Questions tagged [early-buddhism]

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Parallel practices in Buddhism to kavacchas

Buddhism although doesn't address the path of the gods for enlightment, it is seen that they are largely addressed for their existence. There are entities - dakinis, pisachinis, etc that are negative ...
User 29449's user avatar
-1 votes
4 answers
149 views

Does Early Buddhism affirm mainstream orthodox ideologies?

I read the following on the internet by an independent (Australian) bhikkhu: Oppositional framing is cringe You know it when you see it. “Everyone else says that … but I say this”. Which is ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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What do the Four Great Elements refer to?

The Four Great Elements quite literally translate to Earth, Wind (Air), Fire, Water. It is often taught that these are really descriptions of first person experience, and the monikers are just ...
Jbag1212's user avatar
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Justifications for why there are no mentions of Nirodha Samapatti in the earliest stratum of the Pali canon?

As the title states, there are no explicit references to Nirodha Samapatti in what is widely considered to be the earliest stratum of the Pali canon (which includes texts such as the Sutta Nipata, ...
user3294195's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
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The commonly acceptable hypotheses/theories among scholars to explain how come Prajñāpāramitā sutra have existed so early as about 75 CE?

In 2012, Harry Falk and Seishi Karashima published a damaged and partial Kharoṣṭhī manuscript of the Mahāyāna Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā Sūtra. It is carbon dated to ca. 75 CE, making it one of the ...
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1 answer
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What is the origin or history of the concept of 'Buddha Sasana"?

There is some information here at wikipedia I am curious to know if that came from Buddha himself or mentioned in any suttas. The 'sasana' concepts restricts appearence of solitary buddhas or ...
Susmita Barua's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
207 views

Can everything be explained as the result of Kamma or not?

In his brief introduction to Sivaka Sutta, SN 36:21, Thanissaro Bhikkhu states that the Sutta has been misinterpreted as saying that there are certain things not explainable as the results of Kamma. ...
arturovm's user avatar
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How is 'consciousness' (vinyaana) defined in Buddhist texts?

How is 'consciousness' (vinyaana) defined in Buddhist texts? How similar or different is it from the way the word is used these days -- particularly in scientific studies of consciousness ?
ramana_k's user avatar
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Momentariness, but birth and death?

If everything exists for an instant only, as with Sautrāntika Buddhism, then doesn't that mean everything dies at the exact same time it is born? Isn't that impossible? I am not asking for an analysis ...
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3 answers
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What is the meaning of "in and of itself" in DN 22?

What is the meaning of "in and of itself" in the Maha-satipatthana Sutta DN 22?
Routcheau's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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About the authencity of modern meditation methods

I've been reading a few sources, books, essays and teachings that discuss the idea that the current orthodoxy of Theravada and its modern meditation methods show great differences with what the suttas ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
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3 answers
564 views

Was the Abhidhamma taught by the Buddha?

According to the Theravada tradition, the Abhidhamma was taught by the Buddha. From "The Abhidhamma in Practice" by N.K.G. Mendis: Theravaada tradition holds that the Buddha conceived the ...
ruben2020's user avatar
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1 answer
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Feedback - Are spaced-repetition cards useful for learning core Dhamma?

I've created an Anki deck (still WIP, link here: https://ankiweb.net/shared/info/414202630), drawing on the translations available here in SuttaCentral (with direct links to those pages). My thinking ...
fatmonky's user avatar
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3 answers
157 views

Is this the correct translation and exact meaning of these epic verses in Tripitaka?

There are two sentences found in Tripitaka. Do they mean, "the Divine one come to teach on earth"? Please forgive me, but it very close to Jesus's savings. As Jesus says, "I'm son of Lord, come for ...
Sandeep Telang's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
78 views

Bhadanta or Thero

Thero, Bhadanta, and Venerable.. are words for addressing the old monks, abbots in pagodas and/or temples. I really do not know how they are ranked in Buddhist Sangha. Which title is the highest... ...
VietnameseBfollower's user avatar
2 votes
7 answers
170 views

Is Nibbana devoid of a permanent and eternal substance?

I read the following on the internet: According to Wikipedia by the way, Nagarjuna wrote, in the Mūlamadhyamakakārikā, "[A]ll experienced phenomena are empty (sunya). This did not mean that ...
Dhamma Dhatu's user avatar
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Who should we regard as role models?

