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All living beings (animals + humans) like something, and they don't like some another things? What is the reason for liking and disliking. Eg: Imagine there are two best friends let's call friend A and friend B. Friend A likes a lady call X (very pretty lady) meanwhile friend B doesn't like lady X. What's the reason according to the buddhism.

To narrow down the question the point is though lady X is very pretty for friend A but not for friend B. Why is it?

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Upasaka Isuru Gunawardana,

Touched by an pleasing object on the senses, and unwise thinking (avijjā, or improper attention) is the cause that greed arises.

Touched by an unpleasing object on the senses, and unwise thinking (avijjā, or improper attention) is the cause that aversion arises.

In short avijjā-phassa is the cause of domanassa, somanassa and indifferent mindstates, feelings. Good to keep in mind that the third is actually often miss-discriminated as real equanimity, beyond householder-equanimity.

(Note that this is not given for trade, exchange, stacks or entertainment but for release from this bonds in the world)

  • With Metta, Rev. @Samana, I accept Avijja is the cause. But thats too generic, isn't it? when it says improper attention, what do we need to do / understand to get the proper attention. How to become Vijja (opposite of Avijja). – Isuru Jun 7 at 12:15
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    Those are good questions, Upasaka @IsuruGunawardana , surely good to raise in addition. What does he think? Proper attention would not be possible, not enough to see through, if stream has not reached yet. – Samana Johann Jun 7 at 12:18
  • Rev. @Samana, I add a separate question on that. I'm from Sri Lanka, and we have pure pali thripitaka written in Pali language using Sinhala letters. And most of the links here the community referred (english web site) does not contains most of the suttas. Therefore I can't give reference. But I'll add my thoughts as an answer to the same question which i'll be raising soon. – Isuru Jun 7 at 12:22
  • "How to become Vijja", gain right view: it requires hearing of the good Dhamma and proper attention, Upasaka Isuru. – Samana Johann Jun 7 at 12:23
  • Proplems with Pali-words are therefore because languages are mostly different romanized that Pali. Once knowing which character is which, don't follow internat. lang. standards, it's easier, Nyom. – Samana Johann Jun 7 at 12:26
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Buddhism teaches about the five aggregates. One of the aggregates is feeling (vedana). Another aggregate is mental formations (sankhara). Due to a pleasant or unpleasant feeling sensations (vedana), the mental formations create the ideas or thoughts "I like it" & "I dislike it". Mental formations also brew up defilements (kilesa), such as love & hatred.

These aggregates exist as phenomena in nature. It is pointless ask the question: "Why do they exist?" They simply exist. Even Buddhas have pleasant & unpleasant vedana, which are mental impression sensation from consciousness. consciousness (vinanna) is another of the five aggregates.

The Buddha said the five aggregates are to be "comprehended" (rather than speculated about).

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If you look the chain of events that lead to one another in the Dependent Origination, you may conclude that just after 'contact' (the encounter between the senses, sense stimuli, and consciousness) we can experience by ourselves the mentioned processes in action.

Feelings are the result of contact, and there are three general kinds (applied to each of the six senses): pleasant, unpleasant and not-pleasant-nor-unpleasant.

When ignorance fetters the mind, we don't understand that pleasant feelings are not so much a quality of the objects, but a modality and process of the mind dependent on the object. We think that only the desirable objects can give us pleasure and well-being, and so, we like those kinds of object which use to give rise to pleasant feelings. The ignorant mind doesn't see feelings as feelings, but sees the object as desirable and a source of pleasure to be acquired.

But sometimes we see for ourselves that pleasure is not always present when the objects considered desirable are present as well: Have you eaten so much of something you like that you get to a point where the mere thought of that food makes you want to puke? Why did the object suddenly lost its "pleasant status"?

We say "we like X thing" when we attach ourselves to the pleasant feeling X make us feel. And the more X give rise to that feeling, the more we confirm to ourselve that we like that X thing. The idea of liking gets even more consolidated (and feels more real and tangible) especially when we define ourselves as "the one who likes that X thing". Think in how many people define themselves as "gamers", or "movie geeks", or "drug addicts", "believers", or "christians"... Their identity (the idea of what their "self" is) gets defined by their likes and dislikes, which are defined by our attachment to past feelings.

EDIT: I didn't read the last part of the question.

To know why the same object feels different for two persons, I think it would be useful to ask to ourselves if we feel the same feelings over time. Do the things you liked and disliked during your childhood keep the same to the present day? Do you like and dislike the same things, now and then? If not, what makes the those feelings change over time?

Feelings and perception of what is being felt go conjoined. If perception is altered, so is feeling.

Perception is the faculty that allows us to know what an object/phenomenon is and what qualities belong to such object/phenomenon.

Views are our internalized ideas and assumptions about our experience of reality, about how reality is constitued, about how the components of reality interact with each other, and how we fit in all of that conceptual framework. Most of times, we are not aware of our views, but they are the assumption which create expectations about consequences of our possible actions; views lead our behavior, whether we aware of them or not.

Perception can be altered if our views are modified; and views can be modified by thoughts. In time, reflection can be modified or "tuned" with precise data through personal investigation and reflection, or by some external source (a book, a teacher, our parents, our culture, our friends, etc.)

Most people have different views about the world and reality, and thus, their perception of sense data varies from one person to another, or from the "same person" in a moment X compared to a moment Y.

Also, and not less important, our senses are part of the form aggregate. If our senses are structuraly different, then it is possible that feelings may differ as well.

Kind regards!

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The skandhas and samskaras are the result of a complex interplay of our biology and experiences (besides the notion of rebirth). As such, we are shaped into a variety of preferences, moral or taste. It’s a result of our history.

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