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Questions tagged [abhidhamma]

Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.

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Vipassana on arupa worlds

S. N. Goenka in Why Vedana and What is Vedana? says: It is clear that vedana as a part of the nama that is firmly rooted in kaya is what the Buddha wanted us to focus on when he talked about ...
robermann's user avatar
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4 answers
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How do we sense the flow of time?

According to the Abhidhamma, at each given instant there is a consciousness that arises and ceases completely before the next consciousness arises. Each consciousness is only aware of the present ...
czamora's user avatar
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8 votes
9 answers
672 views

Scientific approach of Kamma

The concept of Kamma implies that information is stored in the mind (not the brain) and after the being is dead, this mind (or this data "storage") goes on and carries with it the current position of ...
konrad01's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
661 views

Consciousness in Nibbana

In the Abhidhamma, it makes mention to 89 and 121 states of consciousness. It says there are four ultimate realities namely Consciousness Mental Factors Matter Nibbana. The first three are ...
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5 answers
653 views

Conventional versus Ultimate

People sometimes qualify their statements, by adding the word, "conventionally" — and people distinguish between Conventional Truth (Sammuti Sacca) versus Ultimate Truth (Paramattha Sacca). ...
ChrisW's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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Nibbāna in The Progress of Insight

I was wondering if anyone could help to clearly explain the phenomenology of what happens in this passage from Mahasi's The Progress of Insight, specifically the bolded section: 12. Insight Leading ...
Adamokkha's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
6k views

What are Bhavanga and Javana?

Will someone explain Bhavanga and Javana in simple way? At times, they seem non-comprehensible.
NEERU's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
168 views

The Abhidamma Pitaka

Can anyone help me with finding The Abhidamma Pitaka or some of the 7 books from it? I seem not to be able to find anything when searching on google. Maybe im just not skilled enough to find books/...
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7 votes
4 answers
554 views

Sankharas, once eliminated. Do they have a chance of coming back?

When I talk of sankharas, I mean the pattern of the mind and the way in which the sanna recognizes an object. After prolonged Vipassana and remaining equanimous to the body sensations, Many of my ...
user3743672's user avatar
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6 votes
7 answers
670 views

How does buddhism describe what exactly, or where exactly, or how exactly, consciousness exists?

As a computer scientist interested in the origin of the universe and the mind, I finally have found some ancient stuff of the type of substance and depth I am looking for, the Abhidhamma. The first ...
Lance's user avatar
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6 votes
6 answers
471 views

Too much Dhamma in modern age

Ajahn Brahm’s quite interesting position on "too much Dharma" and studying Abhidharma might be conveyed in this citation: I think of our modern age is that too much Dhamma. So much Dhamma ...
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Why are "Fear and Shame" listed among the beautiful cetasikas?

I was wondering how the mental factors of Fear and Shame should be understood. Normally I would understand them both as being unwholesome but I guess in Abhidhamma-perspective they have a different ...
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6 votes
4 answers
241 views

Without an enduring quid between lifes, how to explain past life recalling?

How a being (be it a Buddha) can remember its past lives, if there is no "quid"/soul/self enduring for more time?
robermann's user avatar
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5 answers
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Differences of Ultimate Realities in different traditions

In Theravada Abhidhamma Pitaka there are four Ultimate Realities (paramattha dhammaa) mentioned, Citta Cetasika Rupa Nibbana Is there any variations in these realities in other traditions of ...
Nalaka526's user avatar
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3 answers
2k views

In a Buddhist perspective how do we recall memories of this life and beyond?

What is the Buddhist perspective on how we store and recall memories of this life and beyond? Since there is not solid core (Atman) as in the Hindu perspective which all such memories are stored and ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
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3 answers
2k views

Is there an English translation of the Abhidhamma?

I wonder if there is an English version of the Abhidhamma, in its entirety?
FullPeace.org's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
455 views

Could Lobha(craving) and Dosa(aversion) be working in tandem?

Is wishing for a pain to go away an instance of aversion(Dosa) or an instance of craving(Lobha)? Or both working in tandem? ex: leg pain while doing sitting meditation. Aversion is obvious, if the ...
Sankha Kulathantille's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
394 views

What does the Abhidhamma say about impermanence?

