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What are some meditation techniques used in different branches/traditions/vehicles of Buddhism?

Please provide the name of the technique, names of branches/traditions/vehicles that apply this technique, and recommended references that can allow to read more about the technique.

In case you want to provide information about what is the point or the most distinguishing feature of the technique, please do it in a few sentences and avoid extended discussion.

closed as too broad by Andrei Volkov Nov 19 '15 at 2:00

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    This is a massive topic. Each vehicle has it own sub schools which in turn have their own sub sub schools that have their own meditation techniques. For instance, you have Mahayana, then you have Zen, then you have shikantaza and koan meditation. There's even variations within those. And don't even get me started on Tibetan Buddhism! A couple of books that might help - Mahayana Buddhist Meditation (Kiyota) and Theravada Mediation (King). I could go on for pages on books on Tibetan techniques. – user698 Nov 6 '15 at 14:10
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    @Michay. As Neko has already mentioned, this topic is extremely big and very broad. It would be great if you could narrow it down, so its easier to answer. – Lanka Nov 6 '15 at 15:24
  • Would it work if I asked about a list of names of all meditation techniques used by different branches of Buddhism, with information in which branches each of them used? It would be analogous to this question: buddhism.stackexchange.com/questions/10412/… It could be a community wiki. – michau Nov 6 '15 at 17:20
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    @Lanka If any answer to this question would be too long to post here, would it work to ask for recommended references to places where this question is answered elsewhere (e.g. online, and/or in specific books like the ones mention by neko)? – ChrisW Nov 6 '15 at 18:00
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    I answered here in relation to meditations techniques Tibetans emphasize. Some of them belong to both perfection vehicle and secret mantra vehicle : buddhism.stackexchange.com/questions/11936/… – Tenzin Dorje Nov 6 '15 at 19:20