Questions tagged [dukkha]

Dukkha (Pāli; Sanskrit: duḥkha; Tibetan: སྡུག་བསྔལ་ sdug bsngal, pr. "duk-ngel") is a Buddhist term commonly translated as "suffering", "anxiety", "stress", or "unsatisfactoriness". The principle of dukkha is one of the most important concepts in the Buddhist tradition. The Buddha is reputed to have said: "I have taught one thing and one thing only, dukkha and the cessation of dukkha."

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Should dukkha be translated as `being unexpected`?

Dukkha is traditionally translated as suffering, but I heard from a scholar of Eastern history that it's better translated as being unexpected. In my interpretation (not just in what I heard), that ...
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Did the Buddha really say that "life is suffering"?

I often see the first noble truth (duḥkha) stated as "life is suffering". I have yet to come across a passage in a Buddhist text which phrases it like this - mostly they don't talk about "life" in ...
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3 marks of existence: conditioned vs unconditioned things?

The Wikipedia page for "the 3 marks of existence" differentiates between "conditioned things" and "unconditioned things" like so: The three marks are: sabbe saṅkhārā ...
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4answers
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Anatta and the question of motivation

I am a layperson of protestant Christian background interested in buddhist thought and trying to clarify some of the basic concepts for myself. One of the stumbling blocks is understanding the ...
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1answer
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Definition of Dukkha [duplicate]

What is the precise meaning of the word "dukkha", often translated as "suffering" in Buddhism? Is it correct to say that Buddhism gives a method to get rid of all sufferings, ...
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602 views

What is the most accurate translation of the word 'dukkha'?

This question is a sequel to my previous question about First Noble Truth. It seems that there is discord about the exact rendering of the word 'dukkha'. Sorry if I sound like a pedantic dou*h. I am ...
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Is there a separate word for pain (in Pali) which the Buddha used to differentiate pain from suffering?

Re: The common saying ... "Pain is inevitable but suffering is a choice". Wherein by "dukkha" is meant everything from mild discomfort to intense suffering ... It occurs to me that ...
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1answer
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What does Buddhism say about Antinatalism? [duplicate]

Antinatalism is the view that it is ethically wrong to procreate any sort of sentient beings, be it human or otherwise because to exist means also to experience pain, pleasure, suffering, bodily ...
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435 views

How to stop rejecting / avoiding things?

I'm getting aversion when someone do things that I don't like. This happens when a person do and not on natural things like rain. But It is hard to recorgnise it as aversion because that aversion is ...
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225 views

How to practise without having aversion towards life?

Before I started studying Buddhism I had desire for life and desires for more in life. That eventually led me to inevitable and immense suffering and eventually to Buddhism. Now as I practise Buddhism ...
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6answers
375 views

Why is 'dukkha' included in one of the three marks of existence?

In this link and this link the Buddha says that "there is stress" (or suffering or whatever your preferred translation of dukkha is). The Buddha does not say that suffering (dukkha) is ...
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6answers
249 views

Are there anything to care about in this universe?

Due to impermanance of everything, Are there anything to be happy or sad about ? Even about dhamma ? If something seems like to be happy, there are some reasons to not to be happy. It is impermanant ...
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Does duḥkha apply to animals too?

Life is inherently full of suffering. I wonder if the concept of dukkha applies to non-human animals.
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How to get along

As we all know, Harmony in the Sangha is one of the most important attributes of the practicing community which necessarily live and work together. Yet, it is almost inevitable for people - ...
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255 views

How can I smile when existence itself is dukkha?

I see many monks smiling ,which is a good thing, but logically speaking how can they smile when they know life is dukkha. Can you smile when you are watching somebody getting tortured ? My question ...
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Is suffering always present?

I'm reading Thich Nhat Hanh's "The heart of the Buddhist teaching". When discussing the three dharma seals he talks about misconceptions of suffering. He says that teachings where suffering is ...
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How could the Buddha know that he had attained enlightenment when he didn't know what it was?

Having learned and gained complete mastery from the two most famous teachers of his time, he decided to apply extreme austerities for some six years. With these skills acquired, driving a powerful ...
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Buddhism broke up my marriage

The title is provocative but sums up my problem: when I am immersed in Buddhist thought, I can no longer love my wife. Buddhism clearly contradicts romantic love. It tolerates it up to a certain ...
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5answers
563 views

Anicca, dukkha, Buddhism and depressive nihilism

(English is not my mother tongue, sorry in advance if I make mistakes) I am currently reading a philosophical book that I stumbled upon by chance, a unique work by a young (23yo) Italian of the early ...
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Domanassa & Dukkha in enlightened beings?

What is the difference between domanassa & dukkha? Does domanassa arise in enlightened beings? Does bodily dukkha arise in enlightened beings?
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How do you contemplate delight you get due to action that leads to detachment?

Let us follow the unbeaten track, the dukkha in right action. You see a man in need, you feel compassion, wishing him well you help him with his worldly need, then you feel delighted of your action....
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Happiness, rebirth, and the death of an arahant

I am new to Buddhism and have a question I am hoping someone can answer. My understanding is that realizing enlightenment is universally desirable. In other words, it is considered “better” to ...
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5answers
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Is there a kind of consulting service in Buddhism?

Similarly to psychotherapy counselling/consulting service, is there an equivalent form in Buddhism, in that the counselor is trained in Buddhism instead of clinical psychology? I haven't heard of such ...
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In Dependent Co-Arising, is Dukkha a Sankhara, a Vedana, both, or none?

How should I understand dukkha (in all its amplitude and semantic complexity), if I want to see it through the lens of Dependent Co-Arising? Where is it classified, apart from the final nidana? Is ...
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Do the specific historical past events play any role in the analysis of the conditions leading to suffering?

