There are a few questions I have about this Sutta (SN 42.12 Rasiya Sutta) based on the following passages:
They make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for praise.
They don’t make themselves happy and pleased. This is the second ground for criticism.
Is the Buddha advocating delighting in sensuality here? If so is that not in line with the majority of what he teaches?
They enjoy that wealth untied, uninfatuated, unattached, seeing the drawbacks, and understanding the escape. This is the fourth ground for praise. This pleasure seeker may be praised on these four grounds.
How does someone enjoy sensual pleasures and yet be unattached to them?
In this case, the third self-mortifier may be criticized on one ground, and praised on two. What is the one ground for criticism? They mortify and torment themselves. This is the one ground for criticism. What are the two grounds for praise? They achieve a skillful quality. This is the first ground for praise. They realize a superhuman distinction in knowledge and vision worthy of the noble ones. This is the second ground for praise. This self-mortifier may be criticized on this one ground, and praised on two.
How does self mortification lead to a superhuman state and if so why is it praiseworthy?