I'm not even perfectly sure about your Christian tenets; for example,
- So far as I know, it's only opinion (it's not canonical) that those are the minimal tenets
- There's even perhaps a dispute about one of your tenets: a dispute between mainstream Christian churches (Catholic and Protestant) about whether "accepting Jesus" is the way to life (the Catholic church teaches that faith is not sufficient)
There are several (many) Schools of Buddhism.
Here is one article, titled Two Main Schools of Buddhism, which claims that,
The areas of agreement between the two schools are as follows:
- Both accept Sakyamuni Buddha as the Teacher.
- The Four Noble Truths are exactly the same in both schools.
- The Eightfold Path is exactly the same in both schools.
- The Pattica-Samuppada or teaching on Dependent Origination is the same in both schools.
- Both reject the idea of a supreme being who created and governed this world.
- Both accept Anicca, Dukkha, Anatta and Sila, Samadhi, Panna without any difference.
All of these are words which you can easily look up; for example, Four Noble Truths, Anicca, etc.
IMHO the central, first, or 'minimal' part of the Christian Bible is the Gospels, which describe the life and words of Jesus.
Similarly, IMHO the central part of the Buddhist scriptures are the parts which describe the life and words of the Buddha.
The most central part of the Buddha's doctrine is perhaps what/everything he taught in his first sermon after he became enlightened, which is called "The Setting in Motion of the Wheel of Dharma", a.k.a. "The Sermon at Benares".
You might have noticed that Buddhists like numbered lists: four noble truths, eightfold path, etc. Another is the "triple jewel", i.e. "the Buddha (himself), the Dharma (his teaching), and the Sangha (his 'church')".
The "four noble truths" are, approximately:
- Suffering exists (gives various example including poverty, disease, old age, death)
- Suffering is caused by desire/attachment/craving (to have what you don't have, or to keep what you can't keep)
- There's a way which leads to the end of suffering
- That way is the eightfold path, which is: Right views; right aspirations; right speech; right behavior; right livelihood; right effort; right thoughts; and right contemplation.
Note that what I listed above is tenets of doctrine (i.e. words or beliefs); but (at least one school of) Buddhism is or requires more than only doctrine or faith: it requires or consists of "right effort", "right behaviour", etc. (as listed above and as described/defined/analysed in considerable detail).