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Questions tagged [nirvana]

Nirvāṇa (Sanskrit: निर्वाण; Pali: निब्बान nibbāna ; Prakrit: णिव्वाण) literally means "blown out", as in a candle. In the Buddhist context nirvana refers to the imperturbable stillness of mind after the fires of desire, aversion, and delusion have been extinguished.

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What is actually Nirvana — what are some Tripitaka sources?

What do you know about the Nirvana? Most of this community people are from all around the world, and may have different teachers, and level of knowledge may vary. A brief explanation, with reference ...
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What is Nirvana (mahayana)?

...as per the title. In the Theravada literature, the Buddha is seen as someone who found an end to suffering and taught that for all his life, urging his disciples to apply themselves to it, to not ...
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Difference between abiding nirvana and non-abiding nirvana?

In Mahayana Buddhism, what is the difference between abiding nirvana and non-abiding nirvana? Are there official Sanskrit terms for "abiding nirvana" and "non-abiding nirvana"? What are they? When a ...
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I am confused about certain things, I really hope some kind person can help

What is the view of Buddhism on time and space does it exist?? In Advaita they say time and space do not exist at all. Advaita says that there is only the universal conciousness and all the objects ...
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Has any Buddhist ever talked about postponing Buddhahood forever, but not for all sentient beings?

Has any Buddhist ever talked about postponing Buddhahood forever, but not for all sentient beings? I do not, I suppose, mean because the "bodhisattva" enjoys life. I am trying to ask about "...
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Is it possible for absolutely everyone to attain enlightenment?

As seen in the title of this question, I'm not sure whether everyone is able to attain enlightenment. As far as my study and introspective analysis have shown to me, it seems that in order to uproot ...
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Why can't we reason or logic our way to NIrvana?

I have read at various places that Nirvana can't be described or reached by logic or reason. ONLY meditation is the way. Why is that so? thanks in advance.
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Is Nibbana a state of mind or an element (dhamma)?

I have four parts of this question, Is Nibbana a state of mind or a dhamma? If Nibbana is a state of mind, is it merely the uprooting of craving? If the answer for the second question is "Yes", then ...
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What prevents us from attaining Nibbana?

What prevents us from attaining Nibbana? Is it the ignorance or the craving? So, what should we focus on, in order to attain Nibbana? Is it uprooting the craving or uprooting the ignorance? Because ...
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Is it possible to describe nibbana?

This Dhamma Wiki article, Nibbana, says that "Nibbana (Pali), nirvana (Sanskrit), is the highest spiritual state and the ultimate goal of Buddhism." Please describe nibbana. What is it? How do you ...
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Is nibbana eternal?

Arising dhamma is ceasing dhamma so much as ceasing dhamma is arising dhamma as well. What does this mean? The answer should be nibbana is not eternal either. I'm asking about the Pali in this quote ...
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Does Buddhism give methods to ask questions when you are proliferating?

From What is the Buddhist view in Socratic questioning?, I get that it is important to ask questions to get out of sufferings. However, when we are getting stuck it is very difficult to realize that ...
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Does Nibbana lie within The All or not?

The Sabba Sutta (SN 35.23) (trans. Thanissaro) states: The Blessed One said, "What is the All? Simply the eye & forms, ear & sounds, nose & aromas, tongue & flavors, body & ...
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Difference between Pin (Punya) and Kusal(Kushala)?

I have seen people using the words Pin ("good deeds") interchangeably with Kusal; and Paw ("bad deeds") interchangeably with Akusal. But there are clear differences between them -- per my ...
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Sutras says that there is nothing to attain: but is there a beginning to attaining nirvana?

Sutras says that there is nothing to attain: but is there a beginning to attaining nirvana? See e.g. the heart sutra No suffering, no origination, no stopping, no path, no cognition, also no ...
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Does practicing Brahmavihara to get insights leads to Nibbana?

