2

“The religion of the future will be a cosmic religion. It should transcend personal God and avoid dogma and theology. Covering both the natural and the spiritual, it should be based on a religious sense arising from the experience of all things natural and spiritual as a meaningful unity. Buddhism answers this description. If there is any religion that could cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism.” – Albert Einstein.

As per above quotes it give us some clues that Albert Einstein the greatest scientist of the century immensely influenced by Buddhism. When we study the theory of relativity seems to get root from Buddhism with the descriptions of time flow in six realms. Do anyone have descriptions "Theory of relativity" and are there any relationship with Buddhist teaching?

  • 1
    This appears to be a false quote (i.e. Einstein never said that), according to what's written here and here and here. – ChrisW Jan 9 '18 at 9:42
  • This might be going in the direction of quantum woo. Buddhism never needed science, and its purpose is not to explain everything. – avatar Korra Jan 26 '18 at 6:07
  • "Whether the universe is eternal or not, etc., (those 10 opinions) I have not explained. Why, Māluṅkyaputta, have I not explained them? Because it is not useful, it is not fundamentally connected with the spiritual holy life, is not conducive to aversion, detachment, cessation, tranquillity, deep penetration, full realization, Nirvāṇa. That is why I have not told you about them." What the Buddha Taught – avatar Korra Jan 26 '18 at 6:08
1

Do anyone have descriptions "Theory of relativity" and are there any relationship with Buddhist teaching?

Asking "what is the theory of relativity?" isn't on-topic on this site (which is about Buddhism and not, say, Physics). Someone could try to draw analogies between Relativity and Buddhism; and they may have some characteristics in common (e.g. they're both dharmas, both anatta); but IMO there's little or no relationship (except that someone can try to learn both and then try to relate them).

One possible relationship is the idea that a frame of reference isn't privileged -- i.e. things exist in relationship to other things (which reminds me of "Indra's net", and of "this/that conditionality").

When we study the theory of relativity seems to get root from Buddhism with the descriptions of time flow in six realms.

There is a phenomenon called relativistic time dilation: if I were one of those twins, it would seem to me that I age at whatever the normal rate is but my twin ages at a different rate.

I'm not sure that (i.e. I doubt that) is the same kind of "different time flows" that you might read about in Buddhism.

There's an idiom in English "time flies when you're having fun" (see e.g. this article). Possibly the "time flow" described in Buddhism is more like that, i.e. it's a description of subjective time flow.

  • This is what I am thinking. Time is phenomena perceive by mind. Time run fast when you are happy and slow when suffer. – danuka shewantha Jan 9 '18 at 13:56
  • Perhaps it's also pedagogical i.e. skillful teaching: "Heaven is extra-good because it's super-long; and hell is extra-bad because it's infernally long; in contrast, human life is relatively short so don't waste this brief opportunity." – ChrisW Jan 9 '18 at 14:05
1

Because Buddhism does not have any notion of an objective, absolute construct (such as the Absolute Space, Time, Property or Object within Newtonian mechanics), and because Buddhism doesn't jump to a complete nihilism given this absence of Self, all that is left is relativity. Dependent arising is principally that principle of relativity. Paper describing the parallels between Buddhist philosophy (Nagarjuna's) and Rovelli's relational QM.

(Einstein's two relativities got rid of Absolute Time and Absolute Space relative to Newtonian mechanics btw, but he was still very certainly convinced that beyond the 'veil' of QM, there were fully deterministic, Absolute Objects and their Properties, "God does not play dice")

0

There are uncountable relativity appear in the last cannon of tipitaka, paṭṭhāna-abhidhamma.

So, the theory of relativity appeared in a little part of abhidhamma, such as utujarūpa of rūpa section:

In physic:

e = m x c2

Can convert to abhidhamma as:

utu = pathavī x utujarūpa arising rate2.

Note:

utu = thermal energy (in abhidhamma where is thermal energy, there are the other energies, such as pathavī, āpo, tejo, vāyo, vaṇṇa, sadda, ganda, rasa, and ojā, too. But some of them may be not appear to senual organs).

pathavī = mass.

utu-ja-rūpa = new arising form that is caused by thermal energy of the other form.

utujarūpa arising rate = rate of arising and vanishing of each utu-ja-rūpa.

In abhidhamma, mind arising is fastest (more than a trillion times per finger stroke), the form is slower 17 times (17 mind arose = 1 form vanished).

Also, in the path of purification, CHAPTER XX — PURIFICATION BY KNOWLEDGE & VISION OF WHAT IS AND WHAT IS NOT THE PATH 4. Comprehension of the material page 22, wrote:

There are 4-5 inherited generations of kamma-paccaya-āhāra-samuṭṭhāna, kamma-paccaya-utu-samuṭṭhāna.

There are 2-3 inherited generations of citta-paccaya-āhāra-samuṭṭhāna, citta-paccaya-utu-samuṭṭhāna.

There are 12 inherited generations of āhāra-paccaya-āhāra-samuṭṭhāna (however, depending on the quality of āhāra).

There are uncountable inherited generations of utu-paccaya-utu-samuṭṭhāna (depending on utuniyāma+bījaniyāma).

There are 12 inherited generations of utu-paccaya-āhāra-samuṭṭhāna.

The bold quote above is used in nuclear reaction.


However, theravāda buddhism trying to solve, avoid, and get out of every problem (suffering), so buddha and commentary did not explain too much about the form, because it is just 1 of 5 aggregates, 1 of 3 bhava. Therefore buddha and commentary have to spend the explaining time to the other parts of problem (suffering), too. But science, which formed from Capitalism culture, spending too much time with just form part (5 kāmaguṇa), which can sensed at the sensual organs (5 āyatana) by 5 sensual viññāṇa. Because the people in capitalism can't clearly comprehension the whole problem system (suffering in paṭiccasamuppāda cycle).

So buddha taught in Siṃsapāvana Sutta:

"What do you think, monks: Which are more numerous, the few simsapa leaves in my hand or those overhead in the simsapa forest?"

"The leaves in the hand of the Blessed One are few in number, lord. Those overhead in the simsapa forest are more numerous."

"In the same way, monks, those things that I have known with direct knowledge but have not taught are far more numerous [than what I have taught]. And why haven't I taught them? Because they are not connected with the goal, do not relate to the rudiments of the holy life, and do not lead to disenchantment, to dispassion, to cessation, to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, to Unbinding. That is why I have not taught them.

"And what have I taught? 'This is stress... This is the origination of stress... This is the cessation of stress... This is the path of practice leading to the cessation of stress': This is what I have taught. And why have I taught these things? Because they are connected with the goal, relate to the rudiments of the holy life, and lead to disenchantment, to dispassion, to cessation, to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, to Unbinding. This is why I have taught them.

"Therefore your duty is the contemplation, 'This is stress... This is the origination of stress... This is the cessation of stress.' Your duty is the contemplation, 'This is the path of practice leading to the cessation of stress.'"

0

To be honest I doubt Albert Einstein was actually very much influenced by Buddhism. Einstein was basically a scientist and an atheist almost whole his life.

His primary religion was science - the science which can make us understand the physical universe but tells us nothing about God or spiritual matters. So his advocating Buddhism as "the religion of the future" would have been mostly for practical and, indeed, opportunistic ends.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.