the time of the Buddha: Authority: "talent and sustained ...
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2answers
120 views

Sacca-pabba Is the reason that commentary commented “Viññāṇa is Jāti and Paṭisandhi,” right?

In saccapabba of mahāsatipaṭṭhānasutta: Jāti is "khandhānaṃ patubhāvo" and "āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho". Khandhānaṃ patubhāvo included viññāṇa-khandha. Viññāṇa-khandha is viññāṇa-paṭiccasamuppāda. Rūpa-...
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7answers
197 views

What did Buddha mean by the words “tranquillising the bodily formation” in the Anapanasati Sutta?

“Here a bhikkhu, gone to the forest or to the root of a tree or to an empty hut, sits down; having folded his legs crosswise, set his body erect, and established mindfulness in front of him, ever ...
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5answers
246 views

What's the purpose of AN 2.61?

What could be the purpose of the Buddha teaching AN 2.61 below? Why is this relevant? How is this useful? AN 2.61 states: “Mendicants, females die without getting enough of two things. “Dvinnaṃ ...
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3answers
135 views

A scientific error of the Buddha?

Is it a scientific error of the Buddha? Sāriputta, there are these four kinds of reproduction. What four? Reproduction for creatures born from an egg, from a womb, from moisture, or spontaneously. ...
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5answers
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What are the Pali translations for mindfulness?

I know that the Pali word for mindfulness is sati as in the Satipatthana Sutta but I've also heard that there is more than one word for mindfulness that is used throughout the Pali Canon. Can anyone ...
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2answers
82 views

Are impressions or vasanas found in the Pali Canon?

According to this answer: Kilesa has a residual impression which is called vāsanā which even arhats have. Only a Buddha eliminates that. This is what drives habits. Many habits are reflexive ...
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6answers
284 views

How does higher virtue lead to sexier heavenly sensual rebirth?

It's said that gods/devas experience more superior sensual pleasures than human beings. Human beings who keep Buddhist five precepts will be able to take rebirth in heavenly realm. Sensual pleasure is ...
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5answers
201 views

What are the “seven stations of consciousness” supposed to mean?

DN 15 includes the utterance of the "seven stations of consciousness", where the later six equate with the six of the eight jhanas, namely: 1. There are sentient beings that are diverse in body (...
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13answers
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Can the Buddha ever be a woman?

Is it true that the Buddha will never be a woman? If so, why is this? To be specific, I am particularly asking whether or not the Buddha itself can be female. I am not asking whether a woman can ...
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2answers
156 views

What were the source documents of the PTS Sutta Pitaka?

The Pali Text Society published editions of the Pali Tipitaka, starting in about 1890. I assume it was copied (transcribed) from one or more written sources, not from memory, is that so? From what ...
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7answers
189 views

What is the correct meaning of dhamma, dharma, atta, anatta?

I am unable to understand different meanings of words dhamma, dharma, atta, anatta... Does dhamma means as "path" or "truth" or "teaching" as in Ariyapariyesana Sutta or as "phenomenon" or as "...
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2answers
110 views

Kamma and the Physical [duplicate]

Does kamma bind or work with the physical realm? Such as a tsunami will kill you, but you will also die in such a way due to past kamma?
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5answers
174 views

Soul that transmigrates?

In Timsa Sutta Buddha says: "What do you think, monks? Which is greater, the blood you have shed from having your heads cut off while transmigrating & wandering this long, long time, or the water ...
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3answers
383 views

Misconception about remembering past lives?

I have been digging really deep into the philosophy of Buddha. What I have come to know is that Buddha has never talked about remembering past lives in any original text. If he has then please let me ...
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2answers
175 views

Is there mention of Maitreya Buddha in Pali Canon?

How did this idea of next Buddha formed? Is it the influence of other religion where they say Kalki or Christ will return. Also does Pali Canon mention many other Buddha before Gautam Buddha?
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1answer
47 views

The World • It Disintegrates

Friends, I am looking for a sutta from the Pali Canon wherein the Buddha, expounding the nature of the world, goes somewhat like this : And what is the world ? That which disintegrates is the ...
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2answers
58 views

Protection from tree-stumps

In the Paritta Parikamma, there is the line: May you take care in protecting yourselves from the dangers of tyrants, robbers, human beings, non-human beings, fires, floods, demons, tree-stumps, ...
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5answers
186 views

Is it in line with the pali cannon suttas to accept other scriptures?

According to the suttas Are human beings capable of discerning what dhamma is outside of the suttas? Is it possible to know enough from the suttas and then make use of the Abhidhamma? What about ...
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3answers
233 views

Why are the words “mano” & “manasa” used in the opening Dhammapada verses?

The well-known yet often differently translated opening verses of the Dhamma use the Pali words "mano" and "manasa", as follows: Manopubbaṅgamā dhammā, manoseṭṭhā manomayā; Manasā ce ...
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2answers
52 views

What is the textual source of the 4 infinitudes and the 6 coolnesses?

If I remember this right I heard about the 4 infinitudes and the 6 coolnesses on podcasts. Not sure if I'm getting the names right and/or representing these properly. The question is, I'm looking for ...
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4answers
133 views

What are the different meditation types & how to do them?

