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The Buddha mentioned catuparisa (catu-parisa). What did he exactly meant with this word?

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It's the fourfold assembly consisting of monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen.

  • Is it correct to say that 'catuparisa' is a synonym of the sangha? – Guy Eugène Dubois Jan 17 '15 at 7:55
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    @Guy Well, AFAIK the meaning of pali word 'sangha' in general is group or assembly. But in Theravada specifically, only the ordained monks and nuns are considered as sangha. So I think it's not appropriate to call catuparisa as sangha. – dmsp Jan 17 '15 at 15:40

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