I read the books of Bhante Vimalaramsi that is using the practice of Brahmavihara to reach a state that is called Tranquil Aware Jhana and then to generate insights from the fourth rupa Jhana. Has ...
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Regarding Nicca and Anicca natures of Avidya and Prajna

If Tanha (Craving) is caused by Avidya (Ignorance), and Avidya is originated and sustained by Tanha, then the origination of Avidya is part of a recursive cycle with no beginning. Yet Prajna (Wisdom) (...
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Do all Buddhists say that nirvana exists?

Do all Buddhists say that nirvana exists? I can't believe I don't know the answer to that question, the amount I've read about Buddhism. Off the top of my head, some say it has svabhava, those that ...
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How does an arahant know that ignorance won't return/re-arise after death?

The earlier aspects that now seem less relevant imo: ---How can it be known that ignorance won't return/re-arise and why won't it return/re-arise if there is no consciousness after death? ---...
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Why is Nibbanna unconditioned if it's dependent on mind & brain [closed]

Often it is said that nibbana is unconditioned, but nibbana is definitely dependent on other conditions. Also, according to modern psychology nothing can be 'eliminated' (greed, hatred and delusion in ...
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Is ending up in hell at some point in time inevitable for those beings who are not Stream Entrants?

I have seen this a few times in various places, although I haven't read it in any suttas, but I am guessing there might be some that talk about this.
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How is one supposed to be compassionate and 100% free of suffering while others are suffering?

How is this possible besides if one simply doesn't mind if others are suffering? But if one truly doesn't mind whether others are suffering or not isn't that a lack of compassion? Is one supposed to ...
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From the perspective of Theravada, can a Mahayana follower attain Nibbana?

And how about followers of other non-Theravadin Buddhisms? Why? If they cannot, what is the last stage of enlightenment that they are able to achieve? Please refer to sources in your answers.
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What Gautam Buddha said about “self”, in Chapter Three of the Mahayana Mahaparinirvana Sutra?

From this site, I found the following saying of Buddha: "You, monks, should not thus cultivate the  notion (samjna) of impermanence, suffering and non-Self, the notion of impurity and so forth, ...
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Possibility of nothing but all-encompassing, absolute Nibbana without Samsara? If so, is sustainability possible (and how)?

Is nothing but all-encompassing, absolute Nibbana without Samsara possible? If so, is sustainability possible (and how)?
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How can Nirvana (Nibbana) be permanent?

If everything is impermanent and this is used as a reason why Buddhists do not believe in a creator and eternal God, how can Nirvana be permanent? Did the Buddha ever explain this point?
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Has a teacher referred to sleep as a form of 'lazy nirvana'?

The other night at a group meditation meeting, I mentioned to another practitioner that sleep is a 'lazy form of Nirvana'. My memory tells me that Tara Brach or another teacher jokingly referred to ...
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According to Theravada tradition, was Siddharta Gautama illuminated after meditating under the Bodhi tree?

I just found out what seems to me as a contradiction under Theravada tradition: When Siddharta Gautama meditated under the Bodhi tree, I understand ho achieved illumination, he reached the Nirvana. ...
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What are the different forms of nibbāna?

Often people refer to nibbāna with the cessation of all mental defilements. However, does nibbāna also encompass 'momentary cooling off', for example when one engages in the various contemplations / ...
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Can you explain “nirvana”?

Can anybody explain to me about "nibbana" and how it is different form "nirvana"? Are there views about it and ways to get to it?
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How can we conclude that something is unarisen and eternal?

Let us suppose there is something (i.e. nirvana) unarisen and eternal. How can we conclude and trust that it is indeed unarisen and eternal ? Because in order to find out whether it is unarisen, we ...
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Can we say cause/causes behind the world is/are eternal?

There is one reality which is eternal and that is Nirvana. Nirvana had no beginning nor has an end yet it exists. Nirvana and the world are closely linked up. The one who is in the world can attain ...
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How do you reach Nirvana when you are craving Nirvana?