I know there are many types of meditation, but can someone help clarify the following questions on meditation: - What types of meditation is essential for the practice & why? - How do those types ...
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4answers
1k views

Male & Female - Is gender an illusion?

According to Buddhism & Science there is no gender to the mind but to the body.The difference between the male and female ideology is a difference between practicing two different ways of life. ...
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2answers
78 views

Are the majority of humans reincarnated from the lower worlds?

I read the following on the internet: Birth as a human is extremely rare the majority of humans most likely came from hellish worlds, the animal realm, or the realm of ghosts prior to this ...
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2answers
143 views

In what timeframe was Jataka tales added to Kuddaka Nikaya?

I am trying to see whether the presence of certain characters and stories in the Jataka tales can be taken as a proof for them (stories and characters) being known in that form in the time of the ...
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6answers
167 views

Did the Lord Buddha ever use the word 'materialism'?

On Buddhist forums, I read reincarnationists accuse or demonize truthers as being "materialists", similar to Zionists accusing truthers of being "antisemitic" or Americans accusing traitors as being "...
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2answers
152 views

Where do hiri and ottappa (shame, and fear of wrongdoing) fit in?

Where do hiri and ottappa (shame and fear of wrongdoing) fit it, in: The Four Noble Truths (4nt) The Noble Eightfold Path (8aam) The 37 Bodhipakkhiyādhammā (37bp) The Seven Factors of Awakening (7sb) ...
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2answers
101 views

“Monks” includes everybody?

I have often heard that in many places in the suttas where the Buddha says Bhikkave, (monks!), he really means to include the four parisā (assemblies), which includes lay male and lay female devotees. ...
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2answers
159 views

Karma of Birth?

I've heard even though two people do the same good Karma their returns can be different on what they were thinking. And when coming to effect these different Karmas can give different births ("...
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4answers
7k views

Where is the Buddha quoted as saying do not believe anything I say until you can prove it by yourself?

If I remember rightly the Buddha is quoted as saying something along the lines of: Do not believe anything I say until you can prove it by yourself In what text(s) of the Buddhist cannon is this ...
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5answers
3k views

Don't teach Dhamma to those who can't appreciate it or aren't interested

I read in an answer that AN 9.5 states: The best sort of kindly speech is to teach the Dhamma again and again to someone who is engaged and who lends an ear. However, is there an opposite quote ...
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4answers
151 views

Why the aristocrat is best of people?

Many suttas (SN 6.11; SN 21.11; MN 53; AN 11.10; DN 27) contain the following phase: ‘The aristocrat is best of those people ‘khattiyo seṭṭho janetasmiṃ, who take clan as the standard. ye ...
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1answer
66 views

Five tricks to avoid unwholesome kamma

I have heard of five tricks/methods which could be used to avoid performing unwholesome kamma. I can remember three of them precisely. Would like to know all 5 listed in order. One is shifting the ...
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2answers
39 views

What did the Buddha mean by the four types of reasoning in his advice to the Kalamas?

In AN 3:65, while advising the Kalamas on how to choose among a variety of contradictory belief systems, the Buddha mentions ten inadequate criteria for truth: Come, Kalamas. Do not go by oral ...
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6answers
587 views

In the Anapanasati Sutta, what is the difference between mind and mental processes?

The book Breath by Breath by Larry Rosenberg splits the Anapanasati Sutta into 4 tetrads. The wildmind website does a similar thing. In the second tetrad there is a verse that is rendered He trains ...
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4answers
197 views

Neither standing nor swimming, I crossed the flood

From the Crossing the Flood Sutta below, we read that the Buddha said that he crossed the flood (i.e. of suffering, of clinging to the world), neither by standing still, nor by struggling (or swimming)...
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1answer
57 views

Where can I find Nagita Thera Apadana

I searched in the Apadāna part of Tripitaka..But couldn't find it...This includes a story of Nagitathera's previous life, and merits Nagitathera got for the god-deeds done in that life...
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3answers
114 views

Meaning of the Rooted Sutta

From the Rooted Sutta (AN 10.58) we have the following paragraph translated by Bhikkhu Sujato. What does it mean? What are "things" or "phenomena" in this context? Please explain the whole paragraph. ...
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3answers
95 views

Relationship between sampajanna definitions in SN 47.2 and SN 47.35

What is the relationship between the definitions of sampajañña (clear comprehension) in SN 47.2 and SN 47.35? From SN 47.35 (translated by Bodhi): “And how, bhikkhus, does a bhikkhu exercise clear ...
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5answers
418 views

Why island and not light?

There are some phrases in the suttas where it is said "be your own island". The word for "island" is "dvipa" in Sanskrit, meanwhile "dipa" means "light" or "lamp" in Sanskrit. However, in Pali, "dipa"...
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2answers
33 views

What are the six in SN 1.70?

The sutta quoted below has a riddle about the six. What are the six? And why? What is the message of the sutta? SN 1.70 translated by Bhikkhu Bodhi: “In what has the world arisen? In what does ...
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7answers
1k views

Are there examples of the Buddha showing humour in the Pali Canon?

Leading on from this question - are there any examples of the Buddha showing a sense of humour or a certain lightness in his teachings within the Pali Canon? I was once told that it is possible to ...

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