When practicing the Dhamma there are many exemplary characters found in Buddhist texts who are worthy of emulation,I want to know whether it would be right for a layman to regard an Arahant Bhikkuni ...
Isira Ratnayake 's user avatar
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3 answers
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Dependent Origination, 'here-&-now' & 11th & 12th link

On this site there are some users who claim that birth & death are mental phenomena, while other people argue that it's something physical. Contextually, the Buddha lived in a time where other ...
Val's user avatar
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Was Buddhism during the life of the Buddha unique in the history of religion per Huston Smith?

In chapter 3 of Buddhism, A Concise Introduction, Huston Smith and Philip Novak give a list of characteristics present in Hinduism at the time of the Buddha: Authority: "talent and sustained ...
kuzzooroo's user avatar
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Buddha's view on sexuality

In contemporary society (apart from religion) sex is mostly seen as something pleasurable, which is done even without considering childbearing. As far as I can see, Buddha taught extensively to lay ...
F2TF's user avatar
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1 answer
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Khandha vs Kaya

What is the difference between "Khandha" and "Kaya". Are the words related? The translations for khandha that I've found are "groupings", "aggregates", "heaps". Also for Kaya I have found that the ...
glucab86's user avatar
0 votes
3 answers
91 views

how to aware of Dukkha ( "suffering", "anxiety", "stress", or "unsatisfactoriness")

I have read about 'Dukkha': What is the difference between 'suffering' & 'unsatisfactoriness'? but i want to know how to aware Dukkha what are the good practicess to ...
ORBIT's user avatar
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3 answers
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what is Sakkayaditti whats it meaning

I have read about sakkayaditti https://www.wisdomlib.org/definition/sakkayaditti Sakkayaditti means something in Buddhism, Pali. please help me to clarify
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What is "Pattichha Samuppadha" in buddhism

i want clarification about what is "patichcha samuppada" its in "Anekajati sansaram sandhavissam anibbisam Gahakarakam gavesanto dukka jati punappunam" “This tour, this cycle of existence, has run ...
ORBIT's user avatar
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4 answers
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Permission of parents to be a Monk

I already know this much https://buddhism.stackexchange.com/a/35802/17220 Still ,there is a particular case where ,I have no experience/knowledge which is below. Person with 27 yrs. of age and ...
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3 votes
5 answers
114 views

The Animal Plane & Evolution?

(Please Theravada perspective if possible) NAMO TASSA BAGAVATO ARAHANTO SAMMA-SAMBUDDHASA (I am not fluent, forgive errors) These are my following questions: Do animals feel emotions just like ...
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0 votes
3 answers
320 views

Are Samatha and Vipassana mentioned in the Pali Canon as different styles/techniques of meditation?

I've seen in a lot of discussions that there are two kinds of meditation methods with different but complementary goals: meditation for establishing tranquility (samatha) and meditation for ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
4 votes
8 answers
437 views

Is there a real difference between "not-self" and "no self", and if so, which one is correct?

Just in case someone is interested, this is a question based on this thread, but it's not necessary to read such discussion to understand and answer this question. I'd like to know about the ...
Brian Díaz Flores's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

What are the Five Pungent (Vegetables/Roots/Spices) and when were they first proscribed?

According to Salguero (2017): The Five Pungent Roots generally refer to garlic, leeks, scallions, onions, and asafoetida, as well as their subvarieties. In some sources, the list includes ginger ...
user1180576's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why Buddha rejected Upanishad and Veda?

For what reason did Buddha rejected Upanishad and Vedas?
Varun Krish's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
567 views

When Buddhism started?

After Gautama Buddha's born or Buddhism were already there in the world when Gautama Buddha was born? who was the first Buddhism follower?
Wickram Bagawathinathan's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
223 views

How is Cakkhupālattheravatthu pronounced exactly?

I read stories about the monk called Cakkhupālattheravatthu, but still don't know how this name is pronounced? Can anyone please tell me the exact pronunciation of this name or word?
laser2302's user avatar
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2 answers
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Was Anuruddha, one of the ten Great Disciples of the Buddha, born in Sri Lanka?

