What's the different between ku-sala (good) and a-ku-sala (bad), in regard of what the Buddha taught?

(ku - bad, sala - cutting away, a - not)

What are good and bad actions by deeds, speech and mind, and what qualities defines them as such?

Here he grieves he grieves hereafter. In both worlds the wrong-doer grieves. He grieves, he's afflicted, seeing the corruption of his deeds.

Here he rejoices he rejoices hereafter. In both worlds the merit-maker rejoices. He rejoices, is jubilant, seeing the purity of his deeds. Yamakavagga

So good to now really good of how to distinguish and alltime worthy to ask, remember and tell for many's benefit, and the own.

(Note that this is not asked/given for trade, exchange, stacks or entertainment but as a means to escape this wheel here)

  • This may be a duplicate of (or related to) What determines whether actions are good or bad?
    – Andriy Volkov
    Jun 13, 2019 at 23:58
  • It isn't and to delete things going against your grain does not change that but simply increases the akusala actions of your further.
    – user11235
    Jun 16, 2019 at 2:52
  • The individual question> "What determines whether actions are good or bad?", really doesn't fit the question here. It would be good is that would be answered separate here
    – user11235
    Jun 21, 2019 at 9:22

1 Answer 1


The explanation for Kusala can be found in MN-3 -> Maha Chattarika Sutta ( I can't find this in english translation site, but this is in Sinhala / Pali Thripitaka ), So if I explain it how I understood by reading it,

It's about noble eightfold path, and in each it's describe two things one is lokottara (= focusing on Nivana) path the other one is laukika (= focusing on good things in this world: eg -> samma kammanta = to do a decent job, not kill animals and sell).

And the opposite of this is Akusala which doing opposite things not knowing what the right view, resolve, speech, etc..

About lokottara path that person should have a correct view what is the problem with the world, why we are attached to things, and why we should not attached, what's the danger in that so on.

Hope my description led some lights and I should accept that I'm not a good translator.

Update: Found more information on this. It's in Vibhangaprakaranaya-1, paticcasamuppada vibhangaya There you can notice what is kusala dharmayo, the explanation is given the paticcasamuppada cycle but it starts with sankara not with avijja that means when a thought is processed without avijja it causes to Nivana as it is a kusala

  • 1
    English copies of MN 117 are here and here.
    – ChrisW
    Jun 14, 2019 at 15:57