Questions tagged [abhidhamma]

Abhidharma (Sanskrit) or Abhidhamma (Pali) are ancient (3rd century BCE and later) Buddhist texts which contain detailed scholastic reworkings of doctrinal material appearing in the Buddhist sutras, according to schematic classifications. The Abhidhamma works do not contain systematic philosophical treatises, but summaries or abstract and systematic lists.

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What is mainly uncovered by Analyzing Causes? Anicca or Dukkha or Anatta?

The Abhidhamma Commentary says: Anicca-characteristic is hidden due to "Non-contemplation of the Rising and falling." Dukkha-characteristic is hidden due to "Shifting of the Postures.&...
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English Translations of Commentary

Where are the English Translations of Commentary? Have all of them translated in to English?
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Are "Concepts about Real" Concepts?

In Theravada, the Concepts are considered unreal ("person", "chariot" etc.). Then what about the "Concepts about Real" ("red", "perception")? Are they ...
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Why are Concepts not Impermanent?

Why are Concepts not Impermanent? I found the below explanation in another forum. Are they Permanent? or not both? Conventional reality (sammuti sacca/ pannatti) is just a concept and not real. Non-...
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Where is the most knowledgeable Abhidhamma Community?

Who are the most knowledgeable Abhidhamma masters today? Where are the active Abhidhamma communities? country lineage monastery institute teacher group website forum
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I think cetasikas are programmed submind?

So far I was under impression that cetasicas are elementary mental factor. but I did not pay attention to all 52 of them.Today when I show Samma ājiva is also a cetasika. It changed my view toward ...
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Is it necessary to study Abhidhamma?

From a purely Theravada perspective, how much important is it to read and know Abhidhamma? Is the knowledge of Sutta Pitaka enough to realize nirvana?
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Does Abhidhamma explain how Attention Shift happens

Every cita has an Object associated with it. when we meditate on breath then the object of attention is breath.. and after some time suddenly a past memory image pops up.. can one explain in terms of ...
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Why and how is Theravada and Mahayana Abhidha(r)(m)ma different?

I know this could potentially be a huge question: if abhidhamma/abhidharma differs in Theravada and Mahayana, how does is it differ and why?
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Theravadian encyclopedia/ dictionary

Is there a reference text for the theravada tradition that contains a lists of concepts for quick reference? Such as a text that allows for reference of ideas found in the pali canon when reading, ...
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Time, space: real, lasting, own-able?

or uncertain, subject of change, a burden and not own- or control-able, not worthy to fall for? Time to answer and give it up?
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Validating a position means attempting to discredit other positions?

When the Sublime Buddha discredited some wanderers' position by uprooting their stand, would it be correct to assume that such an act is made for their harm, the harm of many, even his own? What does ...
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Do all good and/or all pleasant intentions have pleasant outcomes for one/or another?

This was a question here: Do all good and/or all pleasant intentions have pleasant outcomes for one/or another? It may be good to investigate in frames of the Buddha-Dhamma. And could that be always ...
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Input and output mental phenomenas?

coming across such an distinction here: how, if, should such be understood in Dynamic context? Can deeds ever be an input phenomena?
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AN 8.30 Great thoughts, thoughts of great man, thing-able, (de-)touch-able for everyone? (thinking in first jhāna)

Coming from here, analysis of AN 8.30. Good, Anuruddha, very good. It’s good that you think these thoughts of a great person: Does good householder think that certain (all) people are capable to ...
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How do we perceive pitch-dark?

According to Abhidhamma, following four conditions must be satisfied for the arising of eye-consciousness. Eye-door should be good Visible object must be present Light must be present Attention must ...
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Why does Abhidhamma exclude becoming, birth & death from 'mutuality'?

The Abhidhamma says: 2.4. The Mutuality Tetrad PTS cs 246 With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process, also with a (volitional) process as condition there is ignorance, with a (...
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Abhidhamma: can dependent origination arise without any sense bases?