They say once you reach Nirvana you remove craving. However, don't we need to crave the state of Nirvana in order to reach it? Doesn't that contradict everything an enlightened person who reached ...
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If Nirvana is unconditional then why is it not happening now?

It is said that Nirvana is unconditional i.e there are no conditions for it to happen. If so then why is Nirvana not happening now? Is my wish or suitability a condition for it happen?
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What is Nirodha?

I came across the concept of Nirodha in the book The Meditative Mind by Daniel Goleman. I think it's originally from the Visuddhimagga. In the book it seems to be placed above Nirvana in the path of ...
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After attaining Nirvana will I remember that I was once without Nirvana?

After attaining Nirvana will I remember that I was once without Nirvana? If yes , as Buddha did, then isn't it true that my relationship with or possession of Nirvana had a beginning?
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How will I know that this state of no suffering will last forever?

Suppose I have reached a state of no suffering. Then what is the proof that suffering won't arise again ? How can I be sure that state of Nirvana doesn't change or decay ?
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Parinibbāna in secular Buddhism

I take it that an important claim of secular Buddhism is that the Buddha never actually taught literal rebirth. What happens during parinibbāna according to secular Buddhism? How is it different from ...
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After Nibbana, can one be reborn again in Samsara?

Is Nibbana final? Or if you attain Nibbana, can you be reborn again in Samsara if you wish?
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Comparison of Nirvana, Tao and Brahman/Atma

Nirvana is described in Samyutta Nikaya 43 as "the unfabricated (unborn?), the uninclined, the truth, the far shore, the subtle, the very difficult to see, the unaging (eternal?), the stable, the ...
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What is the fastest way to reach enlightenment?

I am asking for reference request and sutras where a person can cut through samsara quickly and obtain liberation. I have heard a story when Buddha was asked this question and he replied "Sound". ...
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Does any real existent or genuine person end with parinibbana?

Does modern Theravada accept that no real person ends with the break up of the body of a realized one? That the moment after the break up of the body of a realized one is the same as the moment before?...
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Awakened Great Zen Master Seung Sahn - is it possible he lost the state of Nibbana?

From my understanding of awakening (and also according to answers here like Is it possible to become UNenlightened?), it is an irreversible process. It makes sense in theory as, once one awakens, ...
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Is there a sutta which answers where a nirvanaised consciousnesses is after death and comapres it to a fire going out?

Is there a sutta which answers where a nirvanaised consciousnesses is after death and comapres it to a fire going out? I thought there was, but can't find it. Sounds like Vacchagota mashed up with ...
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how desire for cessation, never to be reborn, is different from desire for non-being?

The Second Noble Truth identifies three aspects of craving, one of them being craving for non-being. How does the desire for cessation, to attain final Nibbāna, never to be reborn, differ from the ...
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Is there any biological constraint to attain Nibbana?

This question may look like a copy of this question, but I am asking in a broader sense including age limit. The historical reference of a person attaining Nibbana in oldest age is Joshu, apparently,...
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Do arhats exist after death?

I was just looking at the connected discousres (Bhikkhu Bodhi) and it said Sorry for the rushed question, but I wondered if arhats can be said to exist or not after death? Does the Buddha say the ...
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What's the awakened state like?

I can grasp the truth of the false self. That what I think of "me" in my mind doesn't exist . But I'm scared of giving it up after 45 years of it. Im like the guy in the matrix. Nero?
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If I start doing Vipassana now, how long will it take me to achieve Nirvana?

Call me an over-enthusiast but presently, the highest priority in my life is to achieve the object of Nirvana or moksha. By performing Vipassana, I want to achieve Nirvana and in this lifetime only. I'...
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Is Anapanasati a complete path? Does it, by itself, lead to nirvana?

I have been doing meditation of various forms (Goenka body-scanning, anapanasati, just sitting, kaya, citta, and vedana nupassana, etc.) but am trying to figure out something about anapanasati in ...