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The sutta quoted below has a riddle about the six.

What are the six? And why?

What is the message of the sutta?

SN 1.70 translated by Bhikkhu Bodhi:

“In what has the world arisen?
In what does it form intimacy?
By clinging to what is the world
Harassed in regard to what?”

“In six has the world arisen;
In six it forms intimacy;
By clinging to six the world
Is harassed in regard to six.”

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Cha Chakka Sutta is another Sutta which has a play of the number 6. Here more elaboration is given on what each set of 6 is.

Cha Chakka Sutta

Source: Cha Chakka Sutta

The Singhala translation is less of a riddle than the English. English retranslation is mine:

(අධ්‍යාත්මික ආයතන) සය උපන් කල්හි ලොව උපන්නේ නම් වේ.

When the 6 sense bases arises the world arises

(රූපාදී බාහිර ආයතන) සයෙහි සඞගමය කෙරෙයි.

By non-reaction to the external sense objects, the world is stilled

(අධ්‍යාත්මික ආයතන) සයම ප්‍රත්‍යය කොට ගෙන

By means of the 6 sense bases

(බාහිර ආයතන) සයෙහි ලෝ වැසි තෙම පෙළෙයි (වෙහෙසෙයි)

The 6 external sense objects trouble the worldlings

ලොක ( හෙවත් ජස්සුලොක ) සූත්‍රය

අධ්‍යාත්මික ආයතන - world - internal senses - eye, ear, ....

බාහිර ආයතන - external sense objects

So what is covered here is the 1st 2 items in the list of items in Cha Chakka Sutta:

  • the 6 internal senses
  • the 6 external senses
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In what has the world arisen? Kismiṃ loko samuppanno?

And what, bhikkhus, is the origin of the world (lokassa samudayo)?

  1. In dependence on the eye and forms, eye-consciousness arises. The meeting of the three is contact. With contact as condition, feeling comes to be; with feeling as condition, craving; with craving as condition, clinging; with clinging as condition, existence; with existence as condition, birth; with birth as condition, aging-and-death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, displeasure, and despair come to be. This, bhikkhus, is the origin of the world.

  2. In dependence on the ear and sounds

  3. In dependence on the nose and odours
  4. In dependence on the tongue and tastes
  5. In dependence on the body and tactile objects
  6. In dependence on the mind and mental phenomena, mind-consciousness arises. The meeting of the three is contact. With contact as condition, feeling comes to be; with feeling as condition, craving; with craving as condition, clinging … existence … birth; with birth as condition, aging-and-death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, displeasure, and despair come to be. This, bhikkhus, is the origin of the world.

    SN 12.44

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