Dipankara, Siddhartha Gotama, Maithreya to name a few (of the 28 named in the Buddhavamsa) - it feels a bit like a Hollywood plot where it's always only an all American hero that fights off the alien invasion of planet Earth.

Given that the dharma is universal why isn't a Buddha a deva or a Pacific islander or a woman?

Why is it also always only one person and not like say a united nations of Buddhas?

  • Same reason Jesus is always a youngish white guy with a beard.
    – user5815
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 15:59
  • This a Theravada or Mahayana question? Buddhavamsa is 1st or 2nd century AD, so it would predate Mahayana. Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 18:32

3 Answers 3


The question has two parts. Why only one Buddha? This is only in the Theravāda. In other Buddhist schools two, five, or up to millions of Buddhas can be seen. Two in the White Lotus, Five in the five Buddha Maṇḍala (featuring Vairocana Tathāgata, Akṣobhya Tathāgata, Ratnasambhava Tathāgata, Amitābha Tathāgata, and Amoghasiddhi Tathāgata), and an infinite number in the Avatamsaka Sūtra. Most non-Theravādin schools accept the existence of multiple Buddhists.

Five Buddha Maṇḍala painted by Dharmacārī Āloka

The second part is why ethnically North Indian? Artists in different countries tend to depict the Buddha as having features similar to their own ethnic group, and besides have nationally distinctive styles, so one can usually tell say a Khmer Buddha from a Chinese, or a Tibetan. Many of the Buddhist artists (the image is by my colleague Dharmacārī Āloka) I know paint the Buddha as similar to themselves - since most of the artists I know are English or Kiwis, their paintings tend to look Anglo-Saxon. But there's nothing to stop, say someone of African descent portraying the Buddha as African.

And of course there is some cross over. So Khmer artists tend to portray solitary Buddhas but with Khmer features, whereas Tibetans portray many Buddhas with Tibetan features. For some artists it makes sense to portray Gautama Buddha as an Indian because it seems more historically authentic, though of course we do not know the ethnic identity of Buddha - it's possible the Śākyas originally came from Iran for example.

  • I've edited my answer to try to clarify. Does that help?
    – Jayarava
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 12:49
  • Thank you. About ethnicity I was thinking of the names more than facial features, which are each in Sanskrit. Plus, the encounters between Buddha Dipankara and Buddha Gowtama in his past lives always occur in and around north India.
    – Buddho
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 13:25
  • 1
    There are some really cool Buddhist sculptures from in and around Pakistan that actually shows Greco-Roman influence - specifically in the hair. egyptsearch.com/forums/…
    – user698
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 15:33
  • @nemo True, the Kushan period is overall radically innovative and accepting. They were Mongols who lived in Pakistan, spoke Gandhari, worshipped Hindu and Buddhist gods and used the Greek alphabet.
    – Buddho
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 16:12
  • Would you happen to know of any sects that have female Buddhas or Buddhas whose origin myth is in a country or region other than India?
    – Buddho
    Commented Aug 28, 2015 at 16:13

Given my time with the reading & practice of Zen, Buddhism & Sanatan dharma with a lot of spiritual people, I'll answer this from a different Point of View.

Jayarava's answer is perfectly accurate to say why people in various places and cultures portray the enlightened Master the look up to in different ways.

it feels a bit like a Hollywood plot where it's always only an all American hero that fights off the alien invasion of planet Earth.

A lovely thing I remember hearing some time back if you want to learn:

  • Marketing - Americans
  • Manufacturing, Precision, Quality - Germans / Japanese
  • and so on..

India, or I will refer to a more accurate word for the region currently labeled by the British as India; Bharat by its name & history has been the center of spiritual evolution & wisdom; flavors of knowledge & wisdom have emanated from that region.

Each person & place has to play a role, something special to play its karma in the universe.

So, while Americans always fight off alien invasions courtesy of their Hollywood machinery and brilliant influence on world pop culture, silently the spiritual flavors of ancient wisdom have been reaching the corners of the world over centuries or more.


The word Hindu is inaccurate as it was derived from 3 pieces that make up H-Indu-Sthan. It was the name given by those that traveled to the Indu river valley

  • H - Persian / Farsiy had no way to speak / write Indu so the 'H' sound got prepended
  • Indu - They meant to point to the River Indu
    • For most people, things were mapped by major landmarks - Rivers, Seas, Mountains, Valleys, Forests.
  • Sthan - Sanskrit loosely translate to 'Place, Spot, location'

India's name is / was - Bha-rat -

  • "Bha" means Light and Knowledge,
  • "rata" means “Devoted”.

Everyone, every place, every nation, every atom & molecule have to play their part in the universe which has been labeled as both:

  • Nothing - Nir-guna
  • Everything - Sa-guna

PS: Guna - loosely translated attributes/ properties

Given that the dharma is universal why isn't a Buddha a deva or a Pacific islander or a woman?

Which is the reason why people traveled to spread the word.

Its also the reason why the missing years of Jesus, it is said he was in Bharat, in an area called Kashmir where his name has been found mentioned as 'Isa' or 'Issa' {pronounced: Eee- Saa - h}

Why is it also always only one person and not like say a united nations of Buddhas?

There have always been Masters like that all over the world. If you look for them, you will see there above lies your United Nations.

Spirituality unites or actually reminds us its all one.. Union.. Yog.
Ego & material nature of human beings draws lines & divides us into Nations.

Adding a note since someone hit negative on my answer :) just because they disagree - opposite of what Buddha or any enlightened master teaches us.

So, Masters did not belong to Nations. If anything, every time a Master has come to the planet, they have come to help whoever they can reach, directly or indirectly.

Masters do not associate with Nations, Cultures or People, It is the Nations, Cultures and People who identify with associate with a Master.

Hence, people take on rituals & rites, methods & flavors; and later even fight with other groups over those details.

Masters do not create factions, they join everyone, or should I say they are here to "remind" and "make us realize" that we are already ONE.

So, when they teach LOVE thy neighbor or Compassion, those are not for the other, but to for US, to realize the Oneness and practice it as something you are not doing for other, but for yourself :)

Hence the term "self realization", reminding and realizing that we are the all-pervasive universe - everything & nothing. :)


first of all Alex S is right about what he said,But i think a response from Theravada must be added to this. As we believe there is a special planet in the universe,the planet is always earth.But this time it was India next time it will have a different name.As we believe the place Lord Buddhas will achieve complete wisdom will always be the same.If you want to look in to this search for the word "Mangala / Magul Sakwala"

  • Hi Hammer and welcome to Buddhism SE. Could you clean up the grammar and spelling in your answer and add some references to the search word, you are refering to? That would make it easier for other users and the OP. Thank you.
    – user2424
    Commented Oct 26, 2015 at 0:56
  • Thank you for the acknowledgement.Good to see a sri lankan in this with us.
    – Theravada
    Commented Oct 28, 2015 at 1:02
  • Hope you good luck in your efforts @Lanka
    – Theravada
    Commented Oct 28, 2015 at 1:17
  • Thank you. May you be well and happy and have a fruitful practice.
    – user2424
    Commented Oct 28, 2015 at 9:04

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