As far as I've studied the suttas (not very much, to be honest), it seems that whenever dukkha is analysed and reflected upon, it is mostly done in terms of the phenomena as they arise in the present. ...
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Is "impermanence" a bad translation of "anicca"?

This article explains Anicca, Dukkha, and Anatta -- and in this question I'd like to ask about Anicca. The article says that Anicca doesn't mean, or shouldn't be translated as, "impermanence"...
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Is Jhana considered dukkha and/or conditioned?

Is the experience of jhana considered dukkha because of its impermanence? If yes, is it still considered dukkha after attaining Nibbana? Is the experience of jhana conditioned? Is it still considered ...
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4answers
168 views

What is Aarya dukkha Sacca?

In buddhism what is aarya dukkha? And what’s the reason for it? Dukkha is one of four noble truth. And as I heard it’s because of the impermanence. Can in permanence be the cause for the Dukkha? Is ...
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What is the Reason for Noble Dukkha and How? [duplicate]

The direct answer to this question is attachment (upadana). To be more specific my question is how attachment become the cause for the Noble Dukkha? Eg: If I like a car, its an attachment. And how ...
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What does 'Ignorance' mean in Dependent Co-Arising?

A while ago I wrote a question here about the relation between dukkha and the sense of self (whether from identity view, from conceit or both). There, most answers said that, indeed, that sense of ...
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Are all forms of Dukkha related to a sense of self?

A few days ago I started reading books about Paticcasamuppada because I realized how little and shallow was my understanding on this capital matter. Despite getting the gist of it, I still have ...
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3answers
369 views

What's the relation between feelings of neither-pleasure-nor-pain and ignorance?

I often see in some suttas that there are some habitual tendencies that, after the arising of pleasent feeling or painful feelings, lead to suffering due to passion for the pleasure and aversion for ...
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Is smoking tobacco acceptable in any school of Buddhism?

Is smoking tobacco acceptable in any school of Buddhism? I think it shouldn't be considered acceptable: because of the fifth precept because of the first precept (smoking is physically harmful, so ...
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If all that is impermanent is unsatisfactory, then is all that is permanent satisfactory?

If all that has a beginning and an ending is impermanent and therefore unsatisfactory, then (with binary logic) that which has no beginning and no ending is permanent and satisfactory. Is this right ...
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4answers
164 views

What to do when it itching (according to suttas and your own experience)?

I know the question may seems a little trivial and superfluous, but rather than being interested in the itching itself, I'd like to know what to do when any kind of unpleasent feeling rises. I think ...
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Zen & Dukkha -- Is Everything Suffering?

Thich Nhat Hanh seems to deny a major teaching on dukkha/suffering common to both Theravada and Tibetan teachings -- the idea of all-perasive suffering ("the suffering of composite things",...
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164 views

What is the root condition for (each of the) unwholesome roots of greed, ill-will and delusion (raga, dosa, moha)?

Would it be helpful, wholesome, skillful and wise to investigate the root condition of (each of) the three poisons/unwholesome roots of greed, ill-will and delusion (raga, dosa, moha)? [Why these ...
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What did Siddhartha really meant by ending suffering

I constantly hear from buddhists that "happiness is inside of you" and that thinking you can get away from suffering by wanting to be somewhere else, or wanting to be with someone else or stuff like ...
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Dukkha Nana - deep knowledge of our own suffering

In which school of Buddism is dukkha nana a recognised term? Where is dukkha nana discussed in the Pali canon? The nearest I can find to dukkha nana is klesha-mara which maybe related in some way. ...
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Suffering due to non-self-related preconceived notions in Theravada

According to this answer: However, there is another type of suffering that cannot be fixed with anatta! This type of suffering comes from attachment to forms other than oneself, forms that have ...
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What enters the mind of an idle Buddha?

What enters the mind of a Buddha when left idle? Suppose a Buddha were confined to a hospital bed or prison cell. One cannot remain within the conditioned states of jhana indefinitely. If one is ...
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139 views

What do ethical conduct (sila) and compassion have to do with the cessation of dukkha?

As I understand the Third Noble Truth, the cessation of dukkha is brought about by ending craving. I can see how, for example, practicing renunciation, or seeing no self, assist us in achieving this, ...
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Difference between Samsara and Dukkha

What is the difference between the terms "samsara" and "dukkha"? What is the relationship between the two?
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How does the 2nd Noble truth explain the cause of suffering-as-suffering (e.g. resulting from a severe burn)?

I would like to ask question regarding the 4 Noble Truths. The second Noble Truth broadly speaking is that suffering is a result of craving, aversion and ignorance. I can see how this can been seen as ...
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How do Buddhists handle mental illness such as depression or bipolar disorder?

How is mental health dealt with by Bhuddists? Is it believed to be a tangible issue e.g. imbalances of chemicals in the brain? Or an issue of the spirit (not sure if spirit is the right word)? Is ...
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Common denominator between forms of happiness included in dukkha

What is the common denominator between the happiness derived from family life and the happiness derived from being a recluse?
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Are practical solutions to everyday suffering that contradict Buddhism Upaya or avidya?

If we are caught in the great web of desire and aversion, and are roiling in Samsara, helpful or well meaning advise (to let go, to be in the moment, to inspect the emptiness of reality, to not ...
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Why activity makes me material & full of desires?

I am in very dilemma- When I am inactive or lazy I meditate well, read good religious books etc. But whenever I come into action like studies or useful work I become very material & also get ...
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Where does Gautam Buddha say so?

I want details of following quote by Gautam Buddha. Can anyone tell where (reference) & what completely he said?
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542 views

Dukkha and happiness

Was reading the article linked to below about how happiness is merely the absence of dukkha in much the same way that darkness is the absence of light. That happiness is alway there. All we need to ...