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What are the similarities between modern physics/quantum physics and Buddism? Although i know little about this, like Budha said that conciousness creates everything, emptyness and dependent origination kind of things. What are other things that matches with what modern science is saying?

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As far as I know quantum physics does not teach four noble truths, dependent origination and consciousness. So there are no similarities.However quantum physics can be used as examples to explain Buddha's teaching.

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The Buddha, in aiming to comprehend suffering, from a psychological point of view, sought to understand experience as it actually is. The scientific method, aims to limit itself to the understanding of experience as it actually is, whilst not focusing solely on the psychological. Whilst the Buddha approached experience (mostly) from a generally more internal frame of reference, the scientific method approaches experience through examining the external frame of reference.

If the concept of 'Truth is one, the wise know it by different names' is accepted (one truth, rather than duality etc), then, subject to the validity of the Buddha's insight, the scientific method (an examination of experience, as it actually is), should agree.

Here the issue becomes the question of - which of the two methods has the more accurate insight? The Buddha taught anicca and anatta. The scientific method, has shown itself susceptible to anatta (anicca follows naturally from anatta) through the relativisation of physical concepts, as theories that embrace relativism tend to explain perceived experience better (statistically, mathematically), than ones with essential, absolutely and externally fixed constants.

Interpretations of quantum mechanics, gives many options for how to interpret experience as it is.

Relational quantum mechanics agrees with the Buddha's insight into anatta.

Relational EPR is a scholarly discussion on how RQM deals with the EPR paradox (is quite insightful and not much maths in it at all for the most part!)

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Quantum physics deals with things that are a subset of

  1. Rupa
  2. Vedanä
  3. Saññä
  4. Sankhara
  5. Viññana

And it tries to understand what happens to these in a subatomic level.

Buddhism deals with the understanding of Four Noble Truths of which the First Noble Truth is,

  1. Rupa
  2. Vedanä
  3. Saññä
  4. Sankhara
  5. Viññana

And it tries to warn you that the assumption these things as "me", "mine" or "my soul" leads to suffering rebirth (hence Aging, Sickness, Death)

While both seem to look at the same things, Quantum mechanics has a different objective from that of Buddhism. Thus, Quantum mechanics does not address the three questions clearly where as Buddhism does

  1. What is the pleasure of Pancha Upädänakkhanda ?
  2. What is the danger of Pancha Upädänakkhanda?
  3. What is the refuge from Pancha Upädänakkhanda?
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In quantum physics states every atom is impermanent. Same is taught by Buddha.

Apart from that there is quantum entanglement which means if two atom or particles are entangled than it doesn't matter how far they are if you make any changes to one another changes automatically, Buddhism teaches this in Mettā Meditation.

Buddha was able to see every atom of his body was continuously coming to existence and dying at the same time, giving you the illusion that we are alive.

He told (10 to the power 21) times an atom is coming to existence every second, which is very similar to quantum physics.

The actual question should be about the difference, Which we need to understand is Panya (Pragya in Hindi, Maybe experiential knowledge in English) When one find's the Quantum truth by Physics one would still remain as same person, but if one reaches to same truth by Mind, one become Buddha.(Buddha is a person who has his Bodhi(Realization), Which means you will become self realized).

  • May I know any reference to what you have stated as "Buddha was able to see every atom of his body was continuously coming to existence and dying at the same time, giving you the illusion that we are alive. He told (10 to the power 21) times an atom is coming to existence every second, which is very similar to quantum physics", please? – Akila Hettiarachchi Apr 6 '17 at 14:35
  • @AkilaHettiarachchi Yes Sir I attended 10 Days vipassana course in which we were told by Mr Goenka that Buddha was able to see how the mind is entangled with each atom(4 basic elements), the space with each atom is the 5th basic element and 5th element he said is mind which is entangled throughout the physical body. – Rishi Apr 7 '17 at 5:36
  • @Rishi start reading the Tipitaka. – Ravindranath Akila Apr 7 '17 at 15:55
  • @RavindranathAkila Sir, I would request you to explain what is "Tipitaka" and Why one should read it?, What is its essence?, What kind of knowledge it has?, is it very interesting? or can I get its smaller version, Which just tells the truth in simple words. – Rishi Apr 10 '17 at 5:31
  • @Rishi The Tipitaka is the Pali canon; but the most important of these "three baskets" (for a lay person) are the suttas. For further details see this answer and the several answers to this question. – ChrisW Apr 10 '17 at 12:37

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