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Questions tagged [abhidhamma]

Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.

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Mental Factor which Unites Others

If I think of the Noble Eightfold Path for example, or even the Abhidhamma traditions, I feel mental factors are clearly related, but noted as separate. In sum, my question mainly is: What ...
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Other types of consciousness (viññāṇa) in Theravada?

There are the six types of consciousness (viññāṇa) based on MN 38, namely those related to the six sense media: eye, ear, nose, tongue, touch or mind. In MN 49, there was a "consciousness without ...
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How is re-linking consciousness reconciled with MN 38?

In the essay "Buddhist Reflections on Death", V.F. Gunaratna wrote: The terminal thought goes through the same stages of progress as any other thought, with this differences that whereas the ...
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Where does the consciousness (cittas) originate inside the body?

I have heard that all consciousness arise in hadaya vatthu rupa (blood inside the heart) except the five doors perceiving consciousness (Cakku vinnana, Sota vinnana, Ghana vinnana, Jeevha vinnana, ...
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Do all words belong to conventional truth (Sammuti Sacca)?

"Sanketa vacanam saccam - loka sammuti karanam Paramattha vacanam saccam - dhammanam tathalakkhanam" According to the above quote, all the words (cenventional truth) made by living beings using any ...
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Latent tendencies, memories of this life and brain damage, dementia

This question is from the Theravada perspective only. How are memories of this life stored and recalled? Is it stored in the physical brain? There is the concept of latent tendencies (anusaya). ...
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the Abhidhammist people accepted all possible rebirths by logic in many sutta to avoid the risks to be suffered by those unwholesome feeling, right?

In Abhidhamma, there are 3 rebirths: khaṇa-paccuppanna (10 trillions per snapping), santati-paccuppanna (here&now), and addhāna-paccuppanna (reincarnation-rebirth) because there are 3 rebirths ...
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Does an Arahant accumulate kamma in his/her life?

Cetana (Intention) is a universal mental factor which can be seen in every consciousness even in Arahants'. Kamma is the intention in one's consciousness. I have thought about the below statements ...
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Is the abhidhammic view on mind an externalist or internalist one?

I'd like to try and categorize the abhidhammic view into either as an internalist or externalist or know if it's possible at all, knowing how the historical Buddha himself even refused to either ...
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Buddhist cannon database

s there an online database that either contains the Buddhist canon in either English or Chinese? I've had a difficult time tracking down first hand sources other than the usual suspects (Heart Sutra, ...
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Too much Dhamma in modern age

Ajahn Brahm’s quite interesting position on "too much Dharma" and studying Abhidharma might be conveyed in this citation: I think of our modern age is that too much Dhamma. So much Dhamma that ...
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Abhidhamma on Chittas and Chetasikas of Bi-polar disorders, Autism, and many mental disorders

Here's what I'm given to understand: The Abhidhamma manual classifies all possible mental states of a human being into - various different kinds of Chittas and Chetasikas. Here's what I want to ...
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What's the difference between remorse and shame of evil?

Remorse or regret (kukucca) is supposed to be unwholesome, while shame of evil (hiri) is wholesome. What is the difference between the two? Why is one wholesome, while the other isn't?
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What is “Patigha”, and how does it differ from “Dosa”?

I would like to know what is defined as "Patigha" (Skt. "Pratigha"), and how it varies from "Dosa" (Skt. "Dvesha"). Thank you.
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How do we guarantee the accuracy and validity of Buddhist scriptures?

In this site participators draw statements from "Buddhist scriptures" (Suttas), considering them pure and directly from Buddha's words. Some of these statements [seem] closer to fantasy, ...
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Chuthi Patisandhi chitta

The concept of chuthi patisandhi cittas- ie. generation of patisandhi citta conditioned by chuthi citta in a minute fraction of a second- is a very important concept mentioned in Abhidhammaththa ...
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single word for metta in English language

I have been struggling to find a single English word for "metta".Think I have failed. Once I read "what Buddha thought"by Walpola Rahula Thero mentioned as Universal Love which I don't agree as ...
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What are the 10 sammādiṭṭhis, ten right views?

Maybe a challenging questions for the scholars and literary Abhidhamma-fans, with much possibilities for great merits: What are the 10 sammādiṭṭhis, ten right views? Deatal explaining of each would ...
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thoughts in heart

I have read from abhidhamma book saying that our thoughts generate inside heart and heart is invisible to naked eye and untouchable. this statement in abhidhamma can't be accepted with modern day ...
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Citta Vithi in Abhidhamma

There is a chapter under citta vithi in Abhidhammattha Sangaha. In which of the seven books in Abhidhamma this concept appear?
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Is rebirth a conventional truth within the Buddha's message?

There is a lot on this site (and elsewhere) on the validity of rebirth, whether it is necessary to understand the Buddha's message, or to reach enlightenment etc. My question is slightly different ...
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Questions about cetasikas

1) How are cetasikas expressed? Could they be expressed as how the mind is orientated, thus influencing how, when, and what cittas arise? 2) Do cetasikas therefore play any indirect role in the ...
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What is the difference between nama-rupa and the five skandhas?

As I understood it from the abhidharma, nama-rupa is just another way of looking at the five skandhas, a different scheme for the same thing, along with others (e.g. the dhatus). But, as far as I can ...
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Is the determining thought moment (vottopana) based entirely off of past karma?

Is the way I choose to react to a situation based entirely off of past karma or is there something else that determines how I react to an external object? I am confused between my understanding that ...
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Conceptual reality, mettā, ignorance

According to some commentaries/abhidhamma, all unwholesome states are rooted in ignorance; that ignorance is, according to Pa Auk Sayadaw, the ignorance that sees things as concepts, e.g., a man a ...
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Is intention and purpose the same?

