The motivation behind these two questions, is I suspect the Buddha emphasized some meditation practices above others for some reason or other. Obviously everything the Buddha taught would have useful applications at some stage, for some reason. But some practices have been touted as being especially useful for a particular purpose, such as metta to counter ill will. Anapana breath meditation, was the practice the Buddha engaged in on his personal retreats, he seemed to favor that above all else.
The 7sb awakening factors, are the samadhi engine that takes in any Dharma (meditation practice) that sati-sambojjhanga (awakening factor) 'remembers' and feeds into the 7sb samadhi engine.
The 4sp satipatthana are defined as 'samadhi nimittas', equivalent to the Dharma that sati remembers and feeds into 7sb, and as such, would cover every meditation subject.
So what we're looking for, in these two questions, is whether the Buddha used certain key terms to designate a small number of meditation subjects as being exceptional, among so many meditation topics taught.
- how many meditations have the word 'sati' in there?
I'm aware of 3:
- Ānā-pāna-s-sati 16APS🌬️😤: in-breath (&) out-breath remembering,
- maraṇa-s-sati 💀🧟: death remembering
- kāya-gatā-sati 🏃: body-immersed-remembering
They all have 'sati' in there name. I'm not including anu-s-sati practices (such as Buddha anu sati, Dhamma... Sangha....). And not including sati-(u)patthana.
Am I missing any? I think those are the only 3.
- what are all the practices that are touted to be of "great fruit, great benefit" (maha-p-phalā, mahā-nisaṃsā)? The 3 sati practices above are. the 4ip iddhi pada are. What else? I believe there are more.