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If there is no self, no "mind" or "I" that can be found, then what does Buddhism call that faculty which exercises personal responsibility?

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    There is mind. Mind is not the same as self or I. – Dhammadhatu Mar 25 '18 at 2:35
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There is such a thing as a self, but it is not independent and standalone.

Please see this answer for details.

The Buddha used the analogy of a lute. There is such a thing as music, but if you break down the lute into its constituent components, you will not be able to find music. Music only arises out of the inter-working of the different parts of the lute, when it is assembled, constructed and tuned correctly.

There is music, but it does not exist standalone or independently of other things. The self similarly arises virtually from the interplay of other phenomena. To say that the music or the self do not exist at all, is incorrect. "Sabbe dhamma anatta" means in all phenomena, there is no self, just as in all constituent parts of the lute, you cannot find something called music.

And there is also the mind.

"Sabbe sankhara anicca" means all conditioned things are not permanent. The mind and the self are not permanent. They are always changing, ceasing and arising, dependent on other things. Anicca does not mean that they do not exist.

  • I think I am starting to see. Even that faculty which exercises personal responsibility is itself conditioned, impermanent, changing and dependent on other things, and so "Whatever is not yours, abandon it". We do not identify with it as self, since to do so would be a form of "craving for becoming". – avatar Korra Mar 26 '18 at 1:52

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