Refer to the link below, the Buddha was poisoned in his last meal. Where can i find more information about this?

Why was Buddha poisoned?

The Buddha died after eating a meal often called “pig’s delight” (Skt. sukaramaddava, lit. “soft” or “mild pig”) offered to him by the metalworker, Cunda Kammāraputta, in his mango grove in Pava, between November and January, en route to Kapilavastu, the place of his birth. The nature of this meal is uncertain. It might have been pork (the Buddha was not vegetarian) or mushrooms

There are many version of the cause of death. Which one found to be truth and supporting facts?

  • I was also told by my Buddhist friend that he died because of eating pork. It seems pork was a poison then ... these days pork is a delicacy... or may be death as event is a coming together of various factors including beliefs of people who lived then... may be pork was an abomination for upper caste hindus.. Metal worker did not give him food in good spirits,... may be there was hatred. Commented Jan 29, 2021 at 13:59

1 Answer 1


This is documented in the Mahaparinibbana Sutta's story about the meal containing sukara-maddava served by Cunda to the Buddha, which is presumed to be the cause of dysentery experienced by the Buddha.

The Mahaparinibbana Sutta is sutta 16 of the Digha Nikaya of the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon, which is the sutta explaining the events leading to the Buddha's passing away and events that occurred after that.

The Pali Canon is the authoritative canonical scripture of Theravada Buddhism, and is an Early Buddhist Text. Please read this answer for details.

In this footnote, sukara-maddava is explained:

Sukara-maddava: a controversial term which has therefore been left untranslated. Sukara = pig; maddava = soft, tender, delicate. Hence two alternative renderings of the compound are possible: (1) the tender parts of a pig or boar; (2) what is enjoyed by pigs and boars. In the latter meaning, the term has been thought to refer to a mushroom or truffle, or a yam or tuber. K.E. Neumann, in the preface to his German translation of the Majjhima Nikaya, quotes from an Indian compendium of medicinal plants, the Rajanigantu, several plants beginning with sukara.

The commentary to our text gives three alternative explanations: (1) the flesh from a single first-born (wild) pig, neither too young nor too old, which had come to hand naturally, i.e., without intentional killing; (2) a preparation of soft boiled rice cooked with the five cow-products; (3) a kind of alchemistic elixir (rasayanavidhi). Dhammapala, in his commentary to Udana VIII.5, gives, in addition, young bamboo shoots trampled by pigs (sukarehi maddita-vamsakaliro).

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