Can anyone please explain the meaning of the word Dhamma in the sentence "Sabbe Dhamma Anatta"? Since Anatta is Truth; Am I an instance of Dhamma?
"Dhamma" is a complicated word, or a simple word that's used in many different contexts.
I'd summarise it to myself as "described thing" or "anything you can identify".
In the phrase "Sabbe Dhamma Anatta", I think it's used in contrast to the other two of the three characteristics, i.e.:
The three marks are:
- sabbe saṅkhārā aniccā — "all saṅkhāras (conditioned things) are impermanent"
- sabbe saṅkhārā dukkhā — "all saṅkhāras are unsatisfactory"
- sabbe dhammā anattā — "all dharmas (conditioned or unconditioned things) are not self"
- saṅkhārās are aniccā and dukkhā
- saṅkhārās are anattā too
- nibanna isn't a saṅkhārā but it too is anattā
So instead of saying "saṅkhārās and nibanna are anattā", summarize that as "all dhammās are anattā" (where "all dhammās" is meant to include all saṅkhārās and nibanna too).
(In reply to the two comments below)
- Dhamma -- a teaching or a reality
- Sankhara -- a compound thing or a conditioned thing
- Anicca -- impermanent
- Dukkha -- unsatisfactory
- Anatta -- non-self or not-soul or without I/me/my
- Sabbe -- all
- All sankharas are anicca, dukkha, and anatta
- Nibanna is not annica and not dukkha but is anatta
- Nibanna is not a sankhara but is a dhamma
- So all dhammas (including sankharas and nibanna) are anatta
Here (for example) is a reference to Nibanna being a Dhamma:
The Buddha refers to Nibbana as a 'dhamma'. For example, he says "of all dhammas, conditioned or unconditioned, the most excellent dhamma, the supreme dhamma is, Nibbana". 'Dhamma' signifies actual realities, the existing realities as opposed to conceptual things. Dhammas are of two types, conditioned and unconditioned. A conditioned dhamma is an actuality which has come into being through causes or conditions, something which arises through the workings of various conditions. The conditioned dhammas are the five aggregates: material form, feeling, perception, mental formations and consciousness. The conditioned dhammas, do not remain static. They go through a ceaseless process of becoming. They arise, undergo transformation and fall away due to its conditionality.
If simplified Dhamma as teaching of Buddha. It's also interpreted as behavior or process of nature. E.g when you consider three characteristics(anatta,dukkha,anicca); those are exists in nature and can be observed with our wisdom. Simply Dhamma is how nature is operated or functioned with its fundamental laws and constants.
Basically "Sabbe Dhamma Anatta" means everything is Transitory. Everything will be destroyed eventually. Nothing is permanent.
Sabbe - every
Dhamma (this is complex and complicated word which has deeper meaning in buddhism) - In this instance Dhamma means things.
Anatta - Without form, without ownership, no bond, without soul, There is no such thing as me, my or mine.
By this sentence, it explains that bonds we create is the base for the sufferings. Nothing is permanent. So our bonds to certain things,people will become the causality for the suffering we hold.