Abhidhammabhājanīya says: 2.1. Paccayacatukka 27.1Avijjāpaccayā saṅkhāro, saṅkhārapaccayā viññāṇaṁ, viññāṇapaccayā nāmaṁ, nāmapaccayā chaṭṭhāyatanaṁ, chaṭṭhāyatanapaccayā phasso, phassapaccayā vedanā,...
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Abhidhamma vs Sutta: Did the Buddha teach about the birth of things?

The Abhidhamma acknowledges the Suttas define 'birth' ('jati') as follows: The Section Derived from the Discourses 1.11. Definition of Birth PTS cs 235 Herein, what is ‘with continuation as ...
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Abhidhamma cross-referenced with Sutta: Can nama arise without rupa? Is nama four aggregates?

Abhidhamma appears to say nama can arise without rupa in dependent origination, as follows: PTS cs 243 With ignorance as condition there is a (volitional) process, with a (volitional) process as ...
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Abhidhamma: Is craving really the samudaya of suffering?

The Abhidhamma knowingly says the 2nd Noble Truth according to Sutta is: Tattha katamaṁ dukkhasamudayaṁ ariyasaccaṁ? Yāyaṁ taṇhā ponobhavikā nandirāgasahagatā tatratatrābhinandinī, seyyathidaṁ— ...
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Can Abhidhamma be reconciled with Sutta? Citta & vinnana

This question could comprise of many examples but here I will choose one and only four aspects of this one example. The Abhidhamma says: Rūpakkhandho anārammaṇo. 530.2Cattāro khandhā sārammaṇā. 530....
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How does buddhism describe what exactly, or where exactly, or how exactly, consciousness exists?

As a computer scientist interested in the origin of the universe and the mind, I finally have found some ancient stuff of the type of substance and depth I am looking for, the Abhidhamma. The first ...
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Does one usually "need" to earn a living, or does on usually "want" to earn a living?

...and why? Is the a case where one would neither need nor want? What's (or would be) a "trade" purified on one or both sides and it's quality, effect, if given into? That of one pulling one ...
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Nibbana: Not an Ultimate Reality or Ultimate Truth?

A certain Brahman (lay priest, as he uses this term) here told: Nibbana is simply what is experienced by the mind which is free from defilements and fetters. It is not an Ultimate Reality or Ultimate ...
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It's ok to grow, harvest and consume vegetables and fruits, because they are not sentient?

A teaching householder here adviced: "It's ok to grow, harvest and consume vegetables and fruits, because they are not sentient." ("ok" here was to be assumed of having no negative ...
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Personal relationships and properly ending them

Upasaka Karl mentioned in an answer: Relationships have a beginning. And because they have a beginning, they also have an end. Thoughtless endings, ghosting and worse, hurt both parties. It is sad to ...
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The meaning of silabbata-paramasa and freedom from this fetter?

Since often very curious ideas and means of excuses appear around the arguing with the means of "that's a fetter", my person thought it would be good if someone would have the skills and ...
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Is there any skillful use of using 'we' in addressing certain opinion?

As possible also observed, when teaching, the address of ones position by 'we' is hardly found in the teaching of the Buddha and his disciples. It seems that this often used way of using 'we' in ...
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Does our conventional body belong to the external sense bases?

There are six internal sense bases named eye, ear, nose, tongue, body, and mind. There are six external sense bases named visible form, sound, odour, taste, and mental objects. I have two parts in my ...
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Six types of temperaments and techniques for them

According to this Buddhist glossary (quoted below), there are six types of people i.e. people with six types of nature or temperaments. Apparently, it comes from the Visuddhimagga. There is some ...
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Was the Abhidhamma taught by the Buddha?

According to the Theravada tradition, the Abhidhamma was taught by the Buddha. From "The Abhidhamma in Practice" by N.K.G. Mendis: Theravaada tradition holds that the Buddha conceived the ...
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What's the role of mother-day in regard of a blessed life?