I understand the state of changing (impermanence) mentioned in Buddhism, but I have also heard that another more complex version (of the doctrine of impermanence) exists in the Abhidhamma. I would ...
Theravada's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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Why and how is Theravada and Mahayana Abhidha(r)(m)ma different?

I know this could potentially be a huge question: if abhidhamma/abhidharma differs in Theravada and Mahayana, how does is it differ and why?
vimutti's user avatar
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5 answers
200 views

Conceptual reality, mettā, ignorance

According to some commentaries/abhidhamma, all unwholesome states are rooted in ignorance; that ignorance is, according to Pa Auk Sayadaw, the ignorance that sees things as concepts, e.g., a man a ...
Adamokkha's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
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Teachings regarding Veneration/Respect (as one of the traditional 10 meritorious deeds)

Feel invited or maybe even inspired to share any teachings regarding "Apacāyana" (Respect or Veneration). It is one of the less taught, but very basic and fundamental, meritorious deeds. Teachings ...
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4 votes
4 answers
271 views

Is the determining thought moment (vottopana) based entirely off of past karma?

Is the way I choose to react to a situation based entirely off of past karma or is there something else that determines how I react to an external object? I am confused between my understanding that ...
user70's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
301 views

Is intention and purpose the same?

Given that there are 'intentions' (cetanā) which lead (if they're not neutral) to either wholesome fruits or unwholesome fruits -- then is the same also true for 'purpose' (sankappa), i.e.: Are there ...
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737 views

Citta Vithi in Abhidhamma

There is a chapter under citta vithi in Abhidhammattha Sangaha. In which of the seven books in Abhidhamma this concept appear?
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Questions about cetasikas

1) How are cetasikas expressed? Could they be expressed as how the mind is orientated, thus influencing how, when, and what cittas arise? 2) Do cetasikas therefore play any indirect role in the ...
islandmonkey's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
183 views

Resources to study the Abhidharma in the East/North Asian schools of Buddhism (e,g, Mahayana, Tibetan, Yogacara, Dharmaguptaka, etc.)

What are good resources and references (ideally online) to learn Abhidharma from East and North Asian (Mahayana, Tibetan, Yogacara, Asaṅga, Vasubandhu, Dharmaguptaka, etc.) schools of Buddhism. NB: I ...
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
86 views

What are good resources to study the Abhidhamma of Central/South Asia Schools (e.g. Sthaviravāda, Sarvāstivāda, Dharmaguptaka, Mūlasarvāstivāda, etc.)

What are good resources and references (ideally online) to learn Abhidhamma from school of Buddhism in Central/South Asia (Sthaviravāda, Theravada, Sarvāstivāda, Dharmaguptaka, Mūlasarvāstivāda, etc.)....
Suminda Sirinath S. Dharmasena's user avatar
3 votes
10 answers
520 views

Is it necessary to study Abhidhamma?

From a purely Theravada perspective, how much important is it to read and know Abhidhamma? Is the knowledge of Sutta Pitaka enough to realize nirvana?
The White Cloud's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
258 views

Does an Arahant accumulate kamma in his/her life?

Cetana (Intention) is a universal mental factor which can be seen in every consciousness even in Arahants'. Kamma is the intention in one's consciousness. I have thought about the below statements ...
Damith's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
373 views

Right time, Right time! But what is the right time to speak?

Failue, disappeared, they say: "Right time, right time. It wasn't the proper time!", but: What's the right time to ask? What's the right time to advise? What's the right time to speak? What's the ...
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3 votes
4 answers
337 views

Is rebirth a conventional truth within the Buddha's message?

There is a lot on this site (and elsewhere) on the validity of rebirth, whether it is necessary to understand the Buddha's message, or to reach enlightenment etc. My question is slightly different ...
Ilya Grushevskiy's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
150 views

Does Abhidhamma explain how Attention Shift happens

Every cita has an Object associated with it. when we meditate on breath then the object of attention is breath.. and after some time suddenly a past memory image pops up.. can one explain in terms of ...
enRaiser's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
133 views

Does our conventional body belong to the external sense bases?

There are six internal sense bases named eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind. There are six external sense bases named visible form, sound, odour, taste, and mental objects. I have two parts in my ...
Damith's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
67 views

Change and decay of one's own body. How fast is it?