Given that there are 'intentions' (cetanā) which lead (if they're not neutral) to either wholesome fruits or unwholesome fruits -- then is the same also true for 'purpose' (sankappa), i.e.: Are there ...
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Teachings regarding Veneration/Respect (as one of the traditional 10 meritorious deeds)

Feel invited or maybe even inspired to share any teachings regarding "Apacāyana" (Respect or Veneration). It is one of the less taught, but very basic and fundamental, meritorious deeds. Teachings ...
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What are good resources to study the Abhidhamma of Central/South Asia Schools (e.g. Sthaviravāda, Sarvāstivāda, Dharmaguptaka, Mūlasarvāstivāda, etc.)

What are good resources and references (ideally online) to learn Abhidhamma from school of Buddhism in Central/South Asia (Sthaviravāda, Theravada, Sarvāstivāda, Dharmaguptaka, Mūlasarvāstivāda, etc.)....
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Resources to study the Abhidharma in the East/North Asian schools of Buddhism (e,g, Mahayana, Tibetan, Yogacara, Dharmaguptaka, etc.)

What are good resources and references (ideally online) to learn Abhidharma from East and North Asian (Mahayana, Tibetan, Yogacara, Asaṅga, Vasubandhu, Dharmaguptaka, etc.) schools of Buddhism. NB: I ...
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How to understand “Four great elements” in real life objects?

I have some understanding about the "Four great elements" But i have these questions... My chair is solid wood, So i understand the "Solidity element (Patavi)" but how do i understand the rest of ...
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Change and decay of one's own body. How fast is it?

We all know that we get sick and get old but i have heard that "Abhidhamma" talks about a faster version of decay and change.As i have heard there is a change that is happening every fraction of a ...
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What does the Abhidhamma say about impermanence?

I understand the state of changing (impermanence) mentioned in Buddhism, but I have also heard that another more complex version (of the doctrine of impermanence) exists in the Abhidhamma. I would ...
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How does one understand the elements of the Pure Octad in Sunlight?

According to Abhidhamma, the smallest unit of Rupa is called the Suddhashtaka(Pure Octad) which has the following 8 elements: patavi, apo, tejo, vayo, vanna, gandha, rasa, and oja Regarding Sunlight,...
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Text request--Abhidhamma

I am looking for a legal, online version of the Abhidhamma in English. Can anyone point me towards some good online sources, especially for the major books of the Abhidhamma?
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Conventional versus Ultimate

People sometimes qualify their statements, by adding the word, "conventionally" — and people distinguish between Conventional Truth (Sammuti Sacca) versus Ultimate Truth (Paramattha Sacca). ...
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Why are “Fear and Shame” listed among the beautiful cetasikas?

I was wondering how the mental factors of Fear and Shame should be understood. Normally I would understand them both as being unwholesome but I guess in Abhidhamma-perspective they have a different ...
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Consciousness in Nibbana

In the Abhidhamma, it makes mention to 89 and 121 states of consciousness. It says there are four ultimate realities namely Consciousness Mental Factors Matter Nibbana. The first three are ...
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Without an enduring quid between lifes, how to explain past life recalling?

How a being (be it a Buddha) can remember its past lives, if there is no "quid"/soul/self enduring for more time?
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Can we be sensously aware without consciousness?

I wondered (after this thread) what Buddhists have said about this question. Can anyone, monks, Buddhas, ordinary people, be aware of a sensation without consciousness of it? And moreover to link it ...
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The cognitive process: the stage of investigating consciousness

When practicing insight meditation and when observing mental formations arising then sometimes shortly after another mental formation arises caused by the first mental formation. An example could ...
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Scientific approach of Kamma

The concept of Kamma implies that information is stored in the mind (not the brain) and after the being is dead, this mind (or this data "storage") goes on and carries with it the current position of ...
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Vipassana on arupa worlds

S. N. Goenka in Why Vedana and What is Vedana? says: It is clear that vedana as a part of the nama that is firmly rooted in kaya is what the Buddha wanted us to focus on when he talked about ...
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Can the dhatu elements be considered as permanent?

Can the dhatu elements (earth, water, wind and fire) be considered as permanent?
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The Abhidamma Pitaka

Can anyone help me with finding The Abhidamma Pitaka or some of the 7 books from it? I seem not to be able to find anything when searching on google. Maybe im just not skilled enough to find books/...
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In a Buddhist perspective how do we recall memories of this life and beyond?

What is the Buddhist perspective on how we store and recall memories of this life and beyond? Since there is not solid core (Atman) as in the Hindu perspective which all such memories are stored and ...
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What are Bhavanga and Javana?

Will someone explain Bhavanga and Javana in simple way? At times, they seem non-comprehensible.
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Could Lobha(craving) and Dosa(aversion) be working in tandem?

Is wishing for a pain to go away an instance of aversion(Dosa) or an instance of craving(Lobha)? Or both working in tandem? ex: leg pain while doing sitting meditation. Aversion is obvious, if the ...
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Sankharas, once eliminated. Do they have a chance of coming back?

When I talk of sankharas, I mean the pattern of the mind and the way in which the sanna recognizes an object. After prolonged Vipassana and remaining equanimous to the body sensations, Many of my ...
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Is there an English translation of the Abhidhamma?

I wonder if there is an English version of the Abhidhamma, in its entirety?
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Differences of Ultimate Realities in different traditions

In Theravada Abhidhamma Pitaka there are four Ultimate Realities (paramattha dhammaa) mentioned, Citta Cetasika Rupa Nibbana Is there any variations in these realities in other traditions of ...