Being broad celebrated mothers-day today, my person thought to give this question space so that many might share reflections on it and pissible give others good inspirations: What role does a day ...
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Sudden enlightenment & knowledge of the Abhidhamma

In the Mahayana tradition, there is the notion of sudden enlightenment. I am not asking whether sudden enlightenment is possible or not. I would like to know if Mahayanists see acquisition of ...
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Are there any similar characteristics between Nama and Rupa?

We can define location, size, velocity for rupa. Can we define these for Nama ? Can we say "a moving mind", "mind is located inside the body", "after the death, mind leaves the body and step into a ...
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Is lazyness a killer?

If so, in how far is it a killer, a quality that harms? How does it arises, when arising? How does it vanish? [Note that this isn't given/asked for trade, exchange, stakes or other layziness ...
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Mental States Versus Physical Substrates

If I'm not mistaken, the Abhidhamma mainly explains the mind as mental factors. Modern psychology tends to see the mind as neuronal substrates. Buddhism's time didn't have the neuroscientific modern ...
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The Complex Abhidhamma

I have been having trouble analyzing the Abhidhamma. Can someone explain all or the main points of the Abhidhamma, but simply, just so I can understand it better as I continue my studies? Thanks!...
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Any praise of shred-paramis by the Sublime Budddha?

What does one know or think: Is there any praise of shred-parami (perfections in appearing modest) by the Sublime Buddha, such as in out-fit, outwardly appearing, using of such stuff, and if why? If ...
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Right time, Right time! But what is the right time to speak?

Failue, disappeared, they say: "Right time, right time. It wasn't the proper time!", but: What's the right time to ask? What's the right time to advise? What's the right time to speak? What's the ...
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What is the meaning of Dhammavicaya

What is the exact meaning of the second factor of Enlightenment 'Dhammavicaya'? Does it mean: enquiry of the Dhamma (buddhasasana)? Or is it the enquiry (= tilakkhana) of all dhammas i.c. all ...
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Is understanding a "bring-debt" or "gain-debt"?

Having read "...is an ethical duty to acquire knowledge in order to improve our understanding", my person thought to investigate the matter in frame of the Dhamma. Against this sentence stands the ...
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Is "doing according to one's best understanding" a protection from wrong-doing?

A common belief is that, if one conducts himself "as best he can" (in the best ways he understands and knows), then would be a protection from -- or an excuse for -- wrong-doing. For example, "I ...
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What contentment and modesty, what persistence and grasping, toward what, craving, craving holding on what leads to liberation?

What contentment and modesty, what persistence and grasping, toward what, craving, craving holding on what leads to liberation? Doing, acting, content toward what is skilful, toward what unskilful in ...
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What is breath?

There is a lot of talk on breath, now what is breath? What's the meaning? Is it form? What of it? Is it an action? Is it a perception? A feeling? How should it be taken, if to be taken, so that it ...
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In how far does involvement in certain undertaking effects one, good or bad?

In how far does one take part on skilfull or unskilfull undertaking? In how far does one receives the fruits of good or bad actions by means of getting involved by toughts, signs and deeds, by ...
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What does 'all the phenomena related to the senses are "not real"' mean?

Upasaka Angus asked on another place: What do you mean that all the phenomena related to the senses are "not real"? So what does a statement '"all the phenomena related to the senses are "not real ...
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What's the different between kusala (good) and akusala (bad)? [duplicate]

What's the different between ku-sala (good) and a-ku-sala (bad), in regard of what the Buddha taught? (ku - bad, sala - cutting away, a - not) What are good and bad actions by deeds, speech and mind,...
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Vanna-maccharia, stinginess in regard to one's reputations: What to practice in order to get rid of it?

Vaṇṇā-maccharia, stinginess in regard to one's honor, reputation, not't letting make others use it, envy to lose it, is one of the five kinds of maccharia, based on ingratitude, wrong view, and a ...
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What's the (mental) quality different between aversive leaving (vi-bhava) and renouncing (nekkhamma)?

Whats the different between leaving, abounding, letting go, push away, say out of aversion, anger, and renouncing? Both seems to be combined with tanha (thirst), yet one is called ku-sala (bad-...
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