When I was searching for the translated name from Chinese 阿那律 to Sanskrit while attempting a comment on one post, I entered 阿那律 or Anuruddha to Google it came up with the list and the usual short ...
Mishu 米殊's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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Does any buddhist school, extant or otherwise, say that there is no svabhava what-so-ever?

Does any buddhist school, extant or otherwise, say that there is no svabhava what-so-ever? I was thinking maybe an early school without the abhidahrma (mahasanghika) or perhaps prasangika-yogaraca in ...
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2 votes
2 answers
200 views

Cause and End of Suffering vs the Four Noble truths

I have heard that the Buddha once stated that he only teaches the cause of suffering and the end of suffering. Can I have a Sutta reference for this? What happened to the other two of the four noble ...
Akila Hettiarachchi's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Which is a good book to read about history of Buddhism?

I'd like to read about the history of Buddhism. Which book or books would you recommend?
Esteban Knöbl's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
962 views

Were there 27 more Buddhas before Siddhartha Gautam Buddha?

Were there 27 more Buddhas before Siddhartha Gautam Buddha? If so, are there any evidences of it. How about the finding of Buddhist Stupas and Idols in Harappa civilization?Is it linked with this fact?...
Rajiv's user avatar
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1 answer
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Where to get the genuine e-book on "Jataka Tales" in English?

I have been looking for an e-book on "Jataka Tales", I got one in Marathi by Ven.Dharmanand Kosambi which I feel is good and the another one I got is in English by Todd Anderson which is totally ...
Rajiv's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
378 views

What was the reason behind the fall of Buddhism in India? [duplicate]

Buddhism was originated from India.It spread all accross the world, many countries are called as Buddhist countries. Lord Buddha was the most scientific, serene, logical and kind person of the world,...
Rajiv's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
223 views

Ṛta, ritual and Buddhism

Not "clinging to rites and rituals" is one of the three requirements to become a Sotapanna. But in creating a Sangha with strict rules (especially given the extensive permutations within the ...
Ilya Grushevskiy's user avatar
3 votes
8 answers
1k views

Why didn't Buddhism become Popular in India in Lord Buddha's time?

In Ancient India when Prince Siddhartha became Lord Buddha, Buddhism started. After that so many people in India followed Buddhism. As per this Map in India shows very little stats having Buddhism, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
422 views

Does knowing Pali/Sanskrit (and to which level) give one more insights while reading Buddhist scripts?

I think we all have experienced with our own native languages how works written a while back can have different words for the same meaning or the other way round. Also that words get lost in ...
andrew's user avatar
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4 answers
125 views

Is Buddhism the Way of Truth?

I mean, free from misguidance, from being wrong and misdirected? And if it the case, where is the evidence?
truthcures's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
434 views

What is the Origin and History of Milindapanha?

What is the Origin and History of Milindapanha? When was it 1st written? How did evolve over time? What are the notable changes to it if any? Since when was it in the current form?
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
98 views

What are good resources to study the historic evolution and comparative studies of Abhidhamma

What are good resources and references (ideally online) to learn historic evolution of Abhidhamma. Also comparative studies on different Abhidhamma schools. NB: I am aware of BPU BPhil 3rd Year ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
365 views

What are 'suttas of indirect meaning' in the Pali canon?

This subsection of Wikipedia's Two Truths article says that the "two truths" distinction is not made in the suttas, but that there are some "suttas of indirect meaning". Two ...
ChrisW's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
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When were the earliest Buddhist writings created

Buddha was born (according to Wikipedia) somewhere around 563 BCE to 480 BCE, and lived 80 years. From what I have understood, no teachings that made it to this day, have been written down when he ...
Anton's user avatar
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5 answers
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What is the Buddhist Perspective on Lucid Dreaming?

What is the buddhist perspective on lucid dreaming? I am very curious about my first lucid dream last night.
sherly's user avatar
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5 votes
10 answers
1k views

Did the Buddha mean this by "rebirth"?

I suspect the Buddha used the term "rebirth" in a sense different from its traditional meaning. Probably he meant that our sense of separate self is repeatedly being born, decaying, dying and being ...
Soumen's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
647 views

Time in Buddhism

I read a couple of books on time, yet they all seemed somewhat incomplete, as if it was something simply tagged onto the rebirth / enlightenment doctrine. How important is time in Buddhism, not ...
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