The Avataṃsaka Sūtra describes a cosmos of infinite universes upon universes, mutually containing one another. I know this scripture is taught in Huayan, Chan, and Pure Land sects, but are there any other Buddhist sects that teach this?

The Avatamsaka Sutra and these sects teach that infinite universes are connected to a jeweled flower garland or net, and universes reflect each other.

  • Huayan = Pure Land, as answered here. Chan/Zen interprets this sutra as taught that the whole of existence permeating each of its parts.
    – Codosaur
    Feb 12, 2021 at 7:39

1 Answer 1


Theravada teacher 31 planes of existence. Then there are many other (millions) similar planes. https://www.accesstoinsight.org/ptf/dhamma/sagga/loka.html

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