After quite some time of daily meditation, I feel less like having a real separate, permanent self (specific details see below, but it's a general question), which, in my opinion, could be regarded as a step on the path to enlightenment. However, it also matches the criteria of a depersonalization disorder as defined by psychiatry more or less.

I wonder whether that's an issue and how to approach it. As a distinguishing feature, one could think that it feels good and liberating in the case of enlightenment, but negatively speaking a source of suffering in the case of a disorder. As a non-enlightened being I don't always feel good, so it's not that clear, and I think there can be more serious doubt in moments or phases when one feels bad (e.g. due to unpleasant nyams in meditation). The feature of social functioning also doesn't seem clear to me, since one could argue, for example, that seeking solitude/retreat for meditation is a socially impaired behaviour, especially when I talk to people who are not familiar with Buddhism. I suppose talking about feelings of no-self sounds rather crazy – which isn't a problem in itself, but it might impair my ability to have a positive influence on their lives or in charitable organizations.

So I wonder:

  • How would you distinguish between the (partial) feeling of non-self as a step towards enlightenment and a depersonalization disorder (or a similar mental disorder)?
  • (How, in which cases) would you speak openly about non-self-experiences with others?

Some details about my personal experience if relevant: Instead of a permanent self, it feels more as if mental events rise and pass without being mine or controlled by "me“. I feel less like having permanent character traits. I don't feel very connected to my past or possible future - "my“ body feels like an arbitrary vessel of consciousness. In deep meditation I feel like an abstract, spacious awareness (which is peaceful, vivid and benevolent).

While I'm not completely free of mental afflictions, I think attachment, desire, aversion, fear, and so on, are significantly weaker than before I started meditation and then in many other people (up to a point that others don't understand some of my behaviour).

Meditation method: shamatha awareness of awareness according to Alan Wallace.

  • 1
    There's a similar question here which has answers that might appeal to you.
    – user17652
    Aug 2, 2021 at 4:44
  • the cessation of stress is not facilitated by any view of self- Mini B
    – user21513
    Aug 4, 2021 at 11:19

2 Answers 2


In depersonalization and derealization disorders one recognizes a self that one is not, and that one believes one should be. This creates stress and anxiety, along with distortions of one's perception of reality.

With anatta (no-self) one realizes that the egoic self is superficial, impermanent, and illusory, and loses one's attachment to it. This creates peace and openness, and a clear view of reality.

I imagine that as people struggle with the idea of anatta during their practice they might have moments of (non-clinical) depersonalization and derealization — moments where they reject the world or reject the self without releasing their attachments to these things — but anatta is ultimately the resolution of this problem.

We should be wary of what Kew Wilber called the Pre/Trans fallacy. People who are still in a 'conventional' mindset (the ego-identification mindset) often confuse pre-conventional and trans-conventional states: enlightenment can appear the same as infantilization; the experience of samadhi can be conflated with a drug-induced stupor; higher understanding cannot easily be distinguished from mental confusion... It's easy to get our heads turned around.

  • Love this answer and think your first sentence is profound.
    – user13375
    Aug 1, 2021 at 16:41
  • Thanks a lot for your answer! So if I don't think I should have a self and mainly feel peaceful in general it's probably not a disorder, but a step towards enlightenment? Even if there are also phases with less peace and well-being sometimes? "One recognizes a self that one is not" doesn't mean/ include remembering having had more of a self (which I do), right?
    – anyone
    Aug 1, 2021 at 17:24
  • @anyone Welcome to Buddhism SE. If you decide to accept this answer, please click on the tick symbol beside it.
    – ruben2020
    Aug 4, 2021 at 13:03

Very interesting question! From the link you provide:

  • Presence of persistent/recurrent episodes of depersonalization/derealization

From reading the definitions of depersonalization and derealization it does sound a lot like what you might expect from an experience of not self.

  • Ability to distinguish between reality and dissociation during an episode (i.e. patient is aware of a perceptual disturbance)

Hmm, this sounds suspect. It isn't at all clear what this should refer to? I suppose it means that someone can remember back to the past and appreciate the difference between that and this new experience of not self?

  • Symptoms are severe enough to interfere with social, occupational, or other areas of functioning

The crux of it. Other than seeking solitude for meditation and/or retreat have you experienced any other potential "impairments?" You mention that it seems hard to relate this experience with others. Do you feel a great need to do so? Is there some craving to share the experience with others? If so, what is the motivation for such a craving?

OP: How would you distinguish between the (partial) feeling of non-self as a step towards enlightenment and a depersonalization disorder (or a similar mental disorder)?

Personally, I would compare my own experiences and their effect on my life and attitude with the joyous behavior exhibited by my spiritual heroes. Have a look at this video clip and see the smile on Rinpoche's face. If you watch the whole movie (which I highly recommend) I'll bet you'll get an amazing sense of warmth and carefree childlike playfullness emanating from him. The simple prescription to figure out whether what you are experiencing is authentic is to compare with such people. HHDL is another great example of someone you could look at and compare with. Rinpoche and HHDL are two of my spiritual heroes. Of course, you should decide for yourself who your own spiritual heroes are and compare with them!

If you find that your experience is not conducive to generating in you the same traits you see in your own personal spiritual heroes, the best thing to do is to conclude that you've misunderstood or are having an artificial simulacrum of a true authentic experience. Laugh about it and move on and keep trying to make it authentic. You'll know you're making progress when you compare with your spiritual heroes and see some tiny inkling of a smidgeon of a resemblance :)

OP: (How, in which cases) would you speak openly about non-self-experiences with others?

If you are having the desire or craving to relate the experience, then I'd examine the motivation for wanting to do so. Where is it coming from? What would be the purpose of relating it? What good will come of it? Is it simply a desire to know whether you are on the right track? Is it the craving for praise or a pat on the back? The motivation matters of course and once you are clear on the motivation it might be the case that the answer comes to you :)

Who are your spiritual heroes? Can you identify a mind that you are trying to emulate? Can you see the behavior they exhibit and the traits they seem to possess? Finding someone who you really believe exhibits the traits you wish for is a good step towards answering some of these questions because then you can look and see if you're making progress by comparing. Are your experiences and understanding gained through Dharma practice leading you further towards the traits you are looking to possess or farther away?

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    Thanks a lot for your answer! I think my motivation is mainly altruistic (meaningful potentially beneficial conversations in specific situations) and there's probably a bit of attachment to people I'm close to. In general, I'd like to know if I'm mentally sane so I can trust my judgement and actions not to be wrong or harmful. You're right, comparing with spiritual heroes is a good idea. I think my experience points towards what they express, but since I'm far away from being like them and it's not a linear path of progress, but also has some rough moments /phases, it's not easy to know.
    – anyone
    Aug 1, 2021 at 17:15

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