We have a lot of feral foxes in Australia which decimate the local wildlife. Foxes are not native to Australia but where introduced by humans. Local wildlife is not adapted to these predators and are an easy prey for foxes. What is the Buddhist view on killing an invasive alien species destroying the local environmental life cycle?

  • Thank you for your reply, I have read this post. The main difference is that foxes were introduced by humans and not part of the native wildlife. Are we, as humans, responsible for the extinction of native wildlife because we introduced them? I am really struggling with this because we have many foxes on our property and I find dead native animals almost every day, killed by foxes. I spoke to an expert and he told me that many native animals are at risk of becoming extinct in our area. Are we responsible if we let this get out of control?
    – Eric
    Jun 19, 2014 at 12:23
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    From a Buddhist point of view, that's not really relevant - killing is killing. But I still think that can be discussed within the framework of the other question. The question is still 'can killing ever be justified?' We don't really need a question for every example, I don't think... Jun 19, 2014 at 12:30
  • Thank you. I am sorry that I asked such a specific question but I am struggling with this for many years and I am still hoping that one day someone will understand my dilemma. I have spoken to several monks and they all say the same as you say: "killing is killing" but it hurts to see so many dead native animals when I walk in the area. I can understand that this is probably not the right place to get an answer for this. Thank you.
    – Eric
    Jun 19, 2014 at 13:05
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    Practice compassion on the feral foxes as well as local animals. In any case, it hurts because of your clinging. Compassion does not hurt. Jun 19, 2014 at 16:52
  • @Eric Maybe this answer helps: buddhism.stackexchange.com/a/199/18 Jun 19, 2014 at 17:54

2 Answers 2


This is a complex question to which there is no right answer.

Karma is created by our intention. The intention with which we engage in an action. You can look at your intention. Are you engaging in it for your own convenience or a well considered belief that it will ease suffering?

Do you know enough to make a decision about the situation? Will the suffering of foxes you kill be less than the suffering of the native animals? Do you know that the environment should be restored or is that just your own attachment to how things should be?

When I consider situations like this and the questions that arise it becomes clear the world we live in is messy and there are situations for which there is not a right answer. Purity within samsara is not possible. What I can do is work to purify negative karma, accumulate good karma, and develop wisdom.

Ultimately, killing is killing and most of us have ignorance of self-grasping. Killing invasive foxes with self-grasping ignorance creates its own karma. Very strong conviction that it was the best course of action would be required before I took on such karma.


The 1st precept has already been covered.

I think there is another interesting Buddhist angle to this, which is samsara. Western Buddhists generally don't take samsara very seriously-- our life is comfortable and it's hard to convince us otherwise.

If samsara is a real thing, then the world we are in problematic and can't be solved with technical solutions. Interventions to improve the world by adding, say starlings to the US, rabbits to Australia, or the nutria to Louisiana-- all of these attempt to improve things were disasters. Someone who takes samsara seriously would expect the solution of slaughtering all these starlings, rabbits and nutria to be a disaster as well. An example waiting to happen is the suppression of disease with vaccinations (the equivalent of wiping out a problematic species). It works, but we only need public health to lapse for a short for a generation or so, and I imagine the death toll will be huge as we aren't no longer protected by the old fashion defense of darwinian survival of people with selective genes. I'm not advocating stopping vaccinations, just trying to illustrate how samsara is sort of a "damned if you do, damned if you don't" situation.

In the Buddhist system, the solution to samsara is nirvana, we stay and suffer or we exit the whole realm.

One of the monks I like to read clearly does take samsara seriously and is highly skeptical of modern attempts to improve samsara from within it. Personally I hope he is too pessimistic, but I have to admit his line of reasoning is very Buddhist.

Ref: http://indrajalapatha.blogspot.com/2013/07/the-violence-behind-non-violence.html http://indrajalapatha.blogspot.in/2013/08/the-failure-of-eco-piety.html

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