I just learned of the Abhidharma. What was their original or early language they were written in, and do they exist online in copy/pastable (non-PDF or image) format anywhere for free? Is this of any use?

So far people have listed some Theravada Abhidhamma links. What about the other schools of Abhidharma? Sarvastivada is supposed to be the only other school that has preserved a complete set of Abhidhamma, also with 7 books like Theravada. What languages are the original Sarvasitvada Ab. available in? And are there English translations?

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    Do you want the Pali / Sanskrit version or the English translation?
    – ruben2020
    Dec 29, 2020 at 11:12
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    I am Abhidhammic entire life. I must say self reading Abhidhamma, either pali or translation, is leading the student to be confused and very misunderstood in Abhidhamma. I see many self reading people refer Abhidhamma content with many serious mistake pali grammas, references, relationships, reasons. They can make Sutta conflict with Abhidhama even the pali Abhidhammic scholars say "you are using wrong pali grammar, wrong words reference, missing some important translation, etc." So, I am very recommend to study with the Abhidhammic Tipitaka Memorizer directly, such as PaAuk Tawya.
    – Bonn
    Aug 11, 2021 at 20:18

3 Answers 3


You can find Theravada Abhidhamma, all Pali, only some translations, at Sutta Central:









This site is pretty good.

Check out: http://www.abhidhamma.com/Introduction%20to%20Dhammasangani.pdf

See also Anapanasati (Mindfulness of Breathing) Buddhadasa Bhikkhu Translated by Bhikkhu Nagasena https://www.urbandharma.org/pdf/anapanasati.pdf

  • This is using PDFs, I want copy/pastable text :)
    – Lance
    Dec 28, 2020 at 20:21

By the way, there are a few different versions e.g. the Theravada Abhidhamma, Sarvastivada Abhidharma, Dharmaguptaka Abhidharma etc.

Here I focus only on the most popular version, which is the Theravada Abhidhamma.

If you read the ATI page on Abhidhamma Pitaka, it says:

The Abhidhamma Pitaka has a well-deserved reputation for being dense and difficult reading. The best way to begin studying Abhidhamma is not to dive right into its two key books (Dhammasangani and Patthana), but to explore some of the more modern — and readable — commentarial texts.

The page continues to provide a list of commentarial texts, some including links.

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