You have asked two questions here... one about "spiritual progress" and the other about "excommunication" / "status". I can hazard a guess from the Theravāda tradition.
In the Mahāparinibbāna Sutta (DN 16) the Buddha said:
"In whatsoever Dhamma and Discipline, Subhadda, there is not found the Noble Eightfold Path, neither is there found a true ascetic of the first, second, third, or fourth degree of saintliness. But in whatsoever Dhamma and Discipline there is found the Noble Eightfold Path, there is found a true ascetic of the first, second, third, and fourth degrees of saintliness. Now in this Dhamma and Discipline, Subhadda, is found the Noble Eightfold Path; and in it alone are also found true ascetics of the first, second, third, and fourth degrees of saintliness. Devoid of true ascetics are the systems of other teachers. But if, Subhadda, the bhikkhus live righteously, the world will not be destitute of arahats.
In other words, spiritual progress depends on the Noble Eightfold Path, not on the kinds of superficial things that you mentioned.
Excommunication / Status
In the Theravāda tradition, "excommunication" only happens in the case of the four defeaters (pārājika): incelibacy, theft, killing, false claim of attainments.
The next most serious offenses are the twelve offenses requiring a formal meeting (saṅghādisesa). Once a monk confesses to one of these offenses during the uposatha ceremony, the monk is "put under probation" (some reduced freedoms) until the probation is lifted at a subsequent uposatha ceremony (in other words, the probation can be two weeks, four weeks, six weeks, etc.).
A monk's "status" is based on the number of vassa that they have completed (date that they were ordained).
Though the behaviours that you describe would certainly be strange for a monk, they do not seem to contravene either the pārājika or saṅghādisesa so they would not legally impact the monk.
When Faxian visited Sri Lanka around 400AD, he reported seeing Bodhisatta worship happening alongside traditional Theravāda practices within the same temple. It is not difference in practice that splits the Sangha, it is difference in Vinaya.