The Buddha mentioned catuparisa (catu-parisa). What did he exactly meant with this word?

1 Answer 1


It's the fourfold assembly consisting of monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen.

  • Is it correct to say that 'catuparisa' is a synonym of the sangha? Jan 17, 2015 at 7:55
  • 1
    @Guy Well, AFAIK the meaning of pali word 'sangha' in general is group or assembly. But in Theravada specifically, only the ordained monks and nuns are considered as sangha. So I think it's not appropriate to call catuparisa as sangha.
    – dmsp
    Jan 17, 2015 at 15:40

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