We all know that we get sick and get old but i have heard that "Abhidhamma" talks about a faster version of decay and change.As i have heard there is a change that is happening every fraction of a ...
Theravada's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
144 views

Is lazyness a killer?

If so, in how far is it a killer, a quality that harms? How does it arises, when arising? How does it vanish? [Note that this isn't given/asked for trade, exchange, stakes or other layziness ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
559 views

single word for metta in English language

I have been struggling to find a single English word for "metta".Think I have failed. Once I read "what Buddha thought"by Walpola Rahula Thero mentioned as Universal Love which I don't agree as ...
danuka shewantha's user avatar
2 votes
4 answers
2k views

What is the difference between nama-rupa and the five skandhas?

As I understood it from the abhidharma, nama-rupa is just another way of looking at the five skandhas, a different scheme for the same thing, along with others (e.g. the dhatus). But, as far as I can ...
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2 votes
3 answers
441 views

The cognitive process: the stage of investigating consciousness

When practicing insight meditation and when observing mental formations arising then sometimes shortly after another mental formation arises caused by the first mental formation. An example could ...
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2 votes
3 answers
110 views

What's the (mental) quality different between aversive leaving (vi-bhava) and renouncing (nekkhamma)?

Whats the different between leaving, abounding, letting go, push away, say out of aversion, anger, and renouncing? Both seems to be combined with tanha (thirst), yet one is called ku-sala (bad-...
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2 votes
3 answers
113 views

How do we perceive pitch-dark?

According to Abhidhamma, following four conditions must be satisfied for the arising of eye-consciousness. Eye-door should be good Visible object must be present Light must be present Attention must ...
Damith's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
122 views

What is breath?

There is a lot of talk on breath, now what is breath? What's the meaning? Is it form? What of it? Is it an action? Is it a perception? A feeling? How should it be taken, if to be taken, so that it ...
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2 votes
2 answers
137 views

Abhidhamma on Chittas and Chetasikas of Bi-polar disorders, Autism, and many mental disorders

Here's what I'm given to understand: The Abhidhamma manual classifies all possible mental states of a human being into - various different kinds of Chittas and Chetasikas. Here's what I want to ...
lprsd's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
378 views

What is "Patigha", and how does it differ from "Dosa"?

I would like to know what is defined as "Patigha" (Skt. "Pratigha"), and how it varies from "Dosa" (Skt. "Dvesha"). Thank you.
Gaveshika 's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
134 views

Text request--Abhidhamma

I am looking for a legal, online version of the Abhidhamma in English. Can anyone point me towards some good online sources, especially for the major books of the Abhidhamma?
Adamokkha's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
117 views

Can we be sensously aware without consciousness?

I wondered (after this thread) what Buddhists have said about this question. Can anyone, monks, Buddhas, ordinary people, be aware of a sensation without consciousness of it? And moreover to link it ...
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2 votes
3 answers
59 views

Theravadian encyclopedia/ dictionary

Is there a reference text for the theravada tradition that contains a lists of concepts for quick reference? Such as a text that allows for reference of ideas found in the pali canon when reading, ...
jwe's user avatar
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2 votes
5 answers
575 views

How does one understand the elements of the Pure Octad in Sunlight?

According to Abhidhamma, the smallest unit of Rupa is called the Suddhashtaka(Pure Octad) which has the following 8 elements: patavi, apo, tejo, vayo, vanna, gandha, rasa, and oja Regarding Sunlight,...
Sankha Kulathantille's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
134 views

Can the dhatu elements be considered as permanent?

Can the dhatu elements (earth, water, wind and fire) be considered as permanent?
Guy Eugène Dubois's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
163 views

thoughts in heart

I have read from abhidhamma book saying that our thoughts generate inside heart and heart is invisible to naked eye and untouchable. this statement in abhidhamma can't be accepted with modern day ...
danuka shewantha's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
149 views

Latent tendencies, memories of this life and brain damage, dementia

This question is from the Theravada perspective only. How are memories of this life stored and recalled? Is it stored in the physical brain? There is the concept of latent tendencies (anusaya). ...
ruben2020